National Radical Union

The National Radical Union (Greek: Ἐθνικὴ Ῥιζοσπαστικὴ Ἕνωσις (ΕΡΕ), Ethnikī́ Rizospastikī́ Énōsis (ERE)) was a Greek political party formed in 1956 by Konstantinos Karamanlis, mostly out of the Greek Rally party.

National Radical Union

Εθνική Ριζοσπαστική Ένωσις
PresidentKonstantinos Karamanlis (1955–1963)
Panagiotis Kanellopoulos (1963–1967)
Preceded byGreek Rally
Succeeded byNew Democracy

Popular Right

Political positionCentre-right to Right-wing[3][4][5]
European affiliationEuropean Democratic Union (associate)
International affiliationNone
Colours  Blue


ERE was a conservative, right-wing party, which also had some prominent centrist members, such as:

Karamanlis resigned from the leadership of ERE in 1963 and was succeeded by Panagiotis Kanellopoulos. The cause of Karamanlis' resignation was the hotly contested elections of 1961 (known as elections of "violence and fraud"). According to official results, ERE won the elections. But the opposition Centre Union and United Democratic Left accused the government of Karamanlis of massive fraud, did not acknowledge the result, and Centre Union's leader George Papandreou organised massive demonstrations ("uncompromising struggle") and called for new elections. Karamanlis felt gravely insulted and resigned from the Premiership and the leadership of the party. New elections were held in 1963 where ERE lost, and a year later, in 1964 which the Centre Union won with the second highest percentage in Greek history, 54 percent of the vote.

Kanellopoulos remained leader of the party until 1967, when he formed a government which did not last more than a month, as it was overthrown by the Greek military junta of 1967–1974. After 1967 ERE, like all political parties, was outlawed. It was never reformed. Karamanlis formed a new party in 1974, New Democracy, which he himself described as being somewhat more moderate than the ERE.

Electoral historyEdit

Hellenic Parliament electionsEdit

Hellenic Parliament
Election Party Leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1956 Konstantinos Karamanlis 1,594,112 47.4%
165 / 300
  82   2nd Government
1958 Konstantinos Karamanlis 1,583,885 41.2%
171 / 300
  6   1st Government
1961 Konstantinos Karamanlis 2,347,824 50.8%
176 / 300
  5   1st Government
1963 Konstantinos Karamanlis 1,837,377 39.4%
132 / 300
  44   2nd Opposition
1964 Panagiotis Kanellopoulos 1,621,546 35.3%
107 / 300
  27   2nd Opposition


  1. ^ Clogg, Richard (1992), A Concise History of Greece (Second ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 159
  2. ^ Charalambis, Dimitris; Maratou-Alipranti, Laura; Hadjiyanni, Andromachi (2004), Recent Social Trends in Greece, 1960-2000, McGill-Queen's University Press, p. 10
  3. ^ Calogeopoulos, Andreas (2004), "The Hellenic Republic", Constitutional Law of 15 EU Member States, Kluwer, p. 374
  4. ^ Verney, Susannah (1990), "To be or not to be within the European Community: the party debate and democratic consolidation in Greece", Securing Democracy: Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe, Routledge, p. 206
  5. ^ Charalambis, Dimitris; Maratou-Alipranti, Laura; Hadjiyanni, Andromachi (2004), Recent Social Trends in Greece, 1960-2000, McGill-Queen's University Press, p. 370