Naila is a town in the Frankenwald hills, in the Hof district of Bavaria. Naila is situated some 18 km from the larger city of Hof. It is situated on both banks of the Selbitz river.

Naila
Naila
Naila
Coat of arms of Naila
Coat of arms
Location of Naila within Hof district
Naila in HO.svg
Naila is located in Germany
Naila
Naila
Naila is located in Bavaria
Naila
Naila
Coordinates: 50°19′N 11°41′E / 50.317°N 11.683°E / 50.317; 11.683Coordinates: 50°19′N 11°41′E / 50.317°N 11.683°E / 50.317; 11.683
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberfranken
DistrictHof
Government
 • MayorFrank Stumpf (FW)
Area
 • Total37.05 km2 (14.31 sq mi)
Elevation
512 m (1,680 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total7,684
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
95119
Dialling codes09282
Vehicle registrationHO
Websitewww.naila.de
Naila: The Church of the Transfiguration

HistoryEdit

The earliest documentation of Naila dates at 1.9.1343. The first settlements in the area around Naila probably happened between the 12th and 14th century. The name Naila first appeared as "Neulins" (and variations thereof), has its origins most likely in the meaning "Small new settlement", naila reem taraf and sherifa.

Up until 1972 it was the seat of the then district of Naila. The village of Marxgrün incorporated to Naila in 1978.[citation needed]

After World War II, the Iron Curtain, just 8 km north of Naila, cut off a large part of the market for the local industries. In 1979, the town was the landing site of the Strelzyk and Wetzel families' famous homemade hot-air balloon escape from East Germany.[2]

MayorsEdit

  • 1906–1919: Wilhelm Hagen
  • 1919–1926: Heinrich Kanzler
  • 1926–1933: Julius Borger
  • 1933-1933: Ludwig Wunner
  • 1933–1945: Karl Jakob Schmidt
  • 1945–1945: Georg Fugmann
  • 1945–1948: Heinrich Lang senior
  • 1948–1952: Christian Schlicht
  • 1952–1953: Georg Fugmann
  • 1953–1956: Karl Otto Zander
  • 1956–1959: Hilmar Jahn
  • 1960–1964: Fritz Jahn
  • 1964–1968: Hans Künzel
  • 1968–1972: Albin Bischoff
  • 1972–1996: Robert Strobel
  • 1996–2001: Hannsjürgen Lommer
  • 2001- : Frank Stumpf

Population developmentEdit

The numbers are with the incorporated districts.

Year Inhabitants
1840 4357
1871 4549
1900 5201
1925 6336
1939 6955
Year Inhabitants
1950 10090
1956 9668
1960 9522
1965 9829
1970 9821
Year Inhabitants
1975 9631
1980 9217
1985 8675
1990 8893
1995 9037
Year Inhabitants
2000 8547
2005 8410
2010 8071
2015 7640

PersonalitiesEdit

  • Hans-Peter Friedrich (born 1957), jurist, CSU politician, Member of Bundestag since 1998, Federal Ministry of the Interior 2011-2013

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ "Homemade balloon carries 8 to freedom". The Prescott Courier. 17 September 1979.