New York Bay

New York Bay is the large body of water surrounding the mouth of the Hudson River where it emptied into the Atlantic Ocean. It is shared by the states of New York and New Jersey in the United States.

GeographyEdit

New York Bay is usually divided into two major components, which are connected by the Narrows. They are Upper New York Bay and Lower New York Bay.

The term New York Harbor usually refers to Upper New York Bay and the surrounding Port of New York and New Jersey, but sometimes is taken to be a synonym for New York Bay.

Upper New York Bay includes several islands. Liberty Island is the location of the Statue of Liberty. Nearby Ellis Island is known as a former immigration station. Governors Island is a former military base, now a park and historic site. Robbins Reef Light is also in the upper bay. Lower New York Bay includes Hoffman Island and nearby Swinburne Island. Both are artificial islands that are closed to the public.

HistoryEdit

The first European discovery of the area was by Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "It is in May 1624 that the "Nieu Nederlandt", a ship chartered by the West India Company, arrived in sight of Manhattan Island. The vessel carried about thirty Belgian families. Most of them were Walloons accompanied by a few Flemings". Newis the in York Foundation. Retrieved 8 November 2015.

Coordinates: 40°38′N 74°03′W / 40.64°N 74.05°W / 40.64; -74.05