Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir

Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir[13][14] (French: Miraculous, les aventures de Ladybug et Chat Noir; also known as Miraculous Ladybug[2][15][16] or Miraculous[17][18]) is a computer-animated superhero television series produced by French studios Zagtoon and Method Animation in collaboration with De Agostini Editore S.p.A. in Italy, Toei Animation in Japan, SAMG Animation in South Korea and Canais Globo (via Gloob) in Brazil.[2][19][7][8] The series features two Parisian teenagers, Marinette Dupain-Cheng and Adrien Agreste, who transform into the superheroes Ladybug and Cat Noir, respectively, to protect the city from supervillains.

Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug and Cat Noir
Zag Heroez Miraculous, Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir logo.png
Also known as
  • Miraculous
  • Miraculous Ladybug
  • Ladybug & Cat Noir
  • Ladybug
Created byThomas Astruc, Jeremy Zag
Based onMiraculous Ladybug PV/OVA anime version by Zagtoon, Method Animation, & Toei Animation
Developed byZagtoon
Method Animation
Toei Animation
Jeremy Zag
Nathanaël Bronn (Graphic Bible)
Written byThomas Astruc
Sébastien Thibaudeau
Directed by
  • Thomas Astruc
  • Christelle Abgrall (season 2)[4]
  • Jeremy Paoletti (season 2)
  • Benoît Boucher (seasons 2–3)
  • Wilifried Pain (seasons 2–3)[4]
  • Jun Violet (seasons 2–3)[4]
Voices of
Theme music composerJeremy Zag & Noam Kaniel (Noam)
Lyrics: Alain Garcia
Opening themeEnglish: "It's Ladybug!" performed by Wendy Child and Cash Callaway
French: "Une Ladybug", Marily and Noam
Ending theme"Une Ladybug"/"It's Ladybug!" (instrumental)
  • Jeremy Zag
  • Noam Kaniel (Noam)
  • Alain Garcia
Country of origin
  • France
  • Japan
  • South Korea
Original language(s)
  • French
  • Korean
  • Japanese
No. of seasons3
No. of episodes79 (list of episodes)
Executive producer(s)
  • Pascal Boutboul
  • Sébastien Thibaudeau
  • Jean-Yves Patay
  • Hiroyuki Kinoshita
  • Ryuji Kochi
  • Pierre Belletante
  • Suhoon Kim
  • Stella Noh
  • Alexandre Lippens (season 1)
  • Jared Wolfson (season 1)
  • Cédric Pilot (season 1)
  • Kevin Marciano (seasons 2–3)
  • Magali Bion (seasons 2–3)
  • Camille Oesch (seasons 2–3)
  • Jeremy Zag
  • Aton Soumache
Running time22 minutes
Production company(s)
Original network
Audio formatStereo (TV version) 5.1 surround sound (DVD version)
First shown inSouth Korea
Original releaseSeptember 1, 2015 (2015-09-01) –
present (present)
External links
Miraculous Ladybug
Production website

Prior to its debut in France on October 19, 2015 on TF1,[20] the series was first shown in South Korea on September 1, 2015 on EBS1.[21] In the United States, the series originally debuted on Nickelodeon on 6 December 2015 before the show was removed from the network's schedule in 2016. On 8 April 2019, the series was officially picked up by Disney Channel and began airing since then. It also aired on the KidsClick programming block until its shutdown on 31 March 2019. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the show premiered on 30 January 2016 on Disney Channel[22] and aired until 30 September 2020, when the channel closed in the country, transferring all its content to Disney+.


In modern-day Paris, teenagers[23][24][a] Marinette Dupain-Cheng and Adrien Agreste[26] transform into superheroes when evil arises. Marinette transforms into her superhero persona, Ladybug, while Adrien transforms into his superhero persona, Cat Noir, using magical jeweled objects known as the Miraculous. Not knowing each other's true identities, the two work together to protect Paris from the mysterious villain, Hawk Moth, who covets and attempts to steal their powers by using his akuma, butterflies infused with negative energy, to transform Paris' everyday citizens into supervillains through a negative emotion that they have recently felt or are feeling.[23][27]

The first season ends with Marinette meeting Master Fu, the Guardian of the Miraculous, the man who gave Marinette and Adrien their Miraculous. The second season opens with Hawk Moth's identity being revealed as none other than Adrien's father Gabriel Agreste. It is also revealed that his motive for wanting to take Ladybug and Cat Noir's miraculous is to combine them, which would allow their user to use their ultimate power to make a wish come true which can alter reality. Gabriel's wish is to heal his wife, who is in an eternal sleep after using the peacock miraculous. This season also sees Marinette under Fu's tutelage, learning about the Miraculous. Circumstance requires Marinette to loan various Miraculous to friends and allies to fight some supervillains for temporary purposes (similar to the Marvel Family). These allied heroes are called back at the season's end when Hawk Moth manages to traumatize over two dozen civilians. The heroes are victorious, but Hawk Moth manages to escape with the aid of the Peacock Miraculous holder Mayura who turns out to be Gabriel's assistant Nathalie. Later on, Marinette and Adrien also share an intimate moment at the park.

Hawk Moth continues his campaign in season three aided by Mayura and her Sentimonsters, creatures created from charged feathers called amoks. Marinette calls upon even more allies to become Miraculous heroes while her nemesis Lila allies herself with both Gabriel and Hawk Moth, unaware that the two individuals are the same person. Two plot arcs include Nathalie's failing health from using the damaged Peacock Miraculous and Ladybug's refusal to give the Bee Miraculous to Chloe, leading her to betray Ladybug and side with Hawk Moth. By the end of the season, Gabriel gets the information he needed from Fu to repair the Peacock Miraculous while Fu's guardian status is passed to Marinette.


SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
126October 19, 2015 (2015-10-19) (France)
December 6, 2015 (2015-12-06) (U.S.)
October 30, 2016 (2016-10-30) (France)
October 22, 2016 (2016-10-22) (U.S.)
226[28]December 11, 2016 (2016-12-11) (France)
December 20, 2016 (2016-12-20) (Netflix)
November 18, 2018 (2018-11-18) (France)[29]
December 14, 2018 (2018-12-14) (Netflix)[30]
326April 14, 2019 (2019-04-14) (France)[31][32]
August 1, 2019 (2019-08-01) (Netflix)
December 8, 2019 (2019-12-08) (France)[33]
February 1, 2020 (2020-02-01) (Netflix)[34]
426September 2021 (2021-09) (France)[35]
TBA (TBA) (Disney+)
TBA (TBA) (France)
TBA (TBA) (Disney+)



Conception and creationEdit

The series is based on an original concept created by French animator, Thomas Astruc,[36] who was inspired by a meeting with a certain lady, Japanese anime, and "decades of comics binge reading".[37] In an interview with Nolife, Astruc said he was working as an animator on the show W.I.T.C.H. when he met a woman wearing a T-shirt with a ladybug on it. They began to share drawings, some of which were ladybug-themed. Astruc also noted that Marinette's hair was styled after the woman. They also worked on the cartoon A.T.O.M. around 2004–05. Astruc first drew Ladybug on sticky notes and remarked about how strong the Ladybug character was. He had had a couple of memories of seeing ladybug-themed superheroes in comics.[38]

Astruc had intended to make Ladybug a comic book series until he met Jeremy Zag, who loved the project and wanted to produce it as a cartoon; Zag was 25 at the time and not originally from the cartoon industry.[38]

In developing Cat Noir, Astruc said that ladybugs represented good luck, so it was natural to partner her with a black cat character with bad luck powers. Cat Noir was a tribute to comic characters, like Catwoman. So it was like having Catwoman and Spider-Man in the same show but reversed genders and roles.[38]

A character named Félix was originally going to have the role of Cat Noir,[39] but he was later scrapped in favor of Adrien Agreste because the creative team felt that Félix was a cliché of a male anime protagonist and that Adrien would allow them to tell more interesting stories.[40][41] In September 2015, Astruc indicated that he was open to revisiting the character of Félix,[42] but he abandoned it by February 2016, writing that the character was a poor idea.[43] Years later, in 2019, Félix was remade as Adrien's cousin and was renamed Félix Graham de Vanily.[needs update]

Hiring companiesEdit

In 2010, the show was announced at Cannes' MIPCOM with French production groups Univergroup Pictures and Onyx Films heading the project and working with Method Animation and Zagtoon. Aton Soumache of Onyx and Method[44] said that they want "to create a glamourous superhero character with a real European flair with Paris as [the] backdrop". The producers had also planned to animate it in stereoscopic 3D (currently the show is produced using CGI animation).[36]

In the summer of June 2012, Toei Animation Co., Ltd., the famous animation studio branch owned & operated by Toei Company, Ltd. in Japan, was announced as a co-producer.[44] Two years before 2012, Toei Animation had released a PreCure film that was set in Paris, France and was very interested in expanding their international audience.[38] Even after the production moved to CGI animation, Toei still remained co-producer, with the executive producers from the company being credited.[45]

On 21 November 2012, a memorandum of understanding between Zagtoon, Method Animation, SAMG Animation and SK Broadband was announced: together, the companies would invest US$50 million through 2017 into five projects. The first of these projects was developed into Miraculous, which received an investment of $10 million. As a part of the deal, SK Broadband would have exclusive rights in South Korea for video on demand release, available to the subscribers of the company's IPTV platform B TV.[46][47]


When Toei Animation joined as a co-producer in the summer of June 2012, it was also announced that the show would be drawn in a colourful manga-like style.[44] Later in September, Zagtoon, Method, & Toei released a traditionally-animated promotional video for Miraculous Ladybug.[15][16] The video featured Marinette (in different clothes similar to the clothes in the current series) as Ladybug, and a (now-scrapped, later Adrien's cousin) different character named Félix as Cat Noir,[39] Marinette and Félix's Kwamis, Tikki and Plagg, Hawk Moth/Gabriel (without the mask and with a different outfit, look, and lair compared to the current series), and also the akumatized villains, The Mime and Mr. Pigeon. Their Miraculouses and their transformation sequences had a different look similar to the Miraculouses and the transformations in the current series. The demo song from the promotional music video was performed & composed by Noam, who would later compose music and sing the songs for the series.[10][48][49]

The anime concept was a complete success; but there were concerns about the marketability of traditional 2D animation and the difficulty in animating Ladybug's costume of red with black spots, as it caused some strobing effects.[38] Executive producer Jared Wolfson said that Zag wanted the animation to be cinematic and epic, unique and different, and said that they are continuing to partner with Toei as it brings in the Asian inspiration and that a 2D version of the show might be a potential product for future purposes.[50][51][52][53][54][55]

The aforementioned problem with 2D animation was resolved by moving to CGI animation; the switch also allowed for easier implementation of mobile camera angles.[38] SAMG Animation, a CGI animation studio located in South Korea which officially joined in the production in the fall of November 2012,[46][47] produced modeling and animation.[56] Zag latter recalled that SAMG was chosen for quality reasons in a video message he sent to a South Korean press conference held in 2015 by the Seoul-based company.[57] Astruc and assistant director, Wilfried Pain, instructed the animators not to improvise scenes so that they could keep things consistent and understandable.[38] Pain estimated about 350–400 shots are used in a typical 20-minute episode; with 10 panels per shot, that makes up to 4000 panels an episode.[38] Wolfson said that the show's animation brings dynamic camera angles and texturing.[50] A trailer with the new CGI-animated style was released in October 2013, a year later.[58]

On 22 January 2018, Zag posted on Instagram that the crew was working on season 4 and season 5.[59][better source needed]

Themes, writing and processEdit

The concept for the show originally dealt with political themes, geared towards teens and young adults. However, after failing to gain traction with networks, it was retooled for a younger target audience.[60]:40 Astruc said that he is delighted that the show is able to reach younger and older people.[38]

Each episode takes around 3 months to write, from scratch to final validation of broadcasters.[61] Assistant director, Wilfried Pain, said that each episode is composed of two parts: a sitcom aspect where the characters have to speak for themselves, and an action element where the camera is always moving.[38]

The music & songs was done by Noam Kaniel, who had also worked on action superhero shows such as X-Men, Code Lyoko, W.I.T.C.H., Fantastic Four, Power Rangers, Digimon Fusion and Glitter Force.[50][62] The theme song was written by Kaniel and Zag. The English lyrics were done by Alain Garcia and performed by Wendy Child and Cash Callaway.[63] The French version was performed by Marily and Noam.[64]



Astruc representatives have said that the show has reached over 120 countries.[38] Disney Channel has had broadcasting rights in the United States, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Japan and Latín America are able to broadcast the series with participation from the Walt Disney Company France: specifically, it acquired cable and satellite television rights in Europe, Eastern Europe and Scandinavia, and free-to-air rights in Spain, Germany, Russia and Turkey.[2][65]

South Korea was the first country to premiere Ladybug, with girl group Fiestar to sing its translated theme song. It aired on 1 September 2015 on EBS1[21] and ran for 13 episodes until November 2015, with repeats through February 2016, and the second half of the season began airing on 1 March 2016. SK Broadband, having participated in the production, provided the episodes on video on demand exclusively to subscribers of their IPTV platform B TV, about a half-hour following the South Korean broadcast of each one on EBS1.[46][66] Disney Channel in South Korea has also aired the series as of 7 December 2015.[67]

In France, the series premiered on 19 October 2015 on the Tfou programming block on TF1.[20]

In the United States, the series originally debuted on Nickelodeon on December 6, 2015.[68][69][70] The show aired on KidsClick from July 3, 2017 to March 29, 2019, and that run on TV was ended on March 31, 2019 due to low ratings.[71][72] On April 8, 2019, Disney Channel acquired the rights to broadcast the first two seasons with the third season being aired in 2020 .[73] In Canada, the show premiered in French on 9 January 2016 on Télé-Québec, a provincial public service television network in Quebec.[74] The series was broadcast in English on Family Channel starting on November 1, 2016.[75]

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the show premiered on 30 January 2016 on Disney Channel[22][76] and premiered in February 2017 on Pop.[77]

In the Uzbekistan, the show premiered in July 2019 on Milliy TV.[78] The show lasted until September.

In Brazil, the show premiered in March 2016 on the paid channel Gloob, from Canais Globo (previously Globosat). In June 2019 it debuted on the streaming service Globoplay, also from Canais Globo.

In Latin America, the series is dubbed to Latin American Spanish and then broadcast on Disney Channel. In that region, most of the episodes (at least in season 1) are disordered when it comes to Netflix broadcasting.[citation needed]

In Australia, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation released the show on its ABC iview streaming service on 1 January 2016[65][79] and premiered the show on its linear channel ABC Me on 22 March 2016. In New Zealand, the show premiered on 27 April 2016 on TVNZ's TV2.[80]

In Japan, Disney Channel streamed the episode "Stormy Weather" through its mobile application on 1 July 2018 before the official premiere on 23 July of the same year.[81][82][83][84][85]

Season 2 premiered with a Christmas special in December, 2016[86] with further new episodes in France on TF1's TFOU block on 26 October 2017[87][88] and other channels throughout Europe.[89] Netflix began streaming the series, starting with the Christmas special, on 20 December 2016.[90]

The world premiere of season 3 was in Spain on Disney Channel on 1 December 2018.[91][92] In France, on TFOU, it premiered on 14 April 2019.[31][32]

A spin-off series, Miraculous Chibi, premiered on 31 August 2018 on Youtube and on major broadcast channels.[93][94] It also aired in Hindi on Disney Channel India in June 2019, in English on Disney International HD on August 2019, and since late-2019 on Disney Channel Latin America.


Critical receptionEdit

Kimberly Cooper, a blog writer who has contributed to news media such as The Huffington Post,[95] wrote that the show has inspired teens and adults to create and propagate Miraculous remixes and liked that the show featured multiracial characters as with the film Big Hero 6, which had won an Oscar. She "quickly realized there was a far cooler and broader Miraculous movement underway".[96] Caitlin Donovan of the entertainment website, Epicstream, listed it as one of her top 10 animated series of 2015. She wrote that, "The characters are so charming that the tropey aspects of the show are merely a lot of fun, rather than irritating." with creative fights and good CGI animation. She wrote that, "Marinette is an adorable lead who is genuinely awkward as a civilian, but confident as a superhero, which makes for an interesting contrast."[97] Ella Anders of BSCKids wrote that the show stands out because of "how it meshes both the magical girl and superhero genera together".[98] Robert Lloyd of the Los Angeles Times described the show as "clever, romantic, fun, the way some of us prefer our superhero stories". He found the characters to "have the look of extruded plastic common to CGI cartoons", but "within these limits the design is lovely and the animation elegant, and a lot of work has gone into the staging and execution of the action scenes".[1]

The North American Precis Syndicate called the show "authentic and aspirational – a story of today's modern everygirl superhero who comes to life. The series, about a young girl who taps into her superhero powers and innocent optimism to save Paris from the evil Hawk Moth, will no doubt inspire today's youth to try to save the day, each and every day in their own way."[99] Andrea Reiher of Zap2It wrote that the "storylines are rich with family, friends, adventure, intrigue, villains, creativity and more, delivering themes that are relatable and relevant to kids and preteens" and anticipated it would be a huge hit on Nickelodeon.[100]

Several media reviewers have anticipated Miraculous-brand toys to be among the hot superheroine properties for 2016.[101][102] Zag has partnered with Bandai to release Miraculous-based toys as well as deals to make Miraculous-brand clothing and other merchandise.[2][50]

Awards and nominationsEdit

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2016 Brazilian Toy Magazine Awards[103] Best National Toy of 2016 Miraculous Won
Best Brand of 2016 Miraculous Won
Ri Happy Awards[103] Best Brand of 2016 Miraculous Won
Latam Expo Licensing Awards[103] Best Brand of 2016 Miraculous Won
2017 Brazilian Toy Magazine Awards[103] Best National Toy 2017 Miraculous Won
Licencias de Actualidad[103] Best License of the Year Miraculous Won
Best Entertainment License Miraculous Won
Best Promotion Tosta Rica Ladybug Won
2017 OVA-ies TV Animation Awards[104] Best Animated Main Character of 2017 Marinette Dupain-Cheng Nominated
Best Visuals for an Animated Show of 2017 Miraculous Ladybug Nominated
2018 Teen Choice Awards[103][105] Choice Animated TV Show Miraculous Won
The UK Licensing Awards 2018[103] Best Children's or Tween Licensed Property Miraculous Nominated
Best Licensed Children's Apparel Range Miraculous Nightwear for Character.com from Aykroyd and Sons Nominated
Brazilian Toy Magazine Awards[103] Best National Toy 2018 Miraculous Won
Bologna Licensing Trade Fair[103] Best Property Kids Miraculous Won
2018 OVA-ies TV Animation Awards[106] Best Animation Main Character of 2018 Marinette Dupain-Cheng Won
Best Animation Supporting Character of 2018 Hawk Moth Nominated
2019 Bologna Licensing Trade Fair[103] Special Award Fashion Kids with Miraculous by Guess Miraculous Won
The 2019 Tell-Tale TV Awards[107] Favorite Animated TV Series Miraculous Won
2020 Bologna Licensing Awards[108] Best Preschool Licensing Project Capsule Collection Chicco Miraculous Won
BroadwayWorld Spain Awards Best Theatrical Event musical Miraculous: The Ladybug Show Won

Other mediaEdit

An endless runner video game was developed by TabTale and released in April 2018 as a mobile app.[109][110] In April 2019 was announced new mobile game[111] and in May 2019 it was presented by Jeremy Zag.[112]

An animated musical film, titled Ladybug & Cat Noir Awakening, is in development and slated for release in 2021. A live-action television series is also in the works.[113][114]


  1. ^ "Le Pharaon". Miraculous: Les Aventures de Ladybug et Chat Noir. Season 1. Episode 3 (in French). 8 March 2016. Event occurs at 00:48. TF1. (Alya, after picking up Ladybug's history book) Ladybug dropped a book! It's a (French: classe de troisième, equivalent of ninth grade) history book; I'm in a good position to know! I have the exact same one at home! Could our favorite masked vigilante be a (French: collégienne, equivalent of middle school) in real life? In the English version "The Pharaoh", Alya says that it's a tenth-grade history book, and suspects that Ladybug could be a high schooler, conflicting with the French version. As Astruc has stated that the show's canon language is French,[25] the article will use ninth grade.


  1. ^ a b Lloyd, Robert (27 August 2016). "'Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir,' a French turn on teenage superheroes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Miraculous". PGS Entertainment. Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  3. ^ Collins, Elle (3 December 2000). "Teen French Heroes Ladybug & Cat Noir Arrive on Nickelodeon". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2016. The influence of the Magical Girl genre is inescapable; when Marinette's mother is captured in a bubble and carried off into the sky, apparently along with every adult in Paris, Marinette transforms into the red and black Ladybug in a series of twirls and poses. She even has the guidance of some kind of talking ladybug creature, called a kwami, fulfilling another Magical Girl trope.
  4. ^ a b c Astruc, Thomas [@Thomas_Astruc] (3 May 2016). "Delighted to announce: @WinnyGZ @happyhappykuri & Jun Violet will now direct the show with me. Plz greet'em warmly!" (Tweet). Retrieved 26 June 2016 – via Twitter.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Milligan, Mercedes (8 April 2019). "ZAG's 'Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir' Hits Disney Channel".
  7. ^ a b c d Winny (11 September 2019). "Desperada was made by DQ and Reflecta by Assemblage (new studio, it was a first)". @Winny_BayDay. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  8. ^ a b c "Gloob vira co-produtor de maior sucesso: As Aventuras de Ladybug". Observatório da Televisão (in Portuguese). 17 August 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  9. ^ a b c vacaciones 🎅), Miraculous Mexico (de (10 January 2020). "Digo, ya que salio el peine, confirmo que el estudio SAMG ya no animara en la S4. La animacion de S4 y S5 (hasta ahora) estara a cargo de DQ y Assemblage (que animaron Reflekdoll) u otro estudio, si asi lo deciden.

    RIP animacion bonita u.uht tps: / /twitter.com/fenarinarsa/status/1215604301357309953 ..."
    @MiraculousMX (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d Christmas! 🎄, 🎄Feri (11 January 2020). "It was revealed korean studio SAMG wont be animating on S4 and S5 of Miraculous. SAMG was the studio with the best, most beautiful animation, which means that now that theyre gone, the future seasons will be animated by least experiences studios like DQ". @Ferisae_. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  11. ^ a b "ミラキュラス レディバグ&シャノワール | 東映アニメーション". www.toei-anim.co.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  12. ^ a b "ミラキュラス レディバグ&シャノワール - 作品ラインナップ - 東映アニメーション". lineup.toei-anim.co.jp. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  13. ^ Jayson, Jay (9 September 2015). "Miraculous Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir To Debut in December on Nickelodeon". Comicbook.com. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  14. ^ McLean, Tom (4 December 2015). "ZAG's 'Miraculous' Debuts Dec. 6 on Nick". Animation Magazine. Retrieved 21 February 2016. ZAG Animation's long-in-the-works superhero animated series Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir, debuts in the United States at noon ET/PT Dec. 6 on Nickelodeon.
  15. ^ a b Komatsu, Mikikazu (4 September 2012). "Toei helps creating a new French magical girl show". Crunchyroll. a new TV anime series called Lady Bug or Miraculous Ladybug
  16. ^ a b Loo, Egan (5 September 2012). "Zagtoon, Toei's Ladybug Animated Trailer Streamed". Anime News Network.
  17. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (6 June 2012). "Japan's Toei to co-produce 'Miraculous'". Variety. Zagtoon has enrolled Japan's Toei Animation to co-produce "Miraculous" (working title), a Paris-set comedy-action series
  18. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalin (6 June 2012). "Toei Animation to Co-Produce French Cartoon Miraculous". Anime News Network.
  19. ^ "The official magazine of Miraculous on the Italian newsstand". licensingmagazine.com. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Miraculous va enchanter TFou ! sur TF1". Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  21. ^ a b 글로벌 공동제작 애니메이션 '레이디버그' EBS 세계 최초 방송 (9월1일 오후 7시) [EBS to be the First in the World to Broadcast Ladybug, a Multinational Animated Co-Production (from 1 September at 7 pm)] (Press release) (in Korean). Educational Broadcasting System. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  22. ^ a b "Stormy Weather". TV Guide UK. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  23. ^ a b "PGS Secures Deals For 'LadyBug'". Animation Magazine. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  24. ^ Keslassey, Elsa (29 January 2012). "Zagtoon Pictures' pipeline includes $50 million 'Lady Bug'". Variety. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  25. ^ @Thomas_Astruc (24 February 2016). "@AllergicCatLady @MiraculousLadybug_Cartoon Because canon langage is french and fansubbing always contain errors" (Tweet). Retrieved 8 March 2016 – via Twitter.
  26. ^ "zag inc". zagtoon.com. Archived from the original on 27 November 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  27. ^ Miraculous Ladybug – 6 Things You Need To Become A Miraculous Superhero – Nick. YouTube. 12 December 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  28. ^ Astruc, Thomas. "@ClalaPurpl3 26 per season". twitter.com. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  29. ^ "GERARD Cécile on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  30. ^ "Miraculous 🐞 Ladybug on Instagram: "It's official! And check out panel highlights, interviews, and fan reactions from #SDCC as recorded by @iamlindaleerose at the link in our…"". Instagram. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  31. ^ a b TF1 Pro [@TF1Pro] (26 March 2019). "#Evénement #TFou @TF1– #MiraculousLadybugseason3 – Après deux premières saisons au succès international, découvrez la 3è saison inédite et exceptionnelle à partir du dimanche 14 avril à 9h35 #TF1 – #Ladybug et #ChatNoir – Nouveaux pouvoirs, nouveaux vilains, nouvelles émotions...pic.twitter.com/zn4koPnMiq" (Tweet) (in French). Retrieved 27 March 2019 – via Twitter.
  32. ^ a b "TFOU". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  33. ^ "TFOU". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  34. ^ Miraculous (11 January 2020). "Season 3, part 2 hits Netflix US February 1st.pic.twitter.com/mIWkxGr4nC". @BeMiraculousLB. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  35. ^ "https://twitter.com/iamlindaleerose/status/1321261050570784768". Twitter. Retrieved 28 October 2020. External link in |title= (help)
  36. ^ a b Keslassy, Elsa (4 October 2010). "Duo prep S3D superhero toon – 'Lady Bug' to involve toys, comicbooks, Apple apps". Variety. Retrieved 26 January 2016. Univergroup Pictures and Onyx Films are joining forces to produce 'Miraculous Lady Bug'
  37. ^ Astruc, Thomas. "Miraculous Thomas Astruc FAQ". Tumblr. Archived from the original on 21 March 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Nolife (8 March 2016). 101 PUR 100 No. 23 Thomas Astruc & Wilfried Pain (Miraculous Ladybug). Interviewed by Davy Mourier. YouTube. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  39. ^ a b @Thomas_Astruc (23 September 2015). "@WatermelonSoup in the trailer, the male character you're talking is called Félix" (Tweet). Retrieved 5 March 2016 – via Twitter.
  40. ^ @Thomas_Astruc (27 October 2015). "@raff_rafflesia Me too. Adrien is more interesting storywise, while Félix was more an anime cliché. That's why we discarded him" (Tweet). Retrieved 5 March 2016 – via Twitter.
  41. ^ "Countdown to Miraculous Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir Is On". bsckids.com. 5 December 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  42. ^ @Thomas_Astruc (25 September 2015). "@OrangeRux Even though he wasn't fit to be our hero, Félix's still an interesting character. Given the opportunity, I'll make him come back" (Tweet). Retrieved 5 March 2016 – via Twitter.
  43. ^ Thomas Astruc [@Thomas_Astruc] (14 February 2016). "@AbbysMaxine No matter what Félix's lovers think, this character was a poor idea. He's yours to fanfic with. I won't waste my time on him" (Tweet). Retrieved 5 March 2016 – via Twitter.
  44. ^ a b c Elsa Keslassy (6 June 2012). "Zagtoon to produce 'Knight Five'". Variety. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  45. ^ "Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir". Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  46. ^ a b c SK브로드밴드, 글로벌애니매이션 공동제작 [SK Broadband to Join in Multinational Animated Co-Production] (Press release) (in Korean). SK Broadband. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  47. ^ a b 최인영 (21 November 2012). SKB, 글로벌 애니메이션 제작 추진 [SK Broadband to Push Ahead with Multinational Animated Production] (in Korean). Seoul. Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 21 March 2016 – via Naver.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  48. ^ "Thomas Astruc on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  49. ^ "At last! The lyrics to the Miraculous Ladybug PV?". Melissa J. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  50. ^ a b c d Krystal Kitsune (24 December 2015). "INTERVIEW WITH: Miraculous Ladybug executive producer, Jared Wolfson". The Kitsune Network.
  51. ^ "Zag CEO: Miraculous Ladybug Has 2D Original Animation Video in Development". Anime News Network. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  52. ^ "Jeremy Zag on Instagram: "Miraculous Ladybug working session at Toei Animation Japan"". Instagram. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  53. ^ "Thomas Astruc on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  54. ^ "Miraculous Ladybug 2D OVA is Confirmed! | Anime Amino". Anime | aminoapps.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  55. ^ Winny (21 June 2016). "Yes. It's written at the same time. And no, not exactly : It's also written one by one. and I'm not joking here". @Winny_BayDay. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  56. ^ Ji-eun, Nam (3 August 2015). "S. Korea, France and Japan cooperate on new animation program". The Hankyoreh. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  57. ^ Ladybug World Premiere #1. YouTube. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  58. ^ "Trailer de Ladybug, finalement en 3D" (in French). 21 October 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  59. ^ "Jeremy Zag on Instagram". Instagram.
  60. ^ Binoist, Aurélie (22 September 2015). "Miraculous press kit" (PDF) (in French). tf1pro.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 October 2015.
  61. ^ Thomas Astruc (12 February 2016). "How long does it take on average to write an episode?". Tumblr. Archived from the original on 20 March 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  62. ^ "Noam Kaniel". Frogtoon Music. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  63. ^ Child, Wendy (12 October 2015). "A super fun theme song that I got to sing on with Cash Calloway. Check it out! Channel your inner Ladybug power" – via Facebook.[better source needed]
  64. ^ "The Mime". Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir. Episode 13. Event occurs at Closing credits, Opening Title Music Theme.
  65. ^ a b Thomas J. McLean (20 May 2014). "PGS Secures Deals For 'LadyBug'". Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  66. ^ SK브로드밴드, B TV 미라큘러스 레이디버그 국내 최초 VOD 독점 방영 [SK Broadband to be the First in the Country to Release Miraculous Ladybug on VOD, Exclusively on B TV] (Press release) (in Korean). SK Broadband. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  67. ^ 12/7일 첫방영! 디즈니채널/ 미라큘러스 방영안내 [Miraculous on Disney Channel: a Network Premiere, from 7 December] (in Korean). SAMG Animation. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  68. ^ Liu, Ed (10 September 2015). "Nickelodeon Debuts "Miraculous Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir" on December 6, 2015". Toon Zone News. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  69. ^ Dickson, Jeremy (10 September 2015). "Nick US to debut Miraculous Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir". Kidscreen. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  70. ^ Zag, Jeremy (24 June 2015). "Ladybug will finally air on Nickelodeon this Fall!". Instagram. Archived from the original on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  71. ^ AWN Staff Editor (12 July 2017). "'Miraculous Ladybug' Hops onto Newly-Launched KidsClick". Animation World Network.
  72. ^ "Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir". kidsclick.com. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  73. ^ ""Miraculous™: Tales of Ladybug and Cat Noir" from The ZAG Company to Air on Disney Channel" (Press release). Santa Monica, California: ZAG Entertainment. 8 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019 – via The Associated Press.
  74. ^ "Miraculous : Les Aventures de Ladybug et Chat Noir". Télé-Québec (in French). Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  75. ^ "Superstars and superheroes land on Family Channel beginning today". DHX Media. 1 November 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  76. ^ "Miraculous Gets Green Light for Two More Seasons – TVKIDS". worldscreen.com. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  77. ^ "Miraculous Gets Green Light for Two More Seasons - TVKIDS". worldscreen.com. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  78. ^ "Xonqizining Sarguzashtlari 2019-yilning iyul oyidan Milly TVda". Milliy.tv. 1 July 2019.
  79. ^ "Miraculous Tales of Ladybug And Cat Noir". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  80. ^ "Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug and Cat Noir". TVNZ. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  81. ^ Dennison, Kara (16 June 2018). "Miraculous Ladybug Swoops into Japan". Crunchyroll. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  82. ^ 室園あ子 (15 June 2018). 世界120か国を席巻!「ミラキュラス レディバグ&シャノワール」ついに日本上陸. Anime! Anime! (in Japanese). Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  83. ^ 仏・韓・日共同制作アニメ『ミラキュラス』日本初放送 [Miraculous, a French-(South) Korean-Japanese Animated Co-production, to Have a Japanese Premiere]. Oricon News (in Japanese). 15 June 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  84. ^ Disney Channel (Japan) [@disneychanneljp] (14 June 2018). 「ミラキュラス レディバグ&シャノワール」放送日発表! [Miraculous: Ladybug & Chat Noir broadcast date announcement] (Tweet) (in Japanese). Retrieved 9 July 2018 – via Twitter.
  85. ^ 「ミラキュラス レディバグ&シャノワール」ディズニー・チャンネルにて7月23日(月)12:30より日本初放送! [Japanese Premiere of Miraculous: Ladybug & Chat Noir on Monday, 23 July at 12:30 on Disney Channel] (Press release) (in Japanese). The Walt Disney Company (Japan) Ltd. PR Times. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  86. ^ "Dimanche 11 décembre sur TFOU, Miraculous "Pire Noël" !". tf1.fr. 22 November 2016. Archived from the original on 6 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  87. ^ lefigaro.fr (27 October 2017). "Thomas Astruc : "Avec Miraculous, nous savons où nous voulons aller"". lefigaro.fr. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  88. ^ "Instagram post by Jeremy Zag • Jun 4, 2017 at 8:41 am UTC". Instagram. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  89. ^ "Miraculous – Geschichten von Ladybug und Cat Noir S02E01: Der Collector (The Collector)". fernsehserien.de (in German). Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  90. ^ "ZAG's Miraculous™ Ladybug Takes Flight This Christmas On Netflix" (Press release). Glendale, California: ZAG Entertainment. 20 December 2016 – via PR Newswire.
  91. ^ "Las Aventuras De Ladybug. Temporada 3. Episodio 1". Movistar+ (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  92. ^ MLadybug Spain [@ladybugspain] (24 November 2018). "¡¡¡CONFIRMAMOS!!! Aquí está el anuncio del primer episodio de la tercera temporada de #MiraculousLadybug. El episodio se estrenará el sábado 1 de diciembre a las 10:40" (Tweet) (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 November 2018 – via Twitter.
  93. ^ "MIRACULOUS CHIBI". YouTube.
  94. ^ Zahed, Ramin (9 July 2018). "News Bytes: 'Miraculous' at Comic-Con, Imagen Awards, iPi Soft V.4, and More". Animation Magazine.
  95. ^ "Kimberly Cooper". HuffPost. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  96. ^ Cooper, Kimberly (27 February 2016). "Biracial Diversity in Animation: Thomas Astruc Scores Big with Miraculous Ladybug". Literatigurl. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  97. ^ Donovan, Caitlin (30 December 2015). "Top 10 Animated Series of 2015". epicstream.com. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  98. ^ Anders, Ella (2 July 2015). "Part Magical Girl, Part Superhero; Ladybug Arrives State-Side in Fall". BSCkids. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  99. ^ North American Precis Syndicate (10 February 2016). "SuperHERoes To Rule The Playroom And Beyond". The Star-Ledger. NAPSI. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  100. ^ Reiher, Amanda (4 December 2015). "Ladybug and Cat Noir will be kids' favorite new superheroes". Zap2It. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  101. ^ Kidscreen articles:
  102. ^ Brott, Armin; Feuss, Samantha (18 February 2016). "Toy trends for 2016". Waterloo Region Record. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  103. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Jeremy Zag on Instagram: "Thanks to your love!!!!! 😍 #zagheroez #miraculousladybug"". Instagram. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  104. ^ "Winners: 2017 OVA-ies TV Animation Awards | Overly Animated Podcast". Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  105. ^ Douglas, Esme (12 August 2018). "See the full list of winners from the 2018 Teen Choice Awards". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  106. ^ "Winners: 2018 OVA-ies TV Animation Awards | Overly Animated Podcast". Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  107. ^ "The 2019 Tell-Tale TV Awards: Results! One Day at a Time, SEAL Team, Killing Eve, Shadowhunters, and Queer Eye Among Winners". www.telltaletv.com. 5 February 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  108. ^ "Bologna Licensing Awards Winners Revealed". licenseglobal.com. 7 May 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  109. ^ "Miraculous - Tales of Ladybug and Cat Noir is getting its first mobile game next month". licensing.biz. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  110. ^ Jones, Elton (29 April 2018). "5 Miraculous Ladybug & Cat Noir Tips & Tricks You Need to Know". heavy.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  111. ^ Network, Miraculous World (5 April 2019). "A new #MiraculousLadybug mobile game is in the works! Coming soon!pic.twitter.com/zz5DPErcmY". @MiraculousINTL. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  112. ^ Network, Miraculous World (14 May 2019). "New #Miraculous mobile game in development! (no release date announced yet) Look at the cute Kwamis! (Posted by Jeremy Zag on Instagram)pic.twitter.com/x0nin1OmlD". @MiraculousINTL. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  113. ^ "Jeremy Zag on Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  114. ^ Petski, Denise (5 September 2018). "Skydance Developing Live-Action Adaptations Of 'Miraculous – Tales Of Ladybug & Cat Noir' For TV & Film". Deadline. Retrieved 17 January 2019.

External linksEdit