Mount Meru (Tanzania)
Mount Meru is a dormant stratovolcano located 70 kilometres (43 mi) west of Mount Kilimanjaro in the country of Tanzania. At a height of 4,562.13 metres (14,968 ft), it is visible from Mount Kilimanjaro on a clear day, and is the fifth-highest mountain in Africa, dependent on definition.
Mount Meru, 2012.
|Elevation||4,562.13 m (14,967.6 ft) |
|Prominence||3,170 m (10,400 ft) |
|Isolation||70 km (43 mi)|
|Location||Arusha Region, Tanzania|
|Last eruption||October to December 1910|
|First ascent||1904 by Fritz Jäger|
Mount Meru is located just north of the city of Arusha, in the Arusha Region of Tanzania. It is the second-highest mountain in Tanzania, after Mount Kilimanjaro. The Momella route – which starts at Momella gate, on the eastern side of the mountain – is used to climb Mount Meru.
Much of its bulk was lost about 7,800 years ago due to a summit collapse. Mount Meru most recently had a minor eruption in 1910. The several small cones and craters seen in the vicinity probably reflect numerous episodes of volcanic activity. Mount Meru's caldera is 2.2 miles (3.5 km) wide.
Mount Meru is the topographic centerpiece of Arusha National Park. Its fertile slopes rise above the surrounding savanna and support a forest that hosts diverse wildlife, including nearly 400 species of birds, and also monkeys and leopards.
- Africa Ultra-Prominences Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Meru". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
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- Tanzania travel guide (6 ed.). Lonely Planet. June 2015. p. 168. ISBN 978-1742207797.
- "Glocal Volcanism Program - Meru". Retrieved 24 May 2019.
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