Mengen is a town in the district of Sigmaringen, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 9 km southeast of Sigmaringen.

Mengen
Coat of arms of Mengen
Coat of arms
Location of Mengen within Sigmaringen district
Karte Mengen.png
Mengen is located in Germany
Mengen
Mengen
Mengen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Mengen
Mengen
Coordinates: 48°2′59″N 9°19′48″E / 48.04972°N 9.33000°E / 48.04972; 9.33000Coordinates: 48°2′59″N 9°19′48″E / 48.04972°N 9.33000°E / 48.04972; 9.33000
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionTübingen
DistrictSigmaringen
Subdivisions5
Government
 • MayorStefan Bubeck
Area
 • Total49.80 km2 (19.23 sq mi)
Elevation
561 m (1,841 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total9,896
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
88508–88512
Dialling codes07572
Vehicle registrationSIG
Websitewww.mengen.de

HistoryEdit

The area has been inhabited since the amounts in prehistoric and early historical times. So were found in amounts two Late Bronze Age graves cars with many metal artifacts. Romans built shortly after the birth of Christ, the castle on the Ennetach. The Romans laid their now superfluous older Danube line of Raetian Limes direction Alb and Neckar, but settled to about 260 more in Ennetach. Then they were driven out by the invading Alemanni. These settled in the area and founded many places with the endings "-ingen", the possibility Me-ingen.

In 1876 it was found on the site of a former Roman villa rustica so far the only preserved in Upper Swabia color mosaic of the Roman period. It shows in a medallion the head of Medusa and legendary figure remains plait, to which was joined by other original medallions. The remaining parts of the mosaic floor are not preserved. The Villa Rustica is now completely built and little explored. Known as "Medusa of amounts" since it was the Second World War have been lost. After the discovery in 2002 in the Landesmuseum Württemberg, it has been restored and is now on display in the Roman Museum quantity Ennetach.

Was first mentioned in a document the area, bequeathed as Emperor Louis the Pious in 819 areas of the Ablach to the monastery Buchau. 1170 is held Frederick I Barbarossa on in the city and held a court day. 1257 is documented for the first time a free quantities ("Vrie amounts"). The new amounts (where it is today), built around 1150-1250, was created next to the old volumes (today Ennetach). The old and the new amounts were separated by the river Ablach, therefore, in order to distinguish between the two places, the old amounts "beyond the river" (Ennet alas) called.

On March 4, 1276 acquires amounts the municipal law, issued in Augsburg by King Rudolf von Habsburg.

Quantities was 1276 to 1805 as one of the so-called five Danube cities Vorderösterreich(together with Ehingen, Munderkingen, Riedlingen and Bad Saulgau). In 1806, volumes fell by Napoleon and the Peace of Pressburg to the Kingdom of Württemberg.

To 18 May 1632 amounts during the Thirty Years War by Swedish troops was hard pressed, but have not been taken. The inhabitants had intensively called the Mother of God, to stand next to them and therefore wrote this also the salvation of the city from the attacking soldiers, which is why the May Day is celebrated annually in quantities today. [4] In 1774 there were in total 23 volumes trattorias, of which 21 were brewing their beer itself. [5] On October 7, 1819 broke in quantities from a fire in the old town. Then the "Great Fire of quantities', which was fought by comparatively simple means fell, many buildings victim.

Between 1870 and 1872 amounts was connected to the Württemberg and Baden railway network. 1895/1896 it was thanks to an own investment in the city's first electricity, 1900 received amounts flowing water.

On the airfield quantity Hohentengen was the Dornier Do 335, one of the fastest fighter of World War II, tested.

TransportationEdit

There is a regular public railway transportation between Ulm and Neustadt.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.