Model 60 stacking stool

The Model 60 stacking stool is a wooden stool designed by Finnish designer Alvar Aalto in 1933. Manufactured by Artek, the stool is one of Aalto's most famous furniture designs.

Model 60 stacking stool
Aalto kruk.jpg
DesignerAlvar Aalto


Wood bending experiments

In the early 1930s Aalto undertook a series of experiments in the bending of wood, which ultimately culminated with his development of a bent wooden chair leg that could be manufactured en masse and did not require joinery.[1][2] Aalto used the chair leg, named the "L leg" in his 1933 design for the model 60 stool, which was intended for use in the Vyborg Library.[3] Aalto notoriously tested the durability of his design by repeatedly throwing a prototype of the stool against the ground.[4]

Production of the stool in 1937

The design was first presented to the public in November 1933 at a Finnish design exhibition titled Wood Only at Fortnum & Mason in London.[4] The stool has been in continuous production since its initial release in 1933.[5]

A 1933 model of the stool was added to the permanent collection of MoMA in 1958.[6][5]

Aalto's Vyborg Library with stools

Later editionsEdit

In 2017 streetwear brand Supreme released a limited edition version of the stool featuring a checkerboard pattern and red logo on the seat.


  1. ^ Harrison, Bernice. "Design Moment: Stool 60, 1933". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  2. ^ "artek: the making of the patented L-shaped stool 60 by alvar aalto". designboom | architecture & design magazine. 2014-01-31. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  3. ^ "Stool 60". Alvar Aalto Foundation | Alvar Aalto -säätiö. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  4. ^ a b Luxford, Charlotte. "A Brief History of Alvar Aalto's Stool 60". Culture Trip. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  5. ^ a b "Supreme unveils chequerboard edition of Artek's iconic Aalto Stool 60". Dezeen. 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  6. ^ "Alvar Aalto. Stacking Stool (model 60). 1932-33 | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 2019-03-27.