Meßstetten

Meßstetten is a town in the Zollernalbkreis district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated in the Swabian Jura, 24 km southeast of Balingen. It is close to the Heuberg Training Area with the Lager Heuberg. Within the Heuberg Training Area there is the legendary Dreibannmarke, also called the "Bahn", a 17th-century border, which today marks the border between three different municipalities, formerly in the three states of Württemberg, Baden, and Hohenzollern. The meadow at the Dreibannmarke served as a stopping place for traveling merchants, wagons and craftsmen. With care it is possible to identify traces of the border. After the inauguration of the firing ranges, a meadow in Meßstetten was allocated as a camping site at the edge of the restricted area. Until 1835 merchandise was smuggled over the customs borders guarded by local hunters. Coffee smuggler Haux had was killed on 21 July 1831 in Pfaffental.

Meßstetten
View across Meßstetten
View across Meßstetten
Coat of arms of Meßstetten
Coat of arms
Location of Meßstetten within Zollernalbkreis district
Meßstetten in BL.svg
Meßstetten is located in Germany
Meßstetten
Meßstetten
Meßstetten is located in Baden-Württemberg
Meßstetten
Meßstetten
Coordinates: 48°10′50″N 08°57′45″E / 48.18056°N 8.96250°E / 48.18056; 8.96250Coordinates: 48°10′50″N 08°57′45″E / 48.18056°N 8.96250°E / 48.18056; 8.96250
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionTübingen
DistrictZollernalbkreis
Government
 • MayorFrank Schroft
Area
 • Total76.82 km2 (29.66 sq mi)
Elevation
907 m (2,976 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total10,653
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
72465–72469
Dialling codes07431, 07579, 07436
Vehicle registrationBL, HCH
Websitewww.messstetten.de
Water tower Rauer Bühl, a landmark of Meßstetten.

The local economy mixes agriculture with services and small-scale industry. Most of Meßstetten today has a residential character with many citizens working in the highly industrial areas of Albstadt or in Balingen. Only in Tieringen is an industrial area. A blacksmith developed to an industrial character, also a textile firm.[2][3][4]

Sister citiesEdit

ReligionsEdit

The following religions are present in Meßstetten:

On 11 May 1525 the priest of (Meßstetten-Ober) Digisheim blessed the army in the German Peasants' War.[6]

Food and drinkEdit

 
Musmehl, main ingredient of Brenntar
  • Brenntar, was a Swabian staple foodstuff[7], of the old Meßstetten. It is made of a specially roasted flour called Musmehl. Roggensuppe(breakfast) is made of rye flour[8]
  • Alb-Leisa, traditional lentil varieties of this region.
  • Most Traditional production of perry.

Shrove ThursdayEdit

On this day the townhall is in the hands of the Fasnetsnarren.[9] In Meßstetten the carnival play[10][11] "Müllers Schuh im Mehlkasten" is historical.The Heuberg Training Area was criticized in the construction phase. "Funkenfeuer/Spark-Fire" is historical.[12][13] In 2018 the ladies of the Royal Harem and Scheich Schrofti citicized the Police School in the construction phase.[14][15] An old historical "freier Markt" is in the near Oberndorf am Neckar, also in Rottweil. During Fasnet the famous Fasnet-Küchle are made.[16] Persons come with "Affagsichter" and "Schnitzbuckel"[17] In 2017 was a big event in Hartheim. All roads were closed for over five hours.[18] Sitting Bull (Mayor Frank Schroft) had big problems to put in the faucet to get the first beer [19] In 2020 the assault gun fell out because of a barrel burst.[20]

MiningEdit

In former times iron ore was mined on the Heuberg.[21] Fidel Eppler was the name of the mine inspector. The buttress wood was bought in Truchtelfingen and used by Lautlingen miners at the Hörnle area.[22] In Oberdigisheim Geppert in 1738 SHW-Ludwigsthal produced iron ore.[23] From an old 3.5 km mine in an ooidal iron ore seam (Doggererzflöz) in Weilheim is wood in the Tuttlinger Fruchtkasten.[24] Steel was produced in Tuttlingen by the Schwäbische Hüttenwerke in Ludwigstal, which produces now iron brakes. In Meßstetten-Michelfeld sand was found in an old arm of Danube. Christian Kiesinger (1876-1969) father of Kurt Georg Kiesinger[25] had a factory. Ooidal iron ore (Bohnerz aus Eisenroggenstein) was found.[26] After the Franco-Prussian War the mining was stopped.[27] Jet work (to make black jewellery which was very fashionable),was called Beinschnitzen.[28][29]

MountainEdit

The mountain range is protected as Upper Danube Nature Park, and is a popular tourist destination, especially for hiking,[30] camping, mountaineering, horse back riding, mountain biking, skiing and snowboarding. The Schwäbischer Albverein and the Naturschutzbund Deutschland Alb Guides made many tours.[31][32] The Schwäbische-Alb-Nordrand-Weg is a long distance way. The most famous is the Hossinger Leiter.[33] It is an old way to the Tübingen–Sigmaringen railway from Hossingen and Oberdigisheim. [34]

Smuggling until 1835Edit

smuggling across the border( Württemberg, Baden, Province of Hohenzollern)in Meßstetten to ,from Meßsteten- Heinstetten, Straßberg

Danube tour guidesEdit

  • historic backdrop as an event location. Door to door saleswoman( Hausierin), Schwärzerin and Schlimmeres. Father:smuggling iron ore Tuttlingrn (Eisenschmelze Ludwigstal).[35][36]

Smuggler used caves in Meßstetten and Hossingen.[37] Bibles of Martin Luther, coffee, corn and steel was smuggled.[38][39] In 1831 smuggler Haux shoot dead on the path. In the book Via Bologna a murder is on the secret path to the smuggler cave(48°11′19″N 8°57′46″E / 48.188521°N 8.962843°E / 48.188521; 8.962843 (Schmugglerhöhle)), today a hiking way.[40]

GravesEdit

NatureEdit

Fruit TreesEdit

To help people to help themselves Württemberg plant an alley of trees. (Dienstbarkeit on private ground). Hossingen Parkplatz Oberbuch (48°11′31″N 8°56′34″E / 48.191868°N 8.942837°E / 48.191868; 8.942837 (Obstbaumalle hossingen)) Meßstetten Unterdigisheim (48°10′18″N 8°56′52″E / 48.171666°N 8.947783°E / 48.171666; 8.947783 (Obstbaumalle Meßstetten)) Alte Landstraße Obedigisheim (48°10′15″N 8°54′00″E / 48.170788°N 8.900050°E / 48.170788; 8.900050 (Obstbäume))

The tree farms of Wilhelm and the Brüdergemeinde delivered for free.[42][43]

ButterfliesEdit

On 7 July 2017 permission was specially granted by the Regierungspräsidium Karlsruhe for everybody to catch butterflies in Hossingen Rastplatz Oberbuch. It was called Schmetterlingsnacht (Butterflynight). The idea was born at the Schwäbischer Albverein in Hossingen. The state action: Dr. Robert Trusch, Dipl.-Biol, zentrale Landesdatenbank Schmetterlinge, State Museum of Natural History Karlsruhe (SMNK), Entomologische Abteilung.[44]

Herbert Fuchs (Naturschutzbüro Zollernalb) was the leader of the training course.[45]

German Latin Specimens
Nesselzünsler Patania ruralis 1
Weißdorn-Gespinstzünsler Acrobasis advenella 1
Goldhaar-Rindeneule Acronicta auricoma 2
Schwefelgelber Flockenblumen-Wurzelfresser Agapeta zoegana 2
Unscheinbarer Graszünsler Agriphila straminella 1
Gestreifter Graszünsler Agriphila tristella 1
Stengeleule (Artenkomplex) Amphipoea fucosa / lucens / oculea 1
Große Grasbüscheleule Apamea monoglypha 5
Bergheiden-Johanniskraut-Spanner Aplocera praeformata 2
Brauner Bär Arctia caja 1
Ockergelber Blattspanner Camptogramma bilineata 28
Eichen-Faulholzmotte Carcina quercana 1
Löwenzahn-Wurzelwickler Celypha striana 2
Klee-Gitterspanner Chiasmia clathrata 7
Weißer Sichelflügler Cilix glaucata 1
Trapezeule Cosmia trapezina 1
Weißer Graszünsler Crambus perlella 1
Dunkelgrüne Flechteneule Cryphia algae 1
Moosgrüner Rindenspanner Deileptenia ribeata 1
Depressaria chaerophylli 1
Fichtenzapfenzünsler Dioryctria abietella 2
Gelbleib-Flechtenbärchen Eilema complana 6
Nadelwald-Flechtenbärchen Eilema depressa 4
Heidespanner Ematurga atomaria 2
Eschen-Zackenrandspanner Ennomos fuscantaria 1
Gemeiner Bindenspanner Epirrhoe alternata 1
Fleckleib-Labkrautspanner Epirrhoe tristata 1
Mondfleckiger Blütenspanner Eupithecia centaureata 1
Schafgarben-Blütenspanner Eupithecia icterata 10
Dreipunkt-Blütenspanner Eupithecia tripunctaria 5
Grauer Knospenwickler Hedya nubiferana 1
Hellbraune Staubeule Hoplodrina ambigua 32
Heidelbeer-Palpenspanner Hydriomena furcata 1
Nessel-Schnabeleule Hypena proboscidalis 1
Breitgesäumter Zwergspanner Idaea biselata 1
Vierpunkt-Flechtenbärchen Lithosia quadra 1
Kohleule Mamestra brassicae 1
Großes Ochsenauge Maniola jurtina 1
Getreide-Halmeule (Artenkomplex) Mesapamea secalis / secalella / remmi 18
Weißfleck-Graseule Mythimna conigera 20
Kapuzen-Graseule Mythimna ferrago 4
Breitflügelige Bandeule Noctua comes 2
Bunte Bandeule Noctua fimbriata 1
Janthe-Bandeule Noctua janthe 1
Janthina-Bandeule Noctua janthina 1
Hausmutter Noctua pronuba 2
Weißkopf-Wickler Pandemis cinnamomeana 1
Paraswammerdamia albicapitella 1
Kleiner Berberitzenspanner Pareulype berberata 1
Hohlzahn-Kapselspanner Perizoma alchemillata 1
Weißlicher Augentrost-Kapselspanner Perizoma blandiata 1
Zimtbär Phragmatobia fuliginosa 6
Huflattich-Federmotte Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Olivenbrauner Zünsler Pyrausta despicata 1
Purpurroter Zünsler Pyrausta purpuralis 3
Braunbinden-Wellenstriemenspanner Scotopteryx chenopodiata 2
Lärchen-Knospenwickler Spilonota laricana 1
Gelbflügel-Raseneule Thalpophila matura 8
Buschwald-Fettzünsler Udea olivalis 4
Pflaumen-Fettzünsler Udea prunalis 1
Buchen-Sichelflügler Watsonalla cultraria 3
Dunkler Rostfarben-Blattspanner Xanthorhoe ferrugata 5
Vierbinden-Blattspanner Xanthorhoe quadrifasiata 2
Heller Rostfarben-Blattspanner Xanthorhoe spadicearia 2
Rhombus-Bodeneule Xestia stigmatica 3
additions:
Kleiner Totengräber Nicrophorus investigator 1
Gehörnter Mistkäfer Odonteus armiger

LegendsEdit

WangenEdit

 
Radome on Weichenwang at Meßstetten

Places now lost are remembered in legend. A town called "Wangen" between Hossingen and Meßstetten has now disappeared.[46] An as-yet undiscovered Celtic town of Pyrene was mentioned in ancient sources. The identification of Pyrene would bring special honor to researchers, since it is the oldest town in the Upper Danube region known from written sources.[47]

The locality "Neu-Wangenhausen" (Nüwenghausen), mentioned in a document from 1477, could be no other place in the district.[48]

The microtoponyms (flurnames) of the mountaintop "Weng" in the Heuberg Training Area and "Wangen" by the radar installation Weichenwang are in common use.

AntiquitiesEdit

During the construction of a drainage ditch Alfred Ludwig Oetinger, pastor in Meßstetten und Hossingen from 1856 to 1868, discovered a bronze cauldron and potsherds near the Weichenwang. To the great derision of the workmen he secured the finds and forwarded them for scientific evaluation. Around 1850 the area was a frequent target of grave robbers.[49]

The pastor then carried out systematic excavations, first on his own, and later on behalf of the "Staatssammlung vaterländischer Alterthümer" (State Collection of Patriotic Antiquities).[49] The investigators documented unique finds of Celtic wagon burials with preserved wooden pieces and jeweled harness fittings. In 1869 it was impossible to exactly date the finds. Without evidence a very extensive, but short-lived, settlement was postulated at the time of the burials.

HemmadhäddlerEdit

An old story talks about the Hemmadhäddlers, which are said to appear at certain times. A bold teamster from Tieringen was driving an empty wagon over the Weichenwang to Baienberg with a group of men from Hausen am Tann. At midnight he chanced to invoke the Hemmadhäddlers. All passengers survived the encounter with the apparitions, but they had to cut the traces of the skittish horses and abandon the wagon stuck in the deep loam.[50]

Schimmelreiter's secret love-affairEdit

Another old tale tells of a spectral rider on a white horse (Schimmelreiter), who secretly visited his lover on the Weichenwang. Many times in stormy autumn weather a Schimmelreiter is said to be seen riding toward the Weichenwang (Heiligenwang) from the old castle of Burtel near Hossingen, the remains of which are visible today.[51] Regarding the couple, there was a recorded relationship between a knight and the daughter of the lord of the castle, whose homes are said to be the castles of Hossingen and Tierburg. In 1898, Emil Schweizer included a version of this story in his article on the Balingen Mountains (Balinger Bergen).[51] More vague evidence occurs in an old document: the noble knight Kunz acquired a castle in Meßstetten on July 14, 1327, from the Lord of Bubenhofen. It may be that lord of Castle Hossingen in financial difficulties so that he had to pawn his fiefdom to the rich lord of Bubenhofen. Perhaps the Schimmelreitier was Kunz, from Neuentierberg Castle, and had he acquired for his beloved her father's castle in Hossingen.[52]

Notable peopleEdit

The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Meßstetten.

[63]

WebEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Walter Koch: „Marlene“ kommt nach Hause. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, Meßstetten, 1. September 2013.
  3. ^ Walter Koch: „Blacksmith“ Interstuhl. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, Meßstetten, 8.Novemberber 2016.
  4. ^ Karina Eyrich: „Marlene“ kommt nach Hause. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, Meßstetten, 14 September 2017.
  5. ^ St Klaus von Flüe
  6. ^ Karl Dietrich (1844), Württembergischer Volksschriftenverein (ed.), Bauernkrieg im Jahr 1525: Ernst Nüblings Offizin (in German) (2nd ed.), p. 128
  7. ^ Schwäbische Küche Dialekt
  8. ^ Keppler Lehrgehilfe (1901), Fragebogen volkskundliche Überlieferung, Meßstetten: Landesamt für württembergische Volkskunde
  9. ^ : stake. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 23 February 2017.
  10. ^ : USA. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 27. Februar 2017.
  11. ^ : Burladingen. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 27 January 2018.
  12. ^ Sigrid Hirbodian; Andreas Schmauder; Manfred Waßner (2019), Band 19 Eine Stadt im Wandel Die Geschichte von Meßstetten, Gemeinde im Wandel (in German), Tübingen, p. 172
  13. ^ You Toube
  14. ^ : Scheich. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 8. February 2018.
  15. ^ : Polizei. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 8 December 2017.
  16. ^ Hermann Krauß (1989), Orgelfonds-Pfarrer Peter Gall (ed.), Orts und Kirchengeschichte von Meßstetten: 75 jähriges Bestehen der Kirche (in German), Meßstetten
  17. ^ Hagenlocher Lehrer (16 November 1900), Fragebogen volkskundliche Überlieferung (in German), Laufen: Landesamt für Württemberg
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  19. ^ : Fasnet2. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 20 February 2017.
  20. ^ Unfall
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  27. ^ Von Klaus Stopper (28 September 2016). "Eisenindustrie als Sozialprogramm". Schwarzwälder Bote (in German).
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  33. ^ "Gruselige Geschichten". Schwarzwälder Bote (in German). 2017-10-09. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
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  36. ^ Die Grenzgängerin
  37. ^ : Verräterin. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 8. September 2017.
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  39. ^ Martin Kugele (2018), Bibel-Schmuggler versorgten einst die Protestanten in Österreich-Hoffen+Handeln (in German), www.hoffenundhandeln.de 79585Steinen, p. 9
  40. ^ "Via Bologna". Archived from the original on 2018-07-07. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  41. ^ WW 2
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  52. ^ Tanja Gerstenecker (October 24, 2013). "Sagenumwobene Berge". Schwarzwälder Bote. Retrieved Sep 23, 2017.
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  54. ^ Bestand Ho177 T2 Nr.9 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  55. ^ Bestand A 44 U 5686 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  56. ^ Bestand A 44 U 5686 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
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  63. ^ in 2020 german
  64. ^ Klek: Hossinger..: . In: Heimatkundliche Blätter Balingen, , . 2002, Nr. l0, S. 1325f., hier S. 1327.
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  69. ^ : Schmiedledick. In: Badische Zeitung, 16 October 2010
  70. ^ Eckstein (in german)