Nguyễn Phú Trọng

Nguyễn Phú Trọng (born 14 April 1944) is a Vietnamese politician who is the current General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, de facto top leader of Vietnam, in office since 19 January 2011, and President of Vietnam, de jure head of state of Vietnam, in office since 23 October 2018. He was Chairman of the National Assembly from 2006 to 2011, representing Hanoi, was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the party's 11th National Congress in 2011[1][2][3][4] and reelected at the 12th National Congress in 2016.

Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Mr. Nguyen Phu Trong.jpg
Nguyễn Phú Trọng (2019)
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam
Assumed office
19 January 2011
DeputyLê Hồng Anh
Đinh Thế Huynh
Trần Quốc Vượng
(Executive Secretary)
Preceded byNông Đức Mạnh
9th President of Vietnam
Assumed office
23 October 2018
Prime MinisterNguyễn Xuân Phúc
Vice PresidentĐặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
Preceded byTrần Đại Quang
Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh (acting)
Secretary of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party
Assumed office
19 January 2011
DeputyNgô Xuân Lịch
Preceded byNông Đức Mạnh
President of the Vietnam Red Cross Society
Assumed office
05 December 2018
Preceded byTrần Đại Quang
Chairman of the National Assembly
In office
26 June 2006 – 23 July 2011
Preceded byNguyễn Văn An
Succeeded byNguyễn Sinh Hùng
Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee
In office
January 2000 – 26 June 2006
Preceded byLê Xuân Tùng
Succeeded byPhạm Quang Nghị
Member of the National Assembly
Assumed office
19 May 2002
Personal details
Born (1944-04-14) 14 April 1944 (age 76)
Bắc Ninh, French Indochina
(now Hanoi, Vietnam)
Political partyCommunist Party of Vietnam (1968–present)
Spouse(s)Ngô Thị Mẫn
Alma materUniversity of Hanoi
National Academy of Public Administration
Russian Academy of Sciences

As General Secretary, Trọng heads the party's Secretariat[5][6][7] and is the Secretary of the Central Military Commission[8][9] in addition to being the de facto head of the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Vietnam, which currently makes him the most powerful person in Vietnam.[10]

On 3 October 2018, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam formally nominated Trọng to be the next President of Vietnam to be voted on the next session of the National Assembly where the party holds an overwhelming majority, making him the third person to simultaneously head the party and the state after Ho Chi Minh (in North Vietnam only) and Trường Chinh. On 23 October 2018, he was elected as the 9th President of Vietnam in a meeting of the sixth session of the National Assembly.

Early life and careerEdit

General Secretary Trọng arrives at Joint Base Andrews to meet President Barack Obama, 6 July 2015
President Donald Trump and President Trọng in front of a statue of Vietnamese revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh, 27 February 2019

Dr. Nguyễn Phú Trọng was born in Đông Hội Commune, Đông Anh District, Hanoi. His official biography gives his family background only as "average peasant".[11] He studied philology and earned a Ph.D. in philosophy at Vietnam National University, Hanoi from 1963 to 1968 and received a Ph.D. in Law Degree in University of Ho Chi Minh and also received a Master in Diplomat at Ho Chi Minh University. Dr. Trọng officially became a member of the Communist Party of Vietnam in December 1968. He worked for the Tạp chí Cộng Sản (Communist Review), the theoretical and political agency of the Communist Party of Vietnam (formerly the Labor Party) in the periods of 1968–1973, 1976–1981 and 1983–1996. From 1991 to 1996, he served as the editor-in-chief of the Tạp chí Cộng Sản.

Dr. Trọng went to the Soviet Union in 1981 to study at the Academy of Sciences and received a Candidate of Sciences degree in history in 1983.[12] In 1998, Trọng entered the party section devoted to political work, making him one of the most prominent Vietnamese political theoreticians, heading the party Central Committee's Theoretical Council in charge of the party's theoretical work from 2001 to 2006.

Dr. Trong is a Marxist theoretician, and has long railed against some party members' loss of "Marxist-Leninist virtue".[13]

Dr. Trọng has been member of the party's Central Committee since January 1994, member of the party's Political Bureau since December 1997 and deputy to the National Assembly since May 2002. From January 2000 to June 2006, Trọng was secretary of the party's Executive Committee of Hanoi, the de facto head of the city authority. On 26 June 2006, Trọng was elected as the Chairman of the National Assembly.[14] During this period, he was elected secretary of the party organization in the National Assembly and member of the Council for Defence and Security. On 23 October 2018, Trọng was elected as the 9th President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in a seasonal meeting of National Assembly.

On 14 April 2019, it was reported that Trọng had been rushed to the Chợ Rẫy Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City after visiting Kiên Giang, according to overseas news sources.[15][16] Rumors and allegations arose from Vietnamese media during this time period. The Vietnamese government initially had no comment on the subject matter, but later confirmed from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Vietnam that he was "unwell, but will soon return to work".[17] He reappeared on 14 May 2019 to discuss about the upcoming Party Congress.[18]

Leader of VietnamEdit

First term as General SecretaryEdit

Trọng was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam in 2011. The 5th plenum of the 11th Central Committee decided to take the Central Steering Committee for Anti-Corruption away from the Prime Minister's control and Trọng was elected its head.[19][20]

On 6 July 2015, General Secretary Trọng arrived in the United States to begin his United States visit to 10 July 2015. This is the first time a leader of the Communist Party of Vietnam has held office in the United States Department of State, but has not held any official post in the Oval Office. This visit coincided with the milestone of twenty years since the United States and Vietnam normalized diplomatic relations. The talks with President Barack Obama was about human rights, security and defense and the Trans-Pacific Partnership.[21][22]

Reelection as General SecretaryEdit

On 27 January 2016, Trọng was re-elected as General Secretary of the 12th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the first conference of the committee.[23] At 72 years old, he was the 12th Committee's oldest member. For this term, Trong is ranked number one in the Politburo, marking a return to normality.

Trọng hopes, under a one-party rule, to strengthen Vietnam's position in the world, turning it into an industrial country rather than a country that produces on primary products.[24] "A country without discipline would be chaotic and unstable [...]. [W]e need to balance democracy and law and order", he said at the close of a meeting to choose the country's leadership for the next five years. "I very much hope the new faces in the politburo will push with reforms and bring the country forward, but I don't know whether they can do that", said Tran Thi Tram. "They will also have to really tackle the corruption problem, otherwise the people would be the ones to suffer most".[24]

Presidential nominationEdit

On 3 October 2018, Trọng was chosen by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam with 100% support to become the party nominee for the position of the President of Vietnam, becoming the official successor of Trần Đại Quang.[25][26]


The National Assembly elected Trọng as state president on 23 October 2018 with 99.79% percent of the vote. His swearing-in ceremony took place at the Grand Hall and was broadcast live on the afternoon on state radio and television systems.[27]

Published worksEdit


  • Nguyen Phu Trong (2004). Viet Nam on The Path of Renewal. Hanoi: Thế giới Publishers. 351 p.[28]
  • Nguyen Phu Trong (2015). Renewal in Việt Nam: Theory and Reality. Hanoi: Thế giới Publishers. 397 p.[29]
  • Nguyen Phu Trong; Tran Dinh Nghiem; Vu Hien (1995). Vietnam from 1986. Hanoi: Thế giới Publishers. 116 p.[30]



  1. ^ Vietnam: Foreign Policy and Government Guide International Business Publications, USA. – 2007– Page 8 "General Secretary Nông Ðức Mạnh – President Nguyễn Minh Triết – Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng – National Assembly Chairman Nguyễn Phú Trọng"
  2. ^ "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party Chief", Vietnam News Agency, 19 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party General Secretary", Nhan Dan, 19 January 2011.
  4. ^ "Party Congress announces CPVCC Politburo members", VGP News, 19 January 2011
  5. ^ "Party leader Trong announces Central Committee Secretariat", Viet Nam News, 10 February 2011.
  6. ^ "11th CPVCC Secretariat members named", Vietnam News Agency, 9 February 2011.
  7. ^ (in Vietnamese) "Ban Chấp hành trung ương, Bộ Chính trị, Ban Bí thư Archived 2013-01-30 at the Wayback Machine, Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam, 25 January 2011.
  8. ^ (in Vietnamese) "Tổ chức trọng thể lễ tang Thượng tướng Nguyễn Trọng Xuyên Archived 2013-04-22 at", VOV Online, 27 June 2012.
  9. ^ "Tổng Bí thư dự Hội nghị quân chính toàn quân Archived 2013-06-14 at the Wayback Machine", VOV Online, 16 December 2011.
  10. ^ (in Vietnamese) "BBC News".
  11. ^ "Biography of Party General Secretary, President Nguyễn Phú Trọng". Retrieved 2020-03-23.
  12. ^ Нгуен Фу Чонг - Деятельность Коммунистической партии Вьетнама по укреплению ее связи с массами на современном этапе : с учетом опыта КПСС : диссертация ... кандидата исторических наук : 07.00.14 - Search RSL. (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  13. ^ "The Costs of Trong's Crusade Against Corruption in Vietnam".
  14. ^ "Vietnam confirms new leadership", BBC, 27 June 2006.
  15. ^ "Sức khoẻ của TBT Nguyễn Phú Trọng không còn là bí mật 100%". (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  16. ^ "PHÓNG SỰ VIỆT NAM: Nếu ông Nguyễn Phú Trọng bệnh nặng, ai sẽ là người lên thay?". (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  17. ^ "Bộ Ngoại Giao nói về sức khoẻ của Tổng bí thư". VnExpress. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  18. ^ "Tổng bí thư trở lại làm việc và kỳ vọng "lò nóng, củi gộc'". Zing News. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  19. ^ (in Vietnamese) "Tổng Bí thư sẽ làm Trưởng Ban Chỉ đạo phòng, chống tham nhũng Archived 2012-09-12 at the Wayback Machine", Pháp luật & Xã hội, 16 May 2012.
  20. ^ "Party Central Committee's conference concludes", VOV Online, 15 May 2012.
  21. ^ "Tổng thống Obama tiếp TBT Nguyễn Phú Trọng tại phòng Bầu dục ở Nhà trắng". Radio Free Asia (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  22. ^ "Vietnam Communist party chief to make first US trip". US news. Associated Press. 4 July 2015.
  23. ^ Xuxin, ed. (27 January 2016). "Nguyen Phu Trong re-elected as Vietnam's communist party chief". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  24. ^ a b "One-party rule best for Vietnam, says leader". The Guardian. Associated Press. 2016-01-28. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  25. ^ Trung ương giới thiệu Tổng bí thư để bầu làm Chủ tịch nước, translation: Central Committee introduce the General secretary to become new President
  26. ^ Vietnam nominates party chief as new president, Reuters, 3 Oct 2018
  27. ^ Phan, Anh (2018-10-23). "It's official: Party chief Trong is Vietnam's new president". VnExpress International. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
  28. ^ "Welcome To NXB The Gioi".
  29. ^ "Welcome To NXB The Gioi".
  30. ^ "Vietnam from 1986 / Nguyen Phu Trong, Tran Dinh Nghiem, Vu Hien | National Library of Australia".
  31. ^ "Trong received Order of Jose Martí".

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Nong Duc Manh
General Secretary of the Communist Party
Secretary of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party
Political offices
Preceded by
Nguyễn Văn An
Chairman of the National Assembly
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Sinh Hùng
Preceded by
Trần Đại Quang
Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
President of Vietnam