Ministry of Finance (Indonesia)

The Ministry of Finance is an Indonesian government ministry responsible for the nation's finance and state assets. The Finance Minister is responsible to the President. The ministry's motto is Nagara Dana Rakça, which means "guardian of state finance".

Republic of Indonesia
Ministry of Finance
Kementerian Keuangan
Logo of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia.png
Gedung Departemen Keuangan RI.jpg
The A.A. Maramis Building, the headquarters of the Indonesian Ministry of Finance
Ministry overview
Formed19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)
JurisdictionGovernment of Indonesia
HeadquartersGedung Djuanda I
Jalan Dr. Wahidin Raya No. 1
Jakarta Pusat 10710
Jakarta, Indonesia
Ministers responsible
Websitekemenkeu.go.id

HistoryEdit

Colonial PeriodEdit

The Dutch East India Company was given octrooi to print money during the rule of Governor General Jan Pieterszoon Coen. Since the 17th century, the Dutch East India Company increased state revenue. The company raised state revenue by an obligation to surrender agricultural products (verplichte leverentie), restrictions on agricultural production (contingenten, which increased the price) and obligations to plant strategic agricultural products such as coffee (preangerstelsel).[1]

When the British took over Dutch East India as part of the War of the Sixth Coalition and assigned Stamford Raffles as Lieutenant-Governor, he instituted reformation through land tax (landrent), which changed the former Dutch system, to enable the public to buy British products with money. This reform failed to introduce a standardized monetary system because of a lack of support from the local aristocracy and inadequate public knowledge of money and taxation calculation.[1]

After the Napoleonic Wars, Dutch East India was returned to the Dutch by the British under the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814. Governor General Du Bus resumed economic development and established De Javasche Bank as part of financial and payment system reform. In 1836, van den Bosch introduced forced plantation (cultuurstelsel) to produce global-favored products. Forced plantation replaced the land tax system and aimed to introduce monetary economics to society. Forced plantation and forced labor had sufficient effect to introduce monetary economics.[1]

Government policy was shifted into liberal economics. The policy was implemented as "laissez faire, laissez passer", in which economic responsibility is shifted to the private sector. The Department of Finance (Departement van Financien) was established to coordinate, develop and support financial administration. Centralized financial administration was done to facilitate management of state revenue and expenditure.[1]

The Second World War put the Dutch colonial government in a difficult position. Before the Japanese landing, the President of De Javasche Bank, Dr. G.G. van Buttingha Wichers, sent gold deposits to South Africa and Australia from Cilacap. The Japanese colonial government forced the surrender of British, Dutch and Chinese Bank and invasion money. The war created a financial crisis.[1]

Early IndependenceEdit

After Japan's surrender to the Allied powers in August 1945, Indonesia declared independence. The economic situation was dire because of high inflation (due to circulation of De Javasche Bank money, Dutch East Indies money and Japanese Yen). Dr. Samsi, as Minister of Finance, had information that Escompto Bank in Surabaya held reserve money from the Dutch Colonial Government.[1]

OrganizationEdit

  • Minister of Finance
  • Deputy Minister of Finance
    • Inspectorate General of Finance
    • 8 Assistant Ministers
    • Secretariat General
      • Center for Financial Information System and Technology
      • Finance Professions Supervisory Center
      • Center for Policy Analysis and Harmonization
      • Center of Electronic Procurement Service
      • Secretary of The Tax Court
      • Government Investment Center
      • Secretary of Taxation Supervisory Committee
      • Educational Fund Management Institution
    • Directorate General of the State Budget
    • Directorate General of Taxes
    • Directorate General of Customs and Excise
    • Directorate General of the Treasury
    • Directorate General of State Assets Management
    • Directorate General of Fiscal Balance
    • Directorate General of Debt and Risk Management
    • Fiscal Policy Agency
    • Education and Financial Training Agency

Task and FunctionsEdit

TaskEdit

To run governance in terms of state finance in order to assist the President in running state governance.

FunctionsEdit

Formulating, stipulating, and implementing policies in terms of budgeting, taxes, customs and excise, treasury, state assets management, fiscal balance, and budget financing and risk management; Formulating, stipulating and providing recommendations in fiscal and financial sector policies; Coordinating tasks implementation, developing, and providing administration support to entire elements of organization in the Ministry of Finance; Managing State properties/assets that are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance; Supervising tasks implementation in the Ministry of Finance; Holding technical guidance and supervision for the Minister of Finance’s affairs in regions; Implementing technical activities from central to regions; Holding education, training, and competence certification in terms of State finance; and Providing substantial support to entire elements of organization in the Ministry of Finance [2]

List of Minister of FinanceEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f History of Ministry of Finance Archived 9 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine (Indonesian)
  2. ^ Task and Functions (Indonesian)