The N Broadway Express[2] is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored yellow, since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.[3]

"N" train symbol
Broadway Express
Subway by Niederkasseler - panoramio.jpg
An N train of R160Bs approaching 30th Avenue
Map of the "N" train
Note: Dashed red line shows late night service via the Montague Street Tunnel. Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to/from 96th Street.
Northern end
Southern endConey Island–Stillwell Avenue
Stations28 (weekdays)
32 (weekends)
45 (late night service)
22 (limited service)
Rolling stock(N/W shared) 24 R68s (3 trains)
8 R68As (1 train)
290 R160A/Bs (29 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
DepotConey Island Yard
Started serviceJune 22, 1915; 104 years ago (1915-06-22)
Route map

Down arrow  N  W 
Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard
Astoria Boulevard (December 2019)
30th Avenue
36th Avenue
39th Avenue
Queensboro Plaza
Lexington Avenue–59th Street
Fifth Avenue–59th Street
Down arrow  Q 
( N   R  limited rush)
96th Street
86th Street
72nd Street
Lexington Avenue–63rd Street
57th Street–Seventh Avenue
49th Street
(Handicapped/disabled access northbound)
Times Square–42nd Street
"N" train
switches to express
tracks during weekdays
34th Street–Herald Square Port Authority Trans-Hudson
28th Street
23rd Street
14th Street–Union Square
Eighth Street–New York University
Prince Street
"N" train
daytime via Manhattan Bridge
late nights via Lower Manhattan
Canal Street
City Hall
Cortlandt Street
Rector Street
Whitehall Street–South Ferry Staten Island Ferry
Up arrow  W  weekdays
(Down arrow  R  late nights)
no regular service via Nassau Street
Montague Tunnel
Court Street
Jay Street–MetroTech
DeKalb Avenue
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center MTA NYC logo.svg
Union Street
Ninth Street
Prospect Avenue
25th Street
36th Street
45th Street
53rd Street
59th Street
Eighth Avenue
Fort Hamilton Parkway
New Utrecht Avenue
18th Avenue
20th Avenue
Bay Parkway
Kings Highway
Avenue U
86th Street
Up arrow  W 
(limited rush hours)
Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Up arrow
 D   F   <F>   Q 

Lines used by the "N" train and "W" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "N" train and "W" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The N operates at all times between Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn. The N uses the BMT Astoria Line in Queens, the south side of the Manhattan Bridge, and BMT Fourth Avenue Line and BMT Sea Beach Line in Brooklyn. North of 57th Street, limited rush hour service operates via the Second Avenue Subway to and from 96th Street on the Upper East Side, Manhattan, instead of Queens. During the daytime on weekdays, the N runs express between 34th Street–Herald Square in Manhattan and 59th Street in Brooklyn and local elsewhere. Local service in Manhattan is provided by the W, which is internally staffed and scheduled as part of the N.[4] Weekend daytime service is the same as weekday service, except that it operates local in Manhattan between 34th and Canal Streets. During late nights, the N makes local stops along its entire route and uses the Montague Street Tunnel to travel between Manhattan and Brooklyn.

The N was originally the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation's 4 service, running along the BMT Sea Beach Line to the Manhattan Bridge. The 4 used the BMT Nassau Street Line in Lower Manhattan from 1915 to 1917, after which it ran express on the BMT Broadway Line. The 4 became the N in 1961. The N ran local in Queens along the IND Queens Boulevard Line to Forest Hills–71st Avenue from 1976 until 1987, when it switched terminals with the R. From 1986 to 2004, reconstruction on the Manhattan Bridge forced the N to run local on the Broadway Line via the Montague Street Tunnel.

Service historyEdit

Original designation for the Sea Beach Line

Before 1970Edit

The route that is now the N was originally BMT service 4, known as the Sea Beach Line or Sea Beach Express.[5]

On June 22, 1915, the current BMT Sea Beach Line opened, replacing a street level "el" that branched off of the Fifth Avenue El with the former BMT West End Line. Originally, it used the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge, which at that time connected to the BMT Nassau Street Line.[6][7]

On September 4, 1917, the first part of the BMT Broadway Line and the north side tracks of the Manhattan Bridge opened. Trains ran from 14th Street–Union Square to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue, now using the bridge's northern tracks.[6][8]

On January 15, 1918, service was extended to Times Square–42nd Street.[6]

On May 2, 1957, service was extended north via the express tracks to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue.[6]

In 1959, trains began stopping at DeKalb Avenue during midday hours. Previously, they bypassed DeKalb Avenue at all times except late nights.

Beginning on January 1, 1961, trains bypassed DeKalb Avenue during rush hours only. In addition, on weekday evenings, late nights, and all day Sundays, they ran local on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line.

The N designation began to appear when R27 subway cars were moved to the service in April 1961.[5][6]

Poster advertising a new NX service
Poster advertising the NX service's discontinuation

The NX designation was used for a rush hour peak-direction "super-express" service along the express tracks of the Sea Beach Line, beginning at Brighton Beach on the BMT Brighton Line, running through Coney Island, and then following the N route to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue. This short-lived service began on November 27, 1967 (when the Chrystie Street Connection opened)[9] and ended April 12, 1968 due to low ridership. Starting on Monday, April 15, 1968, the five NX trips instead ran as N trips.[5][6][10]


On August 30, 1976, weekday N service was extended north over the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection to Forest Hills–71st Avenue to replace the discontinued EE. While many N trains ran the full route from Coney Island to 71st Avenue, via the Manhattan Bridge and Broadway Express, some trains ran local during the rush hours only between Whitehall Street–South Ferry in Lower Manhattan and Forest Hills–71st Avenue, which had been the former EE route.[5][6][11]

On August 27, 1977, N service was cut back during late nights, only operating between 36th Street and Coney Island.[12]


Reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 disrupted N service, usually rerouting it via the Montague Street Tunnel. On April 26, 1986, the north side tracks (leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line) were closed and services that normally ran on them were moved to the south side, running via the BMT Broadway Line. Because of the large amount of train traffic now running on those tracks, rush hour and midday N service was rerouted via the Montague Street Tunnel, making local stops in Manhattan (at all times) and Brooklyn, though evening, night and weekend trains continued to use the bridge and express tracks in Brooklyn.[5][6] The M, which was rerouted from the BMT Brighton Line to the BMT West End Line, replaced the N as the weekday express on the Fourth Avenue Line.[6][13]

On May 24, 1987, the N swapped northern terminals with the R. The N was switched to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard, while the R went to Forest Hills–71st Avenue.[14]:16 This was done to give the R direct access to Jamaica Yard; previously, the N had direct access to both Jamaica Yard and Coney Island Yard, and the R, running from Bay Ridge to Astoria, lacked direct access to either yard.[6][15] This change was intended to improve the appearance and reliability of service on the R, since all trains on the Astoria and Broadway Lines were part of the graffiti-free program.[14]:16

When the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the south side was closed on December 11, 1988, the N began running local in Manhattan and via the Montague Tunnel at all times; In order to replace B service to Ditmars Boulevard, additional N service was provided during rush hours. Trains continued to run express in Brooklyn between Pacific Street and 59th Street/Fourth Avenue evenings and weekends.[5][16][17]

The Transit Authority and politicians pressured the New York State Department of Transportation to resume N train service on the bridge's south side on September 30, 1990, despite warnings from engineers that the structure was unsafe and major repairs still had to be made. Trains ran express on Broadway in Manhattan (stopping at 49th Street) and Fourth Avenue in Brooklyn at all times except late nights. On December 27, state inspectors forced N service to be rerouted via the Montague Street Tunnel again after discovery of corroded support beams and missing steel plates, running local on its entire route at all times.[18][6]


On May 31, 1994, the N began running express in Brooklyn between Pacific Street and 59th Street/Fourth Avenue during weekday midday and rush hours, with the M running local during those times.[19][6][20]

From 1994 to May 22, 1995, the southern terminal of the N was 86th Street due to rehabilitation work at Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue.[21] On November 4, 2001, it was cut back again as the terminal's reconstruction project continued.[6]

From April 30, 1995 to November 12, 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed during weekday midday and weekends for structural repairs. Midday N service ran local in Brooklyn, replacing the M, which was cut back from 9th Avenue to Chambers Street. The N continued to run express during rush hours.[22][23][24]


After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Broadway Line service through Lower Manhattan was suspended; N service was also suspended and replaced by the W in Manhattan and Queens and the M in Brooklyn. On October 28, N service was restored, but Cortlandt Street remained closed until September 15, 2002.[25]

On September 8, 2002, because of the ongoing reconstruction of Coney Island terminal, weekend and late night N service was reduced to a shuttle between 86th and Pacific Streets, running express on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. In its place, the W was extended to Manhattan and Astoria, Queens at all times; this was because the W was the only route still serving Stillwell Avenue during this part of the reconstruction.[6][26][27]

On February 22, 2004, the Manhattan Bridge work was finally completed. The N returned to its full route in Manhattan and Queens at all times, and returned to using the Manhattan Bridge at all times except nights (via Fourth Avenue express, bypassing DeKalb Avenue). On weekdays, N trains ran express between 34th Street in Manhattan and 59th Street/Fourth Avenue in Brooklyn via the Manhattan Bridge, and local elsewhere; several trains ran express on the entire Broadway Line and short-turned at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue or Times Square during the AM rush hour. On weekends, it makes local stops in Manhattan, but express in Brooklyn, using the bridge. During late nights, it runs local along its entire route via the Montague Street Tunnel, replacing the R train.[5][6][28][29]

On May 29, 2005, the new Stillwell Avenue terminal was completed, and N service between 86th Street and Coney Island was restored.[6][30]

On June 28, 2010, the N began running local in Manhattan north of Canal Street at all times, replacing the W on weekdays which was discontinued due to budget problems, effectively adopting the weekend service pattern.[31][32] However, the handful of short-turn N trains continued to run express in Manhattan.[33][34][35][36]


From August 2, 2013 to September 14, 2014, the Montague Street Tunnel was closed for Hurricane Sandy-related repairs. During this time, overnight N service was rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge, skipping six stations it normally served.[5][37]

On November 7, 2016, the MTA restored the BMT Broadway Line services to their 2004-2010 service pattern in preparation for the rerouting of the Q train to the Second Avenue Subway. As a result, the N train once again became a weekday express between 34th Street–Herald Square and Canal Street, with local service replaced by the restored W train.[38][39][40] The MTA approved the service change on May 23, 2016.[41][42] All short-turn N trains that originally terminated at 57th Street-Seventh Avenue were extended to 96th Street-Second Avenue on January 3, 2017 following the opening of the Second Avenue Subway.[4][43][44][45]

In January 2017, the MTA revealed plans to rehabilitate the tunnel structure above the BMT Fourth Avenue Line's express tracks between 36th Street and 59th Street. As a result, from July 30, 2018 to July 29, 2019, N trains ran local along that section at all times.[46][47][48][49] Between October 21, 2019 and spring 2020, N trains will terminate at 86th Street so work can be completed to protect Coney Island Yard from flooding. An out-of-system transfer will be available between the N at 86th Street and the F at Avenue X station.[50]


Service patternEdit

The following table shows the lines used by the N, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[51]

Line From To Tracks Times
rush hours week­days week­ends late nights
IND Second Avenue Line 96th Street 72nd Street all Limited service
BMT 63rd Street Line (full line) Lexington Avenue–63rd Street all
BMT Astoria Line (full line) Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard Queensboro Plaza local Most trains  
60th Street Tunnel all
BMT Broadway Line (full line) Lexington Avenue/59th Street Times Square–42nd Street local
57th Street–Seventh Avenue express Limited service      
34th Street–Herald Square Canal Street    
City Hall Whitehall Street–South Ferry all
Manhattan Bridge south        
Montague Street Tunnel all      
BMT Fourth Avenue Line Court Street Jay Street–MetroTech all
DeKalb Avenue tunnel
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center 59th Street/Fourth Avenue express
BMT Sea Beach Line (full line) Eighth Avenue Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue local


For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.[2]

Station service legend
  Stops all times
  Stops all times except late nights
  Stops late nights only
  Stops late nights and weekends only
  Stops weekdays only
  Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
  Station closed
  Stops rush hours only (limited service)
Time period details
  Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
  ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
  Elevator access to mezzanine only
Stations   Subway transfers Connections and denotes
Second Avenue Line (limited rush hour service only)[43][52]
N/A   96th Street   Q   M15 Select Bus Service
  86th Street   Q  R   M15 Select Bus Service
M86 Select Bus Service
  72nd Street   Q  R   M15 Select Bus Service
63rd Street Line (limited rush hour service only)[52]
N/A   Lexington Avenue–63rd Street   F  ​ ​Q  R  
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard:
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 59th Street)
N  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line at Lexington Avenue/59th Street)
Astoria Line
  N/A Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard W  
  Astoria Boulevard W   M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Station is closed during renovations until December 2019.
  30th Avenue W  
  Broadway W  
  36th Avenue W  
  39th Avenue W  
  Queensboro Plaza W  
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
Broadway Line
  N/A Lexington Avenue/59th Street R  W  
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F   <F>  M  N  Q  R   (63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
  Fifth Avenue–59th Street R  W  
Broadway Line (Astoria and Second Avenue branches merge)
    57th Street–Seventh Avenue   Q  R  W  
  | 49th Street   ↑ Q  R  W   Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only.
    Times Square–42nd Street   Q  R  W  
1  2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
A  C  E   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
S   (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
    34th Street–Herald Square   Q  R  W  
B  D  F   <F>  M   (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
  | 28th Street Q  R  
  | 23rd Street Q  R   M23 Select Bus Service
    14th Street–Union Square   Q  R  W  
L   (BMT Canarsie Line)
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
M14A / M14D Select Bus Service
  | Eighth Street–New York University Q  R  
  | Prince Street Q  R  
Manhattan Bridge Branch
    Canal Street–Broadway   Q  R  W  
6   <6>  ​ (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J  Z   (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the lower level, under Canal Street.
Lower Manhattan Branch (night service only)
  N/A Canal Street   Q  
4  6   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J   (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the upper level, under Broadway.
  City Hall
  Cortlandt Street   2   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
A   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
E   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
PATH at World Trade Center
  Rector Street
  Whitehall Street–South Ferry   R  
1   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) at South Ferry
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Montague Street Branch
  N/A Court Street   R  
2   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) at Borough Hall
4   (IRT Eastern Parkway Line) at Borough Hall
  Jay Street–MetroTech   R  
A   F   <F>  ​ (IND Fulton Street and Culver Lines)
  | DeKalb Avenue   D   ​​Q  R  
Fourth Avenue Line (tunnel and bridge branches merge)
    Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center   D  R   W  
B  Q   (BMT Brighton Line)
2  3  4  5   (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
  | Union Street D   ​​R  
  | Ninth Street D   ​​R  
F  G   (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
  | Prospect Avenue D   ​​R  
  | 25th Street D   ​​R  
    36th Street D  R   W  
  | 45th Street R  
  | 53rd Street R  
    59th Street/Fourth Avenue R  W  
Sea Beach Line
    Eighth Avenue W  
    Fort Hamilton Parkway W  
    New Utrecht Avenue   W  
D   (BMT West End Line at 62nd Street)
    18th Avenue W  
    20th Avenue W  
    Bay Parkway W  
    Kings Highway W   B82 Select Bus Service
    Avenue U W  
    86th Street W   Some southbound a.m. rush hour trips terminate at this station.
Some northbound rush hour trips begin at this station.
    Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue   D   (BMT West End Line)
F   <F>  ​ (IND Culver Line)
Q   (BMT Brighton Line)



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External linksEdit