Morsbach is a municipality located in Oberbergischer Kreis, a district in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Morsbach
Coat of arms of Morsbach
Coat of arms
Location of Morsbach within Oberbergischer Kreis district
Rhein-Sieg-KreisOberbergischer KreisRheinisch-Bergischer KreisNorth Rhine-WestphaliaRemscheidWuppertalEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisMärkischer KreisOlpe (district)Siegen-WittgensteinRhineland-PalatinateWaldbrölMorsbachNümbrechtWiehlReichshofGummersbachMarienheideBergneustadtEngelskirchenLindlarHückeswagenWipperfürthRadevormwaldMorsbach in GM.svg
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Morsbach is located in Germany
Morsbach
Morsbach
Morsbach is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Morsbach
Morsbach
Coordinates: 50°52′N 7°43′E / 50.867°N 7.717°E / 50.867; 7.717Coordinates: 50°52′N 7°43′E / 50.867°N 7.717°E / 50.867; 7.717
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionKöln
DistrictOberbergischer Kreis
Government
 • MayorJörg Bukowski (Ind.)
Area
 • Total55.96 km2 (21.61 sq mi)
Elevation
206 m (676 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total10,210
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
51597
Dialling codes02294
Vehicle registrationGM
Websitewww.morsbach.de Edit this at Wikidata

GeographyEdit

Morsbach is located 50 km east of Cologne, in the southern corner of the Oberbergischen Kreis on the border of North Rhine-Westphalia with Rhineland-Palatinate.

Neighboring placesEdit

North: Reichshof
West: Waldbröl Morsbach East: Kirchen (Sieg)
South: Hamm (Sieg)

Division of the townEdit

The municipality (Gemeinde) is divided into the following 66 parts (Ortsteile): [2]

A Alzen - Amberg - Appenhagen
B Berghausen - Birken - Birzel - Bitze - Böcklingen - Breitgen - Burg Volperhausen
E Ellingen - Erblingen - Euelsloch - Eugenienthal
F Flockenberg - Frankenthal
H Hahn - Halle - Hammer - Heide - Hellerseifen - Herbertshagen - Holpe - Hülstert
K Katzenbach - Kömpel - Korseifen
L Ley - Lichtenberg - Lützelseifen
N Neuhöfchen - Niederasbach - Niederdorf - Niederwarnsbach - Niederzielenbach
O Oberasbach - Oberholpe - Oberwarnsbach - Oberzielenbach - Ölmühle - Ortseifen
R Reinshagen - Rhein - Ritterseifen - Rolshagen - Rom - Rosengarten - Rossenbach
S Schlechtingen - Seifen - Siedenberg - Solseifen - Springe - Steimelhagen - Stentenbach - Stockshöhe - Straßerhof - Strick
U Überasbach - Überholz
V Volperhausen
W Wallerhausen - Wendershagen - Wittershagen
Z Zinshardt

HistoryEdit

Around 895 A.D - Morsbach was first mentioned in a document named "Duplicate of an Archival Book of the Inhabitants of Bonn, Saint Cassius Parish." The document mentions the Oberberg communities.

4000 - 1800 B.C - The first settlement in the Morsbach area dates back to the Neolithic Age. A stone hatchet and a fragment of a flint blade from this period were found in the area.

From c.800 A.D. - Morschbach was part of the Holy Roman Empire of Charlemagne. The parish of Morsbach was part of the Auelgau (Sieggau) under a regional charter and was administered by the court officials of Sayn.

Around 895 A.D. - Morsbach is mentioned for the first time in the early-medieval property registry written by Saint Cassius and Florentius in Bonn. Morsbach is also mentioned a little later in a land registry of the diocese Cologne. Morsbach is with it the eldest documentary mentioned the place in the Oberbergischer Kreis.)[awkward]

1131 A.D. - Pope Innocent II confirmed on 31 March to the Bonn Cassius-stift the possession in the Morsbacher church and a part of the routine tenth (ecclesiam Moresbach cum parte decimae).[awkward]

1174 A.D. - The counts in the Wupper received from Earl Heinrich Raps of Thuringia castle Windeck as a gift.[awkward]

1276 A.D. - From the saynischen department Nümbrecht, consisting of the parishes Nümbrecht, Waldbröl and Morsbach, becomes the independent rule detached by the main possession Homburg with their constitution and management.[awkward]

1311 A.D. - The counts of Sayn-Homburg recognize the court legal in the parish Morsbach, the fishing right and the tenth of the copper mine Böcklingen as a possession of the counts of the mountain.[awkward]

1380 A.D. - The county emperor Wenzel raises berg to the dukedom and the capital is Düsseldorf.[awkward]

Around 1400 possibly half of the homburgischen parish becomes a Morsbach with his principal place property of the dukes of Berg.[awkward] The borders are described in "Weistümern" (of 1464 to 1572 and 1575 are displayed in the so-called Merkatorkarte kartographisch.)[awkward] The parish Morsbach is subdivided.[awkward]

Around 1500 - Construction of a chapel in Holpe as a branch church of Morsbach.[awkward]

1563 - The counts of Sayn-Homburg remit a Lutheran church order for its area and explain the new apprenticeship to the state religion. With it the parish Morsbach is divided directly also confessional into the Catholic parish Morsbach and the Lutheran parish Holpe.[awkward]

1604 by the "Siegburger comparison" (12 June) the homburgische territory also comes to the dukedom Berg and the office Windeck. The parish, with about 1,100 inhabitants, becomes a political unit again.[awkward]

1614 (finally 1666) - The dukedom Berg comes in Pfalz-Neuburg (Wittelsbacher).[awkward]

1634 - The parish Morsbach becomes a fief area of count Hermann von Hatzfeldt gentleman Wildenburg and Crottorf).[awkward]

1661 - The fief is taken back by Philipp Wilhelm von Berg again. He lends to the Morsbachern the fish justice and hunting justice, an own magistrate and an own untercourt (7 juror) after the "high court to Windeck."[awkward]

1742 - Elector Karl Theodor to Pfalz-Sulzbach becomes a duke of Berg. When in 1777 at the same time elector of Bavaria becomes, the residence of the dukedom is moved to Munich.[awkward]

1795 - In the war of the allied Europe a monarchs against the French revolutionary army the French penetrate over the Rhine, take the dukedom Berg and camp down also in Morsbach.[awkward]

1805 - The successor of the elector Karl Theodor, elector Maximilian Joseph von Pfalz-Zweibrücken, forms an alliance with Napoleon and becomes the king of Bavaria.

1806 - Bavaria resigns the dukedom Berg in France. Berg becomes a Grand Duchy and Joachim Murat (brother-in-law Napoleon) his regent.[awkward]

1808 - The Grand Duchy falls back to Napoleon (Generalgouvernement). New management arrangement: Mairie (city hall) Morsbach (about 2200 inhabitants in the canton Waldbröl, in the Arrondissement to Siegen (prefecture in Dillenburg), in the Department Sieg.[awkward]

1810 - From 1.1 the French right which remains largely to [1870] or [1900] in strength counts in the General gouvernement [Berg].[awkward]

1813-1815 this is administered General gouvernement - after the expulsion of the French - temporarily by a general governor (Justus Gruner). New arrangement: local district Morsbach, canton Waldbröl, management of a Kreis [Wipperfürth].[awkward]

1816 - New management arrangement: city hall Morsbach, Kreis Waldbröl, governmental district Cologne, province Kleve-Jülich-Berg (from 1822 Rhine province).[awkward]

1932 - On 1.10 the Kreis Waldbröl and Gummersbach are combined to Oberbergischer Kreis. The municipality Morsbach has about 5300 inhabitants. Their borders are almost unchanged for centuries.[awkward]

1945 - The home area under American occupying (8.4.-17.6.1945, to 2/20/1949 British or Belgian occupying).[awkward]

1946 - The Oberbergischer Kreis lies (in the federal state) educated anew North Rhine-Westphalia.[awkward]

1995 - 1,100 years of the municipality Morsbach was celebrated with a historical pageant.

Coat of armsEdit

The arms were granted on August 14, 1937. The arms show in the upper part the lion of the Counts of Berg as the village historically belonged to Berg. The lower part is canting, Moor or marshland, and Bach or brook.[citation needed][awkward]

ChurchesEdit

  • Roman Catholic - Parish church Morsbach
  • Roman Catholic - Pastoral care district Alzen
  • Roman Catholic - Parish church Ellingen
  • Roman Catholic - Parish church Holpe
  • Roman Catholic - Parish church Lichtenberg - priest Dieter Weimann
  • Protestant - parish church Holpe-Morsbach - priest Heiner Karnstein
  • Evangelical free church Morsbach- Steimelhagen

PopulationEdit

Year Population
1838
3.563
1866
3.857
1939
5.685
1950
6.979
1960
7.155
1972
9.689
1980
10.669
1984
10.565
2000
12.250
2002
12.337

 

SchoolsEdit

  • Franziskus School - Catholic elementary school - Morsbach
  • Erich Kästner School - association lower secondary school - Morsbach

Places of interestEdit

  • The main place of interest is the Romanesque basilica "Saint Gertrud" from the 12th-13th century.
  • Castle Volperhausen
  • The heritage-protected Morsbach station building (Wisser Valley Railway / Wiehl Valley Railway). The preservation order states: "The preservation of this building is of public interest because of its locally influenced design of the uniform Prussian station building type and also because of its special roof design."

Twin townsEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Christoph Buchen / Erwin Weber: Alt Morsbach. Die Gemeinde Morsbach in alten Bildern, Meinerzhagen 1981
  • Morsbach. Chronik einer oberbergischen Gemeinde, hg. von der Gemeinde Morsbach, Meinerzhagen 1987
  • 1100 Jahre Morsbach. 895 - 1995, hg. von der Gemeinde Morsbach, Waldbröl 1995

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  2. ^ "PLZ Morsbach mit Karte | Postleitzahlen 51597 Nordrhein-Westfalen". www.plz-suche.org (in German). Retrieved 2019-10-15.

External linksEdit