Mittelsachsen ("Central Saxony") is a district (Kreis) in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.

Mittelsachsen
Coat of arms of Mittelsachsen
Coat of arms
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
CapitalFreiberg
Area
 • Total2,112 km2 (815 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2018)[1]
 • Total306,185
 • Density140/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationFG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL
Websitewww.landkreis-mittelsachsen.de

HistoryEdit

The district was established by merging the former districts of Döbeln, Freiberg and Mittweida as part of the district reform of August 2008.

GeographyEdit

The district stretches from the Erzgebirge ("Ore Mountains") on the Czech Republic–Germany border to the plains between Leipzig and Dresden. The district borders (from the west and clockwise) the state Thuringia, the districts of Leipzig, Nordsachsen, Meißen, Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge, the Czech Republic, Erzgebirgskreis, the urban district Chemnitz, and the district of Zwickau.

The geography of the district varies considerably, stretching from the northern part which almost reaches the North German Plain, to the southern part in the mountainous Erzgebirge region. The lowest point is at 140 metres above sea level, in the valley of the Freiberger Mulde near Leisnig. The highest point is 855 metres above sea level on the Czech border.

The most important rivers in Mittelsachsen are the Zwickauer and Freiberger Mulde, and the Zschopau river. Other notable rivers include Bobritzsch, Striegis, Gimmlitz and Flöha. The district also contains the reservoirs Kriebstein, Lichtenberg and Ruaschenbach. Part of the Erzgebirge/Vogtland national park is located in the southern part of Mittelsachsen.

PoliticsEdit

Coat of armsEdit

In 2008, upon the creation of the Mittelsachsen district, the heraldic society "Schwarzer Löwe" in Leipzig, in collaboration with graphics studio Eberhard Heinicker, put forward several proposals for a new coat of arms. Six proposals in total were put to the district council. The district council eventually chose the current design on 10 June 2009. The coat of arms shows the lion of Meißen, representing the Margravate of Meissen, and a hammer and pick representing the local mining heritage. The blue waves are derived from the coat of arms of Mittweida, and the three black lozenges from the former arms of Döbeln.

District councilEdit

The elections for the Mittelsachsen district happened on 7 June 2015. The former mayor of Mittweida, Matthias Damm (CDU), won with an absolute majority (65.74% of votes).

TransportEdit

RoadEdit

The district is crossed by three Autobahns: A4, A14, and A72. Several Bundesstraßen (federal highways) also cross through Mittelsachsen, including the 101 (Berlin to Aue) and 7 (Düsseldorf to Chemnitz).

RailEdit

Several railways cross through the Mittelsachsen district, most notably the Dresden–Werdau railway servicing Freiberg and Flöha, among others. There are no long distance railway connections in Mittelsachsen, but such connections are easily reachable by taking regional trains to Dresden, Chemnitz or Leipzig. Freiberg is included in the Dresden S-Bahn network. The entire district is served by the Verkehrsbund Mittelsachsen.

FlightEdit

The closest airports for commercial travel are Leipzig–Altenburg Airport (15km), Dresden Airport (28km), and Leipzig/Halle Airport (58km). However, there is an airfield at Langhennersdorf which is used for recreational flight.

Academic EducationEdit

The Landkreis is home to two universities, the TU Bergakademie in Freiberg (focused on Geo-science) and the University of Applied Sciences in Mittweida (MINT, Social, Media).[2]

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Landkreis Website

External linksEdit