Nentershausen, Hesse

Nentershausen is a community in Hersfeld-Rotenburg district in northeastern Hesse, Germany.

Nentershausen
Coat of arms of Nentershausen
Coat of arms
Location of Nentershausen within Hersfeld-Rotenburg district
ThuringiaVogelsbergkreisFulda (district)Schwalm-Eder-KreisWerra-Meißner-KreisAlheimRotenburg an der FuldaCornbergNentershausenBebraBebraWildeckHeringenPhilippsthalFriedewaldLudwigsauNeuensteinHohenrodaSchenklengsfeldSchenklengsfeldHauneckHaunetalNiederaulaKirchheimBreitenbach am HerzbergRonshausenBad HersfeldNentershausen in HEF.svg
About this image
Nentershausen is located in Germany
Nentershausen
Nentershausen
Nentershausen is located in Hesse
Nentershausen
Nentershausen
Coordinates: 51°0′45″N 9°56′6″E / 51.01250°N 9.93500°E / 51.01250; 9.93500Coordinates: 51°0′45″N 9°56′6″E / 51.01250°N 9.93500°E / 51.01250; 9.93500
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionKassel
DistrictHersfeld-Rotenburg
Government
 • MayorRalf Hilmes (SPD)
Area
 • Total57.06 km2 (22.03 sq mi)
Elevation
299 m (981 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total2,566
 • Density45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
36214
Dialling codes06627
Vehicle registrationHEF
Websitewww.nentershausen.de
View over Nentershausen (main centre)

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

The community lies in the mountains in eastern Hesse, where it finds itself in the centre of the Richelsdorfer Gebirge (range) between the Fulda to the west and the Werra to the east. The municipal area lies in the Hasel drainage basin whose namesake river empties into the river Sontra near Sontra.

The nearest major towns are Bad Hersfeld (some 25 km to the southwest), Eisenach (some 30 km to the east) and Eschwege (some 25 km to the north).

Neighbouring communitiesEdit

Nentershausen borders in the north and east on the town of Sontra (in the Werra-Meißner-Kreis), in the southeast on the community of Wildeck, in the south on the community of Ronshausen and in the west on the town of Bebra and the community of Cornberg (all in Hersfeld-Rotenburg).

Constituent communitiesEdit

Nentershausen’s Ortsteile, besides the main centre, also called Nentershausen, are Bauhaus, Dens, Mönchhosbach, Süß and Weißenhasel.

 
Tannenburg Castle

HistoryEdit

The first documentary mention of any of the constituent communities came from an interest register from the monastery at Helmershausen (nowadays part of the unitary community of Rhönblick), wherein Hasels is mentioned in 1120 as Hasolo in Thuringia. Tense followed in 1195 and Susse in 1267, which Hermann von Trott had acquired as a Lauterberg fief. The other places followed in the course of the 14th century.

About 1300, Ludwig I of Baumbach built Tannenberg Castle.

AmalgamationsEdit

In the course of municipal reform, the above-named communities merged into the greater community of Nentershausen on 31 December 1971.

PoliticsEdit

Community councilEdit

The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:

Parties and voter communities %
2006
Seats
2006
%
2001
Seats
2001
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 36.5 8 36.4 8
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 63.5 15 63.6 15
Total 100.0 23 100.0 23
Voter turnout in % 61.9 67.1

MayorsEdit

The former mayor Lothar Schmidt (SPD) was elected to a fourth term on 10 September 2000 with 90.6% of the vote. He had first been elected on 17 December 1982 for a term beginning on 1 January 1983. On 3 September 2006, Ralf Hilmes (SPD) was elected with 71.7% of the vote, thereby unseating Lothar Schmidt as the mayor on 1 January 2007.

Coat of armsEdit

The community’s arms might be described thus: Party per fess embattled of six vert a chief counter-sapiné of three argent, argent a mount of three of the first, surmounted by a sledgehammer and a cross-peen hammer per saltire Or.

Although the arms shown in this article show the two tools in silver (white), the German blazon says that this charge should be gold.

The coat of arms was conferred upon the community on 4 November 1981 by the Hessian Minister of the Interior.

The fir trees in the upper part of the escutcheon refer to the community’s wealth in woodland. The six battlements symbolize the six constituent communities and Tannenberg Castle. The mining tools refer to the community’s historical mining. Until the mid 20th century, bituminous shale (Kupferschiefer) was mined in Nentershausen.

Town partnershipsEdit

There was once a sponsorship arrangement with 4 Company of the Armoured Reconnaissance Battalion (Panzeraufklärungsbataillon) 5 in Sontra. This came to an end on 31 December 2007 when the battalion was disbanded.

Culture and sightseeingEdit

 
Church in Nentershausen

MuseumsEdit

  • Heimat und Bergbau Museum (“Local and Mining Museum”), in the former Amt court,

BuildingsEdit

  • Tannenberg Castle, built in the 13th century in the Gothic style, since 1360 owned by the family von Baumbach
  • Nentershausen Evangelical Church, remodelled between 1696 and 1706 in the Baroque style
  • Timber-frame town hall in Nentershausen

Natural monumentsEdit

In Nentershausen stands a protected village or court linden tree that is some 600 years old.

Regular eventsEdit

  • Denser Seefest (“Lake Festival”)
  • Burgfest (“Castle Festival”) at Tannenberg Castle

Famous peopleEdit

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

People associated with the communityEdit

  • Adolph Freiherr Knigge, wed Henriette von Baumbach in 1773, whose Tannenberg estates and castle are found here; he also lived here for a while

Further readingEdit

  • Ludwig Büff: Zur Geschichte von Nentershausen. Blücher Verlag, Merzhausen 2004, ISBN 3-934249-06-X
  • Der Gemeindevorstand der Gemeinde Nentershausen: " Nentershausen Bilder aus vergangenen Tagen " Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1992, ISBN 3-89264-733-X
  • Der Gemeindevorstand der Gemeinde Nentershausen: " Süß - das Dorf und seine Menschen" Hoehl-Druck, Bad Hersfeld 2005,

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit