Neron or Néron may refer to:
- Neron (DC Comics), a fictional character in the DC Comics' universe.
- An alternative name of the Roman Emperor Nero
- André Néron, a mathematician, who introduced:
- Geneviève Néron, a Canadian actress and musician
- Néron, Eure-et-Loir, a commune in the Eure-et-Loir department of France
- NOAA's Environmental Real-time Observation Network (NERON), the US Weather Observation Network
- Néron (opera) by Anton Rubinstein