Miguel de Benavides

Miguel de Benavides y Añoza, O.P. (c. 1552 – July 26, 1605) was a Spanish clergyman and sinologist who was the third Archbishop of Manila. He previously served as the first Bishop of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia, and was the founder of the University of Santo Tomas in the City of Manila.[1][2]

The Most Reverend

Miguel de Benavides

Archbishop of Manila
Miguel de Benavides1.JPG
InstalledOctober 7, 1602
Term endedJuly 26, 1605
PredecessorIgnacio Santibáñez, O.F.M.
SuccessorDiego Vázquez de Mercado
Other postsBishop of Nueva Segovia
Personal details
Bornc. 1552
Carrión de los Condes, Spain
Died26 July 1605 (aged 52–53)
Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
DenominationRoman Catholic
Styles of
Arzobispo Miguel de Benavides
Mitre plain 2.png
Reference styleMonseñor
Spoken styleSu Excelencia Reverendísima
Religious styleReverendísimo


Miguel de Benavides was born in 1552, to a noble family in Carrión de los Condes, Spain. He entered the Dominican Order in San Pablo de la Moraleja, Valladolid, and later rendered service in Colegio de San Gregorio.[1]

He joined the first group of Dominicans going to Manila in 1587, proceeding with them on to China where he hoped to expand the local Catholic church. He was later exiled, and established a hospital for the Chinese in Binondo, Manila, before becoming the head of his order. He accompanied Bishop Domingo de Salazar, the first bishop of Manila, to Spain to defend the native Filipinos against Spanish oppression.[1]


He was appointed as the first bishop of Nueva Segovia and was consecrated in Mexico in 1597.[3] He authored the Doctrina Christiana in Chinese, one of the earliest books printed in the Philippines. He arrived in Nueva Segovia in 1599 but was, after three years, appointed as the Archbishop of Manila on October 7, 1602. His installation in Manila was financed by King Philip III himself, for Benavides was extremely poor. On September 9, 1603, he directed the Franciscans to oversee the Japanese staying in the Philippines.[citation needed] In the same year, he warned the government about the nascent revolt of the Chinese population although he was also criticized for inciting it with his sermons.[1]


He died on July 26, 1605 in Manila.

His library and personal property worth ₱1,500 were donated for the establishment of an institution of higher learning, now known as the University of Santo Tomas.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e Aparicio, A.; Tejero, P.; et al. (2006 August). News in Print: Special Issue. Retrieved December 23, 2009, from https://www.scribd.com
  2. ^ Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). HIERARCHIA CATHOLICA MEDII ET RECENTIORIS AEVI Vol IV. Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. pp. 261 and 230. (in Latin)
  3. ^ "Archbishop Miguel de Benavides, O.P." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved June 11, 2017

External links and additional sourcesEdit

Religious titles
Preceded by
Bishop of Nueva Segovia
Succeeded by
Diego Soria
Preceded by
Ignacio Santibáñez
Archbishop of Manila
Succeeded by
Diego Vázquez de Mercado