Morteza-Qoli Bayat

Morteza Gholi Bayat (Mortezā Qoli Bayāt, aka Sahām al-Soltān, 1890–10 May 1958) was a Prime Minister of Iran.

Morteza-Qoli Bayat
Morteza-Qoli Bayat portrait.jpg
28th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
25 November 1944 – 13 May 1945
MonarchMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded byMohammad Sa'ed
Succeeded byEbrahim Hakimi
Personal details
Arak, Iran
Died10 May 1958(1958-05-10) (aged 68)
Tehran, Iran
Resting placeNajaf, Iraq
Political partyReformers' Party (1920s)[1]

Born in Arak, Iran into a family of Irans' ancient tribal nobility, Chieftains of the Bayat tribe, to Haj Abbas Qoli-Khan Saham al-Molk Araki, he first founded the Democratic party of Arak.

He was heavily involved in the termination of the Qajar dynasty. In 1925, he became Minister of Finance under Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Foroughi. He was elected numerous times to the Parliament of Iran as a representative of Arak.

In 1935 he served as Minister of Treasury under Prime Minister Ali Soheili.

He introduced his cabinet as Prime Minister of Iran in 1944. His administration however only lasted 5 months and 20 days, and was succeeded by Ebrahim Hakimi. He served as Minister again on a few other occasions.

The visit of Charles de Gaulle to Iran took place during his administration. Under the presence of the Allies in Iran, Tehran also declared war on Japan during his administration.

He was buried in Najaf, Iraq.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 121. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  • 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Sa'ed
Prime Minister of Iran
Succeeded by
Ebrahim Hakimi