NGC 4565 (also known as the Needle Galaxy or Caldwell 38) is an edge-on spiral galaxy about 30 to 50 million light-years away in the constellation Coma Berenices.[2] It lies close to the North Galactic Pole and has a visual magnitude of approximately 10. It is known as the Needle Galaxy for its narrow profile.[4] First recorded in 1785 by William Herschel, it is a prominent example of an edge-on spiral galaxy.[5]

NGC 4565
Needle Galaxy 4565.jpeg
NGC 4565 or Needle Galaxy by Ken Crawford
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
ConstellationComa Berenices
Right ascension 12h 36m 20.8s[1]
Declination+25° 59′ 16″[1]
Helio radial velocity1230 ± 5 km/s[1]
Distance42.7 ± 12 Mly (13.1 ± 3.7 Mpc)[2]
53 ± 4 Mly (16.2 ± 1.3 Mpc)[3]
Apparent magnitude (V)10.42[1]
Apparent size (V)15′.90 × 1′.85[1]
Other designations
UGC 7772,[1] PGC 42038,[1] Caldwell 38
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies


NGC 4565 is a giant spiral galaxy more luminous than the Andromeda Galaxy.[6] Much speculation exists in literature as to the nature of the central bulge. In the absence of clear-cut dynamical data on the motions of stars in the bulge, the photometric data alone cannot adjudge among various options put forth. However, its exponential shape suggested that it is a barred spiral galaxy.[7] Studies with the help of the Spitzer Space Telescope not only confirmed the presence of a central bar but also showed a pseudobulge within it as well as an inner ring.[8]

NGC 4565 has at least two satellite galaxies, one of which is interacting with it.[9] It has a population of roughly 240 globular clusters, more than the Milky Way.[6]

NGC 4565 is one of the brightest[10] member galaxies of the Coma I Group.[11][10]

A detailed view of part of the disc of the spiral galaxy NGC 4565 imaged by the Hubble Space Telescope.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Results for NGC 4565". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database. Retrieved 2006-10-12.
  2. ^ a b "Distance Results for NGC 4565". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
  3. ^ Jensen, Joseph B.; Tonry, John L.; Barris, Brian J.; Thompson, Rodger I.; et al. (February 2003). "Measuring Distances and Probing the Unresolved Stellar Populations of Galaxies Using Infrared Surface Brightness Fluctuations". Astrophysical Journal. 583 (2): 712–726. arXiv:astro-ph/0210129. Bibcode:2003ApJ...583..712J. doi:10.1086/345430.
  4. ^ "NGC4565 at".
  5. ^ Spiral Galaxy NGC 4565 at
  6. ^ a b Globular Cluster Systems in Galaxies Beyond the Local Group
  7. ^ "Intermediate-band surface photometry of the edge-on galaxy NGC 4565".
  8. ^ Detection of a Distinct Pseudobulge Hidden Inside the ``Box-Shaped Bulge of NGC 4565
  9. ^ HALOGAS: H I Observations and Modeling of the Nearby Edge-on Spiral Galaxy NGC 4565
  10. ^ a b "Webb Deep-Sky Society: Galaxy of the Month: NGC4565". Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  11. ^ Gregory, Stephen A.; Thompson, Laird A. (April 1977). "The Coma i Galaxy Cloud". The Astrophysical Journal. 213: 345–350. Bibcode:1977ApJ...213..345G. doi:10.1086/155160. ISSN 0004-637X.

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