Mush dialect (Armenian: Մշոյ բարբառ, Mšo barbař) is a Western Armenian dialect formerly spoken in the city of Mush (Muş) and the historic region of Taron, in present-day eastern Turkey. As a result of the extermination of the native Armenian population during the genocide of 1915, the dialect is almost completely extinct today with only several thousand native speakers in a number of villages in Armenia and three Armenian-populated villages in the Samtskhe-Javakheti province of Georgia.

Mush dialect
Mush
Մշոյ բարբառ
Native toGeorgia, Armenia
EthnicityArmenian people
Native speakers
<~3,000[citation needed]
Armenian alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3(included in hyw)
Glottologmuss1244[1]
The area where the Mush dialect was spoken before the Armenian Genocide (according to Hrachia Adjarian's 1909 book Classification des dialectes arméniens)[2]

Contents

Area spokenEdit

According to Hrachia Adjarian in the early 20th century, the Mush dialect was spoken in the cities of Bitlis, Xizan (Hizan), Khlat (Xlat), Arjesh, Bulanikh, Manazkert, Khnus (Xnus), and Alashkert. The dialect was spread to the west of Lake Van.[3]

During the Russo-Turkish War of (1877–78), Armenians from Mush and Alashkert established villages in the Erivan Governorate: in Aparan and south of Novo-Bayazit (present-day Gavar). According to Adjarian there were 21 Armenian villages in the Erivan Governorate where the Mush dialect was spoken. Another group of Armenians from Khnus settled near Akhalkalaki, particularly in three villages: Heshtia, Toria and Ujmana.[3][4]

According to a 1955 article the Mush dialect was spoken in villages located in the following districts (raion) of Soviet Armenia: Talin, Aparan, Artik, Aghin, Ejmiatsin, and Martuni.[5]

One notable village in Armenia where the dialect is still spoken is Kamo in the northwestern Shirak Province.[6][7]

Notable speakersEdit

Songs in Mush dialectEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mush". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Adjarian 1909, pp. 44-45.
  3. ^ a b Adjarian 1909, p. 48.
  4. ^ Simavoryan, Arestakes (21 May 2009). "Ախալքալաքի և Նինոծմինդայի հայ կաթոլիկ համայնքների խնդիրները [Problems of the Catholic Armenian communities in Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda districts]" (in Armenian). Noravank Foundation. Միավորող է նաև լեզվի գործոնը՝ Մշո բարբառը...
  5. ^ Baghdasarian 1955, p. 69.
  6. ^ "Կամո [Kamo]". shirak.mtaes.am (in Armenian). Ministry of Territorial Administration and Emergency Situations of Republic of Armenia. Բնակչությունը հիմնականում հայեր են և խոսում են մշո բարբառով:
  7. ^ ""Թող ընպես ընեն, որ էս երկրում գյուղացին կրնանա շունչ քաշե, ես էլի կդառնամ հող կմշակեմ",-ասում է Կամո գյուղի բնակիչ Զարզանդ Գորգորյանը". Hetq Online (in Armenian). 28 April 2011. Բնակչության շրջանում գերիշխում է Մշո բարբառը:
  8. ^ Hacikyan, Agop Jack (2005). The Heritage of Armenian Literature: From The Eighteenth Century To Modern Times. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 566. ISBN 9780814332214.
  9. ^ YouTube video of William Saroyan's visit to Soviet Armenia in the 1970s. He clearly speaks the Mush dialect.
Bibliography
Further reading