National Academic Quiz Tournaments
National Academic Quiz Tournaments, LLC is a question-writing and quiz bowl tournament-organizing company founded by former players in 1996. It is unique among U.S. quiz organizations for supplying questions and hosting championships at the middle school, high school, and college levels. NAQT operates out of Shawnee, Kansas and Minneapolis–Saint Paul.
|Limited liability company|
|R. Robert Hentzel (President)|
Seth Teitler (Chief Editor)
|Services||Question writing, tournament organizing|
The company mostly writes practice questions and questions for high school and middle school invitational tournaments, as well as for some game shows. Its involvement in college quiz bowl is mostly restricted to sectional tournaments and the Intercollegiate Championship Tournament.
At the college levelEdit
The ICT is divided into divisions, unlike ACF Nationals, so that a clear undergraduate champion is determined (all formats allow graduate students to compete in some form).
Division I OverallEdit
NAQT's eligibility rules state that any student taking at least three credit hours towards a degree at a university may compete on that university's team, and indeed may not compete independently if such a team exists. If no program exists at their university's campus, they may compete on the team for another campus of the same university, with the provision that they must leave that team should their home campus organize a program.
If any member of the team has an undergraduate degree, the team competes in the Division I competition, and is only eligible for the open championship (i.e. the overall championship).
Division I UndergraduateEdit
At Sectional Championship Tournaments (SCTs) and the Intercollegiate Championship Tournament (ICT), teams that do not meet the Division II requirements play together. However, awards are given, including bids to the ICT, for the top undergraduate team. A team is eligible for the undergraduate championship if all members of the team are undergraduate students, and none of them have played in four years of NAQT collegiate competition prior to the current year. The undergraduate championship was first awarded in 1998.
Also introduced in 1998, Division II is intended to give first- and second-year students an opportunity to compete against other players and teams of the same level of experience. The rules of Division II eligibility are that one must be eligible for DI Undergraduate (i.e. no degree, and less than four years of experience), and in no year prior qualified for or participated in ICT.
Exceptions to the eligibility rules have been granted to deal with special circumstances in past years; however, as they are controversial when they occur, they do not occur often.
Two-year colleges usually compete in separate SCTs each February (it is permitted, but rare, for teams from these schools to compete in DI). Eight teams qualify for the Division II ICT, where they compete alongside other DII teams in a manner analogous to that of DI Undergraduate teams. However, students at two-year colleges are exempt from the DII eligibility restrictions. In fact, they have three years of eligibility at the DII level.
|Year||Host / Location||Division I Overall||Division I Undergraduate||Division II Overall||Division II Community College|
|2002||North Carolina||Michigan||Princeton||Yale||Valencia CC|
|2003||UCLA and Caltech||Chicago||Harvard||California||Valencia CC|
|2005||Tulane||Michigan||VCU||Chicago||Faulkner St CC|
|2006||Maryland||California||Williams College||Stanford||Broward CC|
|2009||Dallas, Texas||Chicago||Minnesota[Note 1]||Chicago||Northeast Alabama CC|
|2010||Chicago, Illinois||Chicago[Note 1]||Minnesota||Brown||St. Charles CC|
|2011||Chicago, Illinois||Minnesota[Note 1]||VCU[Note 1]||Yale||Chipola|
|2012 ||Chicago, Illinois||Virginia||Ohio State[Note 2]||Harvard||Chipola|
|2013||Chicago, Illinois||Yale||Ohio State||Stanford||Chipola|
|2014||Chicago, Illinois||Virginia||Yale||Harvard||Valencia CC|
|2015||Atlanta, Georgia||Virginia||Maryland||Texas||State College-Manatee|
|2019||Chicago, Illinois||Yale||Michigan State||Maryland||De Anza|
- Though Harvard had initially won these titles, NAQT vacated their wins in 2013 after Harvard player Andy Watkins was found to have had unauthorized access to the questions prior to the tournaments.
- MIT had initially won the 2012 ICT DI Undergraduate title, but their win was vacated after MIT player Joshua Alman was found to have had unauthorized access to the questions prior to the tournament.
At the high school levelEdit
Teams qualify to the High School National Championship Tournament through a variety of methods. Most commonly, a team qualifies by finishing in the top 15% of the field at a tournament that uses NAQT questions. If a school wants to send more than one team to nationals, the school must qualify all said teams at the same time during a single tournament.
The small school award is given to a public school with a non-selective admissions policy and less than 500 students in grades 10 through 12. Up until and including 2013, the small school champion was decided on a playoff between top finishing teams at the High School National Championship Tournament. Since 2014, a separate national championship tournament has been held for small schools.
Since 2018, NAQT has also run the Individual Player National Championship (IPNCT). The IPNCT format is different from that of other NAQT national championship tournament, with players first competing in "group matches" which 8-10 players where they hear 48 or 72 ICT Division II tossups. After the group matches, top players compete in an elimination tournament whose games are 24-tossup head-to-head match-ups. Unlike the High School National Championship Tournament and Small School National Championship Tournament, competitors do not need to qualify to the Individual Player National Tournament.
On March 11, 2020, NAQT announced that the 2020 IPNCT would be cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. On April 2, 2020, NAQT announced that the 2020 HSNCT would be cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
|1999||Norman, Oklahoma||Detroit Catholic Central||Walton||Brookwood A||N/A|
|2000||Atlanta, Georgia||State College A||Maggie Walker A||Eleanor Roosevelt||N/A|
|2001||Ann Arbor, Michigan||Detroit Catholic Central||Detroit Country Day||State College A||N/A|
|2002||Austin, Texas||St. John's School||Irmo||Detroit Catholic Central||Kent City|
|2003||Myrtle Beach, South Carolina||Thomas Jefferson A||Dorman A||St. John's||Cutter–Morning Star|
|2004||Houston, Texas||Thomas Jefferson A||Maggie Walker||St. John's A||Cutter–Morning Star|
|2005||Chicago, Illinois||Thomas Jefferson A||Lakeside||State College A||Danville|
|2006||Chicago, Illinois||Richard Montgomery||State College A||Maggie Walker A||Danville|
|2007||Chicago, Illinois||Maggie Walker A||State College A||Thomas Jefferson A||Danville|
|2008||Chicago, Illinois||Thomas Jefferson A||Charter School of Wilmington A||Walt Whitman A||Russell|
|2009||Chicago, Illinois||Charter School of Wilmington A||Dorman A||State College A||Ottawa Hills|
|2010||Chicago, Illinois||Maggie Walker||State College A||LASA A||South Range|
|2011||Atlanta, Georgia||State College A||LASA A||Bellarmine||George Mason|
|2012||Atlanta, Georgia||Bellarmine A||Detroit Catholic Central A||LASA A||Beachwood|
|2013||Atlanta, Georgia||LASA A||Ladue A||Loyola||Macomb|
|2014||Chicago, Illinois||LASA A||St. John's A||LASA B||Hallsville|
|2015||Chicago, Illinois||Arcadia A||LASA A||Detroit Catholic Central A||Harmony Science North Austin|
|2016||Dallas, Texas||Hunter A||Thomas Jefferson A||Detroit Catholic Central A||Advanced Math & Science|
|2017||Atlanta, Georgia||Hunter A||Detroit Catholic Central A||Naperville North||Glasgow and St. Mark's|
|2018||Atlanta, Georgia||Plano West A||Hunter A||LASA A||Glasgow and Early College at Guilford|
|2019||Atlanta, Georgia||Beavercreek||University Lab||Chattahoochee A||Glasgow and Miami Valley|
Winners of NAQT Individual Player National Championship Tournament, High School Division Edit
|2018||Chicago, Illinois||Jack Lewis (Battle Ground Academy)||Maximilian Shatan (Bard High School Early College Manhattan)||Tora Husar (Wayzata High School)||Govind Prabhakar (Adlai E. Stevenson High School)|
|2019||Chicago, Illinois||Ethan Strombeck (Auburn High School)||Hari Parameswaran (Beavercreek High School)||Alexander Pyle (Troy High School)||Matthew Siff (Georgetown Day School)|
At the middle school levelEdit
For the 2010–2011 academic year, NAQT has introduced a program for middle school. A corresponding middle school national championship, the MSNCT, was held in 2011 in Chicago. Similarly to HSNCT, qualifying teams for MSNCT have a variety of methods to qualify, but the most common method is to finish in the top 15% of field of teams that uses NAQT questions. If a school wants to qualify multiple teams, they must all qualify at the same tournament. Any teams that are eligible for MSNCT that qualify for HSNCT have also qualified for MSNCT.
The Individual Player National Championship Tournament has also had a middle school division since 2019. The format of the middle school division of the IPNCT is the same as that of the high school division, but the middle school division uses tossups written at the same difficulty of NAQT's Invitational Series for playoff rounds.
In 2019, NAQT started using question packets with a difficulty “similar to those in NAQT’s Regular Invitation Series sets,” for playoff rounds of MSNCT.
|2011||Chicago, Illinois||Kealing A||Barrington-Station A||Longfellow|
|2012||Chicago, Illinois||Kealing A||Longfellow A||Westminster A|
|2013||Chicago, Illinois||Barrington-Station A||Kealing A||Mesa Verde|
|2014||Atlanta, Georgia||Harmony Excellence-Houston||St. Mark's||Trickum|
|2015||Dallas, Texas||Kealing A||T. H. Rogers A||River Trail A|
|2016||Atlanta, Georgia||Middlesex A||Longfellow A||Challenger-Ardenwood|
|2017||Dallas, Texas||Aptakisic||Mounds Park||Middlesex A|
|2018||Chicago, Illinois||Pi-oneers[Note 1]||BASIS Silicon Valley A||Longfellow A|
|2019||Chicago, Illinois||Hunter A||Churchill A||Hopkins|
|2019||Chicago, Illinois||Arin Parsa (Challenger School, Almaden)||Rohan Ganeshan (Quest Academy)||Pareekshith Krishna (William Hopkins Junior High School)||Elliott Lee (Longfellow Middle School)|
- Home-school collective from Cupertino, California
Various NAQT employees and former NAQT players have appeared on the game show Jeopardy! Over 30 NAQT players or employees have participated on the show, including 17 who qualified for the Ultimate Tournament of Champions, including two finalists, Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings. Jennings writes questions and edits the literature and mythology categories for NAQT. Due to the success of these players, adults trying out must now declare any affiliation to NAQT or quizbowl on their information sheet.
In 2006, competitors in the High School National Championship Tournament were given the opportunity to audition for the Jeopardy! Teen Tournament and the Jeopardy! College Championship. Ben Schenkel of Moravian Academy (Allentown, Pennsylvania) qualified for the Teen Tournament at this tryout, and finished as the tournament's first runner-up. Meryl Federman of Livingston High School (Livingston, New Jersey) qualified for the second edition of the teen tournament, called the Jeopardy! Teen Tournament Summer Games, and won.
Buzzword is a virtual single-player competition created as a substitute for regular NAQT competitions during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Games usually involve players listening to audio questions read by a narrarator. Buzzword has 3 divisions (A,B,C) each for Middle School,High School,College,and Open leagues.Buzzword frequently has special tournaments often dedicated to one subject.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "NAQT | Qualifying for the ICT". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
- "NAQT | Community College Championship Tournament". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
- "NAQT | 2020 Intercollegiate Championship Tournament: Canceled". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
- "NAQT | Past ICT Winners". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
- "NAQT | 2018 Individual Player National Championship Tournament Logistics Information". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- "NAQT | 2020 Individual Player National Championship Tournament Logistics Information". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- "NAQT | Individual Player National Championship Tournament". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- "NAQT | 2020 High School National Championship Tournament: Canceled". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
- "NAQT | Past HSNCT Winners". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
- "NAQT | 2018 IPNCT Results | Overall Standings". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- "NAQT | 2019 IPNCT Results | Overall Standings". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- "NAQT | 2019 Middle School National Championship Tournament Logistics Information". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
- "NAQT | Middle School National Championship Tournament". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
- "NAQT | Past MSNCT Winners". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
- "NAQT | 2019 IPNCT Results | Overall Standings". www.naqt.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- NAQT. "Buzzword". NAQT.com. NAQT. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
- NQT. "Buzzword-Film special". NAQT.com. NAQT. Retrieved 2020-11-14.