Neumarkt is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts of Nürnberger Land, Amberg-Sulzbach, Schwandorf, Regensburg, Kelheim, Eichstätt and Roth.
|Adm. region||Upper Palatinate|
|• Total||1,344 km2 (519 sq mi)|
(31 December 2018)
|• Density||99/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Vehicle registration||NM, PAR|
In early medieval times the region was ruled by the counts of Wolfstein, while the city of Neumarkt was directly subordinate to the emperor and hence independent from the Wolfstein family. In the 14th century the counts of Wolfstein, as well as the city of Neumarkt, became subordinate to the Electorate of the Palatinate, and in 1628 to Bavaria.
Below an outline of the history of Neumarkt from its founding in the 12th century to its destruction in World War II is provided. The town's development can be divided into 5 periods:
The beginnings of Neumarkt The "new market" is founded on an important long-distance trade route.
Neumarkt falls under the rule of the Wittelsbach dynasty and is allotted to the Palatinate on the Rhine with the partitioning of the territory in 1329.
Neumarkt as seat of the Palatinate Counts In the 15th century, Neumarkt become the seat of collateral lines of the Palatinate Counts. Count Palatine Frederick II transferred his residence from Amberg to Neumarkt and had constructed a palace.
The Reformation in Neumarkt Neumarkt converts to the Lutheran faith. The introduction of Calvinism causes disturbance. The rise of industry in Neumarkt Reflecting the general development in Bavaria, the transition of Neumarkt from a country town to an industrial center during the 19th century proceeds rather slowly and in small steps.
The destruction of Neumarkt in World War II On 23 February and 11 April 1945, Neumarkt is heavily bombed. The resistance of the SS results in the destruction of the town.
The district in its present shape was established in 1972, when the city of Neumarkt lost its status as an urban district and was incorporated into the district.
Coat of armsEdit
|The coat of arms displays three lions.|
The yellow lion was the heraldic animal of the Electorate of the Palatinate.
The red lions were the arms of the Wolfstein dynasty.
Towns and municipalitiesEdit
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.