Nauheim

Nauheim is a municipality in Groß-Gerau district in Hesse, Germany. Nauheim is located southwest of Frankfurt am Main and is part of the metropolitan region of Frankfurt. It lies in the Hessian Ried.

Nauheim
Old Town Hall
Old Town Hall
Coat of arms of Nauheim
Coat of arms
Location of Nauheim within Groß-Gerau district
Ginsheim-GustavsburgBischofsheimRüsselsheimRaunheimKelsterbachTreburNauheimMörfelden-WalldorfRiedstadtGroß-GerauBüttelbornStockstadt am RheinBiebesheim am RheinGernsheimWiesbadenMain-Taunus-KreisFrankfurtRhineland-PalatinateBergstraße (district)Offenbach (district)DarmstadtDarmstadt-DieburgNauheim in GG.svg
About this image
Nauheim is located in Germany
Nauheim
Nauheim
Nauheim is located in Hesse
Nauheim
Nauheim
Coordinates: 49°57′02″N 08°27′47″E / 49.95056°N 8.46306°E / 49.95056; 8.46306Coordinates: 49°57′02″N 08°27′47″E / 49.95056°N 8.46306°E / 49.95056; 8.46306
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionDarmstadt
DistrictGroß-Gerau
Government
 • MayorJan Fischer (CDU)
Area
 • Total13.77 km2 (5.32 sq mi)
Elevation
86 m (282 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total10,679
 • Density780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
64569
Dialling codes06152
Vehicle registrationGG
Websitewww.nauheim.de

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Nauheim lies 3 km northwest of the district seat of Groß-Gerau 16 km northwest of Darmstadt and 6 km southeast of Rüsselsheim. After the Second World War, many instrument makers from the Sudetenland such as W. Schreiber + Söhne found a new home in this community in the southern Frankfurt Rhein-Main Region, and helped give the place the epithet Musikgemeinde – "Music Community". It is also well known for its "Nauheimer Musiktage" ("Nauheim Music Days"), held since 1970.

Neighbouring communitiesEdit

Nauheim borders in the north on Königstädten, a constituent community of the town of Rüsselsheim, in the east on the town of Mörfelden-Walldorf, in the south on the town of Groß-Gerau and in the west on the community of Trebur.

HistoryEdit

  • Nauheim had its first documentary mention in 830-850 in the Lorsch codex.

Manufacture of SaxophonesEdit

Schreiber & Keilwerth Musikinstrumente GmbH, a firm manufacturing saxophones are based in Nauheim as of 2010.

Additionally, another saxophone manufacturer called Dörfler & Jörka was located in Nauheim between 1949 to 1968.[2] D&J had a close and complicated relationship with Keilwerth. D&J were originally employed as subcontractors for Keilwerth, making saxophone bodies and other component parts, then sending them back to the nearby Keilwerth factory for final assembly. Eventually, D&J started to manufacture their own complete saxophones (without any Keilwerth involvement) before supplying them directly to German musical instrument retailers as well as the export market. Saxophones manufactured by Dörfler & Jörka for distribution direct to retailers featured their own key mechanisms which were very closely modelled on Keilwerth designs, though not completely identical. It is important to note that D&J saxophones are not Keilwerth "stencils", but rather are nearly identical copies of Keilwerths from the same era e.g. they have rolled tone holes and are high quality, professional-grade instruments. As a result the tonal characteristics of Dörfler & Jörka saxophones are very similar to Keilwerth instruments and share the distinctive Keilwerth sound i.e. have the same "dark", "smoky", "punchy" and "woody" Keilwerth tone colours, compared to the "brighter" and more neutral sound of, say, Yamaha saxophones.[3] Not surprisingly, it can be very difficult to distinguish the sound of D&J instruments from Keilwerth-manufactured saxophones dating from the same time period e.g. the Keilwerth 'New King' and 'Tone King' models.

 
Engraving on the bell of a Dörfler & Jörka tenor saxophone
 
Rolled tone holes on the bell of a 'Roxy' tenor saxophone, made by Dörfler & Jörka in Germany circa 1955
 
Dörfler & Jörka tenor saxophone (engraved as 'Boucet') in its original case, dating from circa 1964

D&J manufactured alto and tenor saxophones exclusively. There is no evidence of soprano or baritone saxophones ever being produced by them. Unusually for a saxophone manufacturer, Dörfler & Jörka rarely had their own name engraved on their instruments. The majority of D&J saxophones were engraved with numerous different labels[4][5] including (but not limited to) the following:-

  • Boucet
  • Carl Ludwig, Carl Schiller, Clinton, Convair, Condor
  • De Villiers, Diamond
  • Gebr. Alexander Mainz
  • H.Genet, Henri Bouchet
  • Impala
  • Jubilee
  • Key Tone, King Tempo
  • La Sete Professional
  • Marcel-Doriot
  • National
  • Original Hopf Classic
  • Pierre Maure Artiste, Paragon
  • Ravoy, Rene Dumont, Rodgers, Roxy
  • Senator, Startone, Skytone, Skymaster, Symphonic
  • The National, Toneline Artist
  • Velvetone, Vitacoustic, Voss
  • Warner Concerto

Due to issues of intellectual property infringement, brand recognition and consequential loss of revenue, the Keilwerth company became increasingly aggrieved that Dörfler & Jörka were successfully copying their saxophones, which was amplified by the fact that both companies were based in the same town and had previously enjoyed a mutually beneficial business relationship. Eventually, during the late 1960s the Keilwerth company sued D&J and won their case. Dörfler & Jörka were subsequently absorbed into the Keilwerth company and production of all D&J saxophones ended by 1968.

PoliticsEdit

Municipal councilEdit

Municipal council is made up of 31 councillors, with seats apportioned thus, in accordance with municipal elections held on 6 March 2016:

Note: FLN is a citizens' coalition.

PartnershipsEdit

Culture and sightseeingEdit

The local history museum (Heimatmuseum) shows farming traditions, handicraft history, an Erzgebirge Parlour and a musical instrument department with nearly 200 instruments from various periods.

PersonalitiesEdit

Clubs and associationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2019". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ http://doctorsax.biz/dorflerjorka.htm
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-05. Retrieved 2010-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ http://bassic-sax.info/version5/vintage-saxes/european-made-saxes/dorfler-jorka/
  5. ^ http://bassic-sax.ca/blog/?tag=dorfler-jorka

External linksEdit