Ministry of Labour and Employment (India)

The Ministry of Labour & Employment is one of the oldest and important Ministries of the Government of India. The Ministry of Labour and Employment is India's federal ministry which is responsible to protect and safeguard the interest of workers in general and the poor, deprived and disadvantaged sections of the society.[2] The Ministry aims to create a healthy work environment for higher production and productivity and to develop and coordinate vocational skill training and employment.[2] However, Skill Development responsibilities, such as Industrial Training and Apprenticeship responsibilities were transferred to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship from 9 November 2014[3] The Ministry launched the National Career Service portal on 20 July 2015 to help bridge the gap between job providers and job seekers.

Ministry of Labourband Emblem_of_India.svg
Agency overview
JurisdictionIndiaRepublic of India
HeadquartersRafi Marg, New Delhi
Annual budget7,700 crore (US$1.1 billion) (2018-19 est.)[1]
Minister responsible


Role and WorkingEdit


The thrust areas of the ministry are:[4]

  • Labour Policy and legislation
  • Safety, health and welfare of labour
  • Social security of labour
  • Policy relating to special target groups such as women and child labour
  • Industrial relations and enforcement of labour laws in the Central sphere
  • Adjudication of industrial disputes through Central Government Industrial Tribunals cum Labour Courts and National Industrial Tribunals
  • Workers' Education
  • Labour and Employment Statistics

The results of recession [5] on employment in the eight selected sectors textiles including apparels, leather, metals, automobiles, gems & jewellery, transport, IT/BPO and handloom / powerloom were monitored starting from Oct-Dec 2008. The overall employment in the eight selected sectors covered in the quarterly surveys has increased by 10.66 lakh (0.16%). In IT/BPO sector the increase in the employment is maximum (6.9 lakh) during the year 2009-10.

  • Emigration of Labour for employment abroad
  • Employment services and vocational training
  • Administration of Central Labour & Employment Services
  • International co-operation in labour and employment matters


The attached and subordinate offices, autonomous organisations, adjudicating bodies and arbitration bodies are:[2]

Attached officesEdit

  • Directorate General of Employment [6]
  • Office of Chief Labour Commissioner has the power to rusticate any labour in charge of the country
  • Commissioner

Subordinate officesEdit

  • Directorate General of Mines Safety
  • Welfare Commissioners

Autonomous organisationsEdit

Adjudicating bodyEdit

  • Central Government Industrial Tribunals and Labour Courts

Arbitration BodyEdit

  • Central Labour Institute

Labour Ministers of IndiaEdit

For further information, see Minister of Labour and Employment

Cabinet MinistersEdit

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)Edit

Ministers of StateEdit


  1. ^ "Budget data" (PDF). 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "Ministry of Labour and Employment Annual Report for Year 2011-2012" (PDF). Ministry of Labour and Employment. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  3. ^ "National Skill Development Mission".
  4. ^ "Thrust Areas of Ministry of Labour & Employment, Govt. of India".
  6. ^ "Directorate General of Employment (DGE) | Ministry of Labour & Employment". 19 April 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.

External linksEdit