National University of Colombia
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The National University of Colombia (Spanish: Universidad Nacional de Colombia) is a public and national research university in Colombia, with general campuses in Bogotá, Medellín, Manizales and Palmira, and satellite campuses in Leticia, San Andrés (island), Arauca, Tumaco and La Paz, Cesar. It was established in 1867 by an act of the Congress of Colombia, and it is one of the largest universities in the country, with more than 53,000 students. It grants many academic degrees and offers 450 academic programmes, including 95 undergraduate degrees, 83 academic specializations, 40 medical specialties, 167 master's degrees, and 65 doctorates. Approximately 44,000 students are enrolled for an undergraduate degree and 8,000 for a postgraduate degree. It is also one of the few universities that employs post-doctorate fellows in the country.
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Motto in English
|Search the truth in the rooms of the academy|
|Established||September 22, 1867|
|Rector||Dolly Montoya Castaño|
|Campus||300 acres (1,214,056.9 m2), Urban|
|Colours||Green and White|
The university is a member of the Association of Colombian Universities (ASCUN), the Iberoamerican Association of Postgraduate Universities (AUIP), and the Iberoamerican University Network Universia. Along with Antioquia and Valle universities, it is part of what is known as the Golden Triangle of higher education in Colombia, being among the most selective and competitive universities in the country. The SCImago Institutions Rankings Iber by SCImago Research Group found that the National University of Colombia produced the largest number of scientific papers published in peer-refereed publications in the country, and was the 17th (14th in 2018) most prolific in Latin America. Furthermore, according to the Latin-American Web Ranking of Universities, the National University of Colombia ranks first place in internet presence in the country. It is also among the first universities in the region. Among the universities of CIVETS countries, the National University occupied second place.
The institution offers a wide selection of programmes in both undergraduate and graduate levels, such as medicine, nursing, dentistry, engineering, chemistry, pharmacy, mathematics, physics, geology, biology, psychology, social sciences, arts (music, fine arts), languages, philosophy, and law. It was the first university in Colombia to open a computer science program.
The University City of Bogotá (Spanish: Ciudad Universitaria de Bogotá), also known as the White City (Spanish: Ciudad Blanca), is the flagship University campus. It is located in the Teusaquillo locality, northwest of the historical center. It is also the largest campus in Colombia, with an extension of 1,200,000 m2 (300 acres) and a constructed area of 308,541 m2 (76.242 acres), making it an ample campus with several green areas, open spaces, and pedestrian paths. Among its buildings there are 17 which have been declared national monuments and, as a whole, it is a representation of the last 60 years of architecture in Colombia.
The campus was designed by German educationalist Fritz Karsen and architect Leopold Rother, both refugees from Nazi Germany. The construction began in 1935, under the government of Alfonso López Pumarejo. It is organized as an ellipse, divided into five parts, each containing one of the academic divisions and its respective dependencies. From an aerial view, a shape of an owl can be seen, emblematic of a deep connection with wisdom and intuitive knowledge. The buildings were constructed as prismatic blocks, and painted white, in order to give an austere and clean look.
Some landmarks in the campus are the León de Greiff Auditorium, and the Francisco de Paula Santander Plaza, also known unofficially as the "Central Plaza" or the "Ché Plaza", in honor of Ernesto el Ché Guevara. The campus has its own stadium, where sometimes matches for the Colombian Professional Football are held.
The National University of Colombia, Medellín has two campuses, the Central Campus and Campus Robledo, where 10,447 students study. This site provides approximately 29% of the seats for new students at National. Also this site has 555 faculty professors, of which 38% are doctors, 44% are master's, 8% were specialists and 10% are Professionals. This site offers 26 undergraduate and 73 graduate courses: 15 PhDs, 28 Masters, and 29 specializations.
Its history has given Medellín a peculiar character, since it was formed as most of their universities from the classical degrees of Law, Medicine, Arts and Sciences. The site grew out of engineering programs, which is why today, the Medellín has the highest number of engineering programs (17) among the campuses of the National University of Colombia and Colombia in general.
Central Campus: Located northwest of downtown, between Cerro Ecoparque the Flyer and the Medellín River. It is since 1938 the headquarters of the National University of Colombia in Medellin when the School of Tropical Agriculture (now the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences) joined the University. The Central Campus has an area of 272,982 m², the heart of Rio has an area of 31,758 m² and a portion of Cerro El Flying is around 269,257 m². Several learning centers can be found in at the campus including the Entomological Museum which was founded in 1937, the Museum of Mycology founded in 1987, the Herbarium "Gabriel Gutierrez," the wood collection, the Central Library "Efe Gomez" as an attractive artistic and architectural highlights, the Totem Mythic created by Master Pedro Nel Gomez, Block 41 declared a National Cultural, designed by Engineer Jesús Montoya Mejía which began in 1931, the Block 11 Master designed by Pedro Nel Gómez.
Campus Robledo Robledo, also called core or more colloquially as the School of Mines, is located northwest of the city of Medellin, Robledo neighborhood is composed of three fields separated by Kr 80, which presents a difficult high traffic pedestrian connection between the properties that make up the physical structure of the School of Mines, and Ingeominas, recently integrated into the University. It has an area of 100,978.69 m². In 1886, the School of Mines was created and it was incorporated with the University in 1936, which is called today as the National School of Mines with approximately 3,500 students. It highlights the Museum of Geosciences, Maximum classroom buildings (block M5) and M3 block designed by Master Pedro Nel Gomez School of Mines in 1936. Declared National Monument in 1994 thanks to its architecture and its murals by the same Pedro Nel Gómez. The University in Medellín has 5 faculties of the schools offer 25 careers, nearly half of them are engineering at the School of Mines, also has three museums and other services.
The National University of Colombia has 20 schools distributed among Bogotá, Medellín, Manizales and Palmira:
Departments in Bogotá:
- Agricultural Sciences
- Economics sciences
- Fine Arts
- Human Sciences
- Law, Social and Political Sciences
- Nursing Faculty
- Veterinary Medicine and Animal Management
- Institute of Biotechnology
- Institute of Science and Food Technology - ICTA
- Institute of Environmental Studies - IDEA-
- Institute of Studies in Communication - IECO-
- International institute of Political Studies and Relations - IEPRI-
- Genetics Institute
Museums in Bogotá Campus:
- Casa Museo Jorge Eliécer Gaitán (Jorge Eliecer Gaitan Museum)
- Museo de Arte Universidad Nacional de Colombia (National University's Art Museum)
- Museo de Arquitectura Leopoldo Rother (Leopoldo Rother Museum of Architecture)
- Museo de Historia Natural (Museum of Natural History)
- Museo de la Ciencia y el Juego (Museum of Science and Games)
- Museo Centro de Historia de la Medicina (Museum Centre of the History of Medicine)
- Museo Entomológico (Entomological Museum)
- Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (National Astronomical Observatory)
High school (for children of professors, students, and employees):
- "Arturo Ramírez Montúfar" Pedagogical Institute - IPARM-
Departments in Medellín:
- Agricultural Sciences
- Economics and Humans Sciences
Museums in Medellín Campus:
- Earth Sciences Museum
- Entomological Museum
- Mycology museum
- "Gabriel Gutiérrez" Herbarium
- Centre for Research in Extractive Metallurgy - CIMEX
- Energy Institute
- Institute for Systems and Decision Sciences
- System Institute
- Institute of Materials
- Water Institute
- Fuel Centre
- Institute of Environmental Studies - IDEA
List of rectorsEdit
- 1949-1950, Jaime Jaramillo Arango
- 1964-1965, José Félix Patiño Restrepo
- 1965, Rafael Casas Morales
- 1966-1967, Guillermo Rueda Montaña
- 1967-1969, Jorge Méndez Munevar
- 1969, Luis Forero Nogares
- 1969-1970, Enrique Carvajal Arjona
- 1970-1971, Mario Latorre Rueda
- 1971, Diego López Arango
- 1971, Miguel Hernández Cárdenas
- 1971-1972, Santiago Fonseca Martínez
- 1972, Jorge Arias De Greiff
- 1972-1974, Luis Duque Gómez
- 1974, Eduardo Cortéz Mendoza
- 1974-1975, Luis Pérez Velasco
- 1975-1976, Luis Mesa Velásquez
- 1977, Osmar Correal Cabral
- 1977-1978, Emilio Aljure Nasser
- 1978-1980, Ramsés Hakim Murad
- 1980-1982, Eduardo Brieva Bustillo
- 1982, Francisco Varela Aunjell
- 1982-1984, Fernando Sánchez Torres
- 1984-1988, Marco Palacios Rozo
- 1988-1990, Ricardo Mosquera Mesa
- 1990-1991, Darío Valencia Restrepo
- 1991-1993, Antanas Mockus Sivickas
- 1994-1997, Guillermo Páramo Rocha
- 1997-2003, Víctor Manuel Moncayo Cruz
- 2003-2005, Marco Antonio Palacios Rozo
- 2005-2006, Ramón Fayad Nafah
- 2006-2012, Moisés Wasserman Lérner
- 2012-2018, Ignacio Mantilla Prada
- 2018-2021, Dolly Montoya Castaño
Famous personalities among its alumni include:
- Jorge Eliécer Gaitán
- Fernando Botero
- Jaime Jaramillo Arango
- Fernando Vallejo
- Gabriel García Márquez
- Carlos Jacanamijoy
- Hernando Osorio
- Manuel Elkin Patarroyo
- Rodrigo Bernal
- Julio Garavito Armero
- León de Greiff
- Leopold Rother
- Totó la Momposina
- Sonny Jiménez de Tejada
- Rogelio Salmona
- Salomón Hakim
- Antanas Mockus
- Jaime Garzón
- Luis Carlos Sarmiento Angulo
- José Eustasio Rivera
- Zuleika Suarez
- Luis Villar Borda
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- "Ranking - Las universidades con más estudiantes matriculados en Colombia 2017". aulapro.co (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-04-11.
- "Postgraduates and undergraduates". estadisticaun.github.io. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
- "Universidades Afiliadas". Archived from the original on November 22, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- "Instituciones Asociadas a la AUIP". Archived from the original on 2009-10-02. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- Ordóñez Burbano, Luis A. (2007). Universidad del Valle 60 años 1945-2005: Atando cabos en clave de memoria. Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia: Universidad del Valle. p. 58. ISBN 978958-44-1844-9.
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- De-Moya-Anegón, Félix; Herrán-Páez, Estefanía; Bustos-González, Atilio; Corera-Álvarez, Elena; Tibaná-Herrera, Gerardo (2018). Ranking Iberoamericano de instituciones de educación superior. SIR Iber2018. Barcelona, España: Ediciones Profesionales de la Información SL. ISBN 978 84 09 03911 1 https://doi.org/10.3145/sir-iber-2018
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