Ministry of the Environment (Sweden)
The Ministry of the Environment (Swedish: Miljödepartementet) is a government ministry in Sweden responsible for the government's environmental policies regarding chemicals, natural environment and biological diversity.
The ministry was founded in 1987 as the Ministry of the Environment and Energy (Swedish: Miljö- och energidepartementet). Previously environmental issues had been handled by the Ministry of Agriculture (Swedish: Jordbruksdepartementet) and energy issues had been handled by the Ministry of Industry. In 1990 the short form name of Ministry of the Environment was used, and energy issues transferred back to the Ministry of Industry, although supervision of nuclear energy was retained. In 1991 the ministry was renamed to the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (Swedish: Miljö- och naturresursdepartementet).
From 1 November 2004 to 1 January 2007, during the cabinet of Göran Persson, the ministry was known as the Ministry of Sustainable Development (Swedish: Miljö- och samhällsbyggnadsdepartementet). The cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt — which took office on October 6, 2006 — used the short form name again, transferred energy issues to the Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications, and housing issues were transferred to the Ministry of Finance. In 2014, the department reverted to its original name under the newly installed cabinet of Stefan Löfven.
Areas of responsibilityEdit
The areas of responsibility are:
- Chemicals policy
- Climate policy
- Ecocycle policy
- Environmental legislation and quality objectives
- Nature conservation and biological diversity
- Sustainable Development
- Water and seas
The ministry is headed by the Minister for Climate and the Environment, currently Karolina Skog (mp), and Ibrahim Baylan (s) as Minister for Energy, who are appointed by the Prime Minister. Below ministerial level, operations are directed by a State Secretary (Swedish: statssekreterare). The ministry also has a press secretary and political advisers, who work closely with the minister on policy issues.
The Ministry is divided by nine divisions and the ministry leadership.
- Division for Climate
- Division for Natural Environment
- Division for Chemicals
- Division for Environmental Assessment
- Division for Environmental Objectives
- Division for Coordination and Support
- Division for Legal Services
- Division for International Affairs
- Division for Communication
The Ministry of the Environment and Energy is principal to the following government agencies:
- Formas (Forskningsrådet för miljö, areella näringar och samhällsbyggande)
- Chemicals Agency (Kemikalieinspektionen)
- Nuclear Waste Fund (Kärnavfallsfonden)
- Environmental Protection Agency (Naturvårdsverket)
- Geotechnical Institute (Statens geotekniska institut)
- Radiation Safety Authority (Strålsäkerhetsmyndigheten)
- Water Supply and Sewage Tribunal (Statens va-nämnd)
- Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut)
- Agency for Marine and Water Management (Havs- och vattenmyndigheten)
- "Miljödepartementet". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 13 November 2010.[permanent dead link](subscription required)
- "Organisation". The Government of Sweden. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "Contact the Ministry of the Environment". The Government of Sweden. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "Areas of responsibility". The Government of Sweden. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.