In Greek mythology, Myrmidon (/ˈmɜːrmɪdən/[1]or /ˈmɜːrmɪdɒn/[2]; Ancient Greek: Μυρμιδόνος) was the eponymous ancestor of the Myrmidons in one version of the myth.[3]

FamilyEdit

Myrmidon was the son of Zeus and Eurymedusa,[4][5] daughter of Cleitor (Cletor) of Arcadia[6][7] or of the river god Achelous.[8][9]

Myrmidon married Peisidice, daughter of Aeolus and Enarete, and by her became the father of Antiphus and Actor.[10] Also given as his sons are Erysichthon[11] and Dioplethes, himself father of Perieres,[12] although Erysichthon and Perieres have been ascribed different parentage as well. He also had two daughters: Eupolemeia (mother of the Argonaut Aethalides by Hermes)[13][14] and Hiscilla (mother of Phorbas by Triopas).[15]

MythologyEdit

Zeus was said to have approached Eurymedusa in the form of an ant (Greek μύρμηξ myrmēx), which was where her son's name came from; others say that Myrmex was the name of Eurymedusa's mortal husband, and that it was his shape that Zeus assumed to approach her.[16]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Wright, Thomas (1992). Comprehensive Dictionary of the World, Volume 1, Part 2. Mittal Publications. p. 1099. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  2. ^ Manser, Martin H.; Pickering, David (2003). The Facts On File Dictionary of Classical and Biblical Allusions. Facts On File. p. 253. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  3. ^ Hellanicus in Fragmenta historicorum Graecorum, vol. 1, 48, 17
  4. ^ Eustathius on Iliad, 113. 1 & 320. 42
  5. ^ Eratosthenes in Servius on Aeneid, 2. 7
  6. ^ Clement of Alexandria, Protrepticus, 1. p.41 (p. 34)
  7. ^ Arnobius, Adversus Nationes, 4. 26
  8. ^ Clement of Alexandria, Recognitions, 10. 22
  9. ^ Pseudo-Clement, Homilia, 5. 13
  10. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, 1.7.3
  11. ^ Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 10.9b
  12. ^ Scholia on Homer, Iliad, 16. 177
  13. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 54
  14. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 14
  15. ^ Hyginus, Poetical Astronomy, 2. 14
  16. ^ Scholia on Clement of Alexandria, Protrepticus, 1. p.426

ReferencesEdit