Neuruppin (German pronunciation: [nɔʏʁʊˈpiːn]) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, the administrative seat of Ostprignitz-Ruppin district. It is the birthplace of the novelist Theodor Fontane (1819–1898) and therefore also referred to as Fontanestadt. A garrison town since 1688 and largely rebuilt in a Neoclassical style after a devastating fire in 1787, Neuruppin has the reputation of being "the most Prussian of all Prussian towns".

Neuruppin
Street with Holy Trinity Church
Street with Holy Trinity Church
Coat of arms of Neuruppin
Coat of arms
Location of Neuruppin within Ostprignitz-Ruppin district
Neuruppin in OPR.png
Neuruppin is located in Germany
Neuruppin
Neuruppin
Neuruppin is located in Brandenburg
Neuruppin
Neuruppin
Coordinates: 52°55′59″N 12°48′00″E / 52.93306°N 12.80000°E / 52.93306; 12.80000Coordinates: 52°55′59″N 12°48′00″E / 52.93306°N 12.80000°E / 52.93306; 12.80000
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOstprignitz-Ruppin
Government
 • MayorJens-Peter Golde (Pro Ruppin)
Area
 • Total303.32 km2 (117.11 sq mi)
Elevation
44 m (144 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total30,846
 • Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
16816, 16818, 16827
Dialling codes03391, 033925, 033929, 033932, 033933
Vehicle registrationOPR, KY, NP, WK
Websitewww.neuruppin.de

GeographyEdit

The town is located on the shore of the Ruppiner See, a lake traversed by the Rhin river, about 60 km (37 mi) northwest of Berlin. In the north, the hilly landscape of Ruppin Switzerland stretches up to the Rheinsberg Lake Region and the border with Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is part of the Stechlin-Ruppiner Land Nature Park.

After several incorporations in 1993, Neuruppin today is one of Germany's largest municipalities by area.

HistoryEdit

The shores of Ruppiner See were settled since the Stone Age; in the 9th century AD, Poggenwerder Island was the site of a Slavic gord (burgwall), probably built by Polabian Zamizi tribes. The castle was possibly slighted during the Wendish Crusade of 1147 and about 1200 a lowland castle was erected on an opposite peninsula, which from 1214 served as the residence of the Lords of Ruppin. Their lordship remained an immediate Imperial estate until its final incorporation into the neighbouring Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1524.

 
View of Neuruppin, about 1694

The name Neuruppin means "New Ruppin", as the original settlement of Ruppin (later Alt Ruppin, "Old Ruppin") was located around the castle on the north-eastern shore of the Ruppiner See. In the early 13th century, when the settlement became too small for the growing population, Neuruppin on the western shore of the lake was established by the Lords of Lindow-Ruppin. First mentioned in a 1238 deed, it became the first establishment of the Dominican Order between the Elbe and Oder rivers, when the local noble Wichmann von Arnstein founded Neuruppin Abbey in 1246. Today only the monastery church is still standing. Since the Protestant Reformation it is called St Trinitatis. Neuruppin received town privileges on 9 March 1256; town walls were erected and completed until the 15th century.

In 1524 Ruppin Land was finally seized as a reverted fief by the Hohenzollern Elector Joachim I Nestor of Brandenburg. The monastery was secularised in the course of the Reformation and its premises ceded to the Neuruppin citizens. The town was ravaged by the Thirty Years' War, from about 1685 French Huguenot refugees settled here. In 1688 Neuruppin became a Brandenburg-Prussian garrison town.

After a disastrous fire in 1787 the Neo-Classicism of the rebuilt town's buildings characterise its townscape to the present day. It remained a garrison town until the late 20th century, since Soviet (resp. Russian) troops were stationed here until 1993; during this time there were as many Soviet soldiers as inhabitants in Neuruppin.

DemographyEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 20,080—    
1890 21,912+0.58%
1910 26,164+0.89%
1925 26,640+0.12%
1933 29,044+1.09%
1939 33,090+2.20%
1946 37,904+1.96%
1950 36,677−0.82%
1964 31,422−1.10%
1971 31,283−0.06%
1981 33,042+0.55%
1985 33,989+0.71%
1989 34,176+0.14%
1990 34,014−0.47%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 33,324−2.03%
1992 33,349+0.08%
1993 33,249−0.30%
1994 33,049−0.60%
1995 32,795−0.77%
1996 32,817+0.07%
1997 32,744−0.22%
1998 32,732−0.04%
1999 32,640−0.28%
2000 32,598−0.13%
2001 32,375−0.68%
2002 32,317−0.18%
2003 32,114−0.63%
2004 32,061−0.17%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 32,145+0.26%
2006 31,939−0.64%
2007 31,821−0.37%
2008 31,662−0.50%
2009 31,574−0.28%
2010 31,599+0.08%
2011 30,184−4.48%
2012 30,162−0.07%
2013 30,345+0.61%
2014 30,665+1.05%
2015 30,715+0.16%
2016 31,037+1.05%
2017 30,889−0.48%
2018 30,846−0.14%

Mayors since 1810Edit

  • 1810–1816: Dr. Braun
  • 1816–1822: Balthasar Friedrich Knoevenvogel
  • 1822–1851: Ernst Adolph Bienengräber
  • 1851–1888: Ch. L. G. von Schulz
  • 1889–1899: Adolf Trenckmann
  • 1899–1923: Max Warzecha
  • 1923–1933: Ernst Blümel
  • 1934–1945: Kurt Krüger
  • 1945: Reinhold Meyer[3]
  • 1945: Karl Hochstädt
  • 1945: Hermann Huch
  • 1945–1946: Richard Schulz
  • 1946–1948: Trude Marx[4]
  • 1948–1949: H. Schulz[3]
  • 1949–1951: Joseph Robiné
  • 1951–1953: Otto Herms
  • 1954–?: Max Hartmann
  • 1957–1965: Bruno Salvat
  • 1965–1970: Günter Weigt
  • 1970–1978: Gerd Hohlfeld
  • 1978–1988: Harald Lemke
  • 1988–1990: Rainer Frank
  • 1990–1991: Silke Bringmann
  • 1991–1994: Joachim Zindler
  • 1994–2004: Otto Theel
  • seit 2005: Jens-Peter Golde

Jens-Peter Golde was reelected in 2013 with 60,4 % of the votes.[5]

Notable peopleEdit

The novelist Theodor Fontane, the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, the lieutenant colonel Otto Friedrich Ferdinand von Görschen, the general Hermann Hoth, the serial killer Carl Großmann and the actor Klaus Schwarzkopf were born in Neuruppin. The architect Joachim Ludwig Schultheiss von Unfriedt was possibly from Altruppin.

More sons and daughters of NeuruppinEdit

 
Ferdinand von Bredow 1930

Personalities related to cityEdit

 
Carl von Clausewitz painted by Karl Wilhelm Walch

Photo galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ a b Brigitte Meier: Fontanestadt Neuruppin – Eine Stadtgeschichte in Daten, Karwe 2003
  4. ^ Petra Torjus (Hrsg.): Elf Frauen die Neuruppin bewegten, Neuruppin 2011
  5. ^ Ergebnis der Bürgermeisterstichwahl am 27. Januar 2013

External linksEdit

  Media related to Neuruppin at Wikimedia Commons