Meßstetten is a town in the Zollernalbkreis district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated in the Swabian Jura, 24 km southeast of Balingen. It is close to the Heuberg Training Area with the Lager Heuberg. Within the Heuberg Training Area there is the legendary Dreibannmarke, also called the "Bahn", a 17th-century border, which today marks the border between three different municipalities, formerly in the three states of Württemberg, Baden, and Hohenzollern. The meadow at the Dreibannmarke served as a stopping place for traveling merchants, wagons and craftsmen. With care it is possible to identify traces of the border. After the inauguration of the firing ranges, a meadow in Meßstetten was allocated as a camping site at the edge of the restricted area. Until 1835 merchandise was smuggled over the customs borders guarded by local hunters. Coffee smuggler Haux had was killed on 21 July 1831 in Pfaffental.

Meßstetten
View across Meßstetten
View across Meßstetten
Coat of arms of Meßstetten
Coat of arms
Location of Meßstetten within Zollernalbkreis district
Meßstetten in BL.svg
Meßstetten is located in Germany
Meßstetten
Meßstetten
Meßstetten is located in Baden-Württemberg
Meßstetten
Meßstetten
Coordinates: 48°10′50″N 08°57′45″E / 48.18056°N 8.96250°E / 48.18056; 8.96250Coordinates: 48°10′50″N 08°57′45″E / 48.18056°N 8.96250°E / 48.18056; 8.96250
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionTübingen
DistrictZollernalbkreis
Government
 • MayorFrank Schroft
Area
 • Total76.82 km2 (29.66 sq mi)
Elevation
907 m (2,976 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total10,653
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
72465–72469
Dialling codes07431, 07579, 07436
Vehicle registrationBL, HCH
Websitewww.messstetten.de
Water tower Rauer Bühl, a landmark of Meßstetten.

The local economy mixes agriculture with services and small-scale industry. Most of Meßstetten today has a residential character with many citizens working in the highly industrial areas of Albstadt or in Balingen. Only in Tieringen is an industrial area. A blacksmith developed to an industrial character, also a textile firm.[2][3][4]

Sister citiesEdit

ReligionsEdit

The following religions are present in Meßstetten:

On 11 May 1525 the priest of (Meßstetten-Ober) Digisheim blessed the army in the German Peasants' War.[5]

Food and drinkEdit

 
Musmehl, main ingredient of Brenntar

Shrove ThursdayEdit

On this day the townhall is in the hands of the Fasnetsnarren.[6] In Meßstetten the carnival play[7] "Müllers Schuh im Mehlkasten" is historical.The Heuberg Training Area was criticized in the construction phase. [8] In 2018 the ladies of the Royal Harem and Scheich Schrofti citicized the Police School in the construction phase.[9][10] An old historical "freier Markt" is in the near Oberndorf am Neckar, also in Rottweil. During Fasnet the famous Fasnet-Küchle are made.[11] Persons come with "Affagsichter" and "Schnitzbuckel" [12] In 2017 was a big event in Hartheim. All roads were closed for over five hours.[13] Sitting Bull (Mayor Frank Schroft) had big problems to put in the faucet to get the first beer [14]

MiningEdit

In former times iron ore was mined on the Heuberg.[15] Fidel Eppler was the name of the mine inspector. The buttress wood was bought in Truchtelfingen and used by Lautlingen miners at the Hörnle area.[16] In Oberdigisheim Geppert in 1738 SHW-Ludwigsthal produced iron ore.[17] From an old 3.5 km mine in a ooidal iron ore seam (Doggererzflöz) in Weilheim is wood in the Tuttlinger Fruchtkasten.[18] Steel was produced in Tuttlingen by the Schwäbische Hüttenwerke in Ludwigstal, which produces now iron brakes. In Meßstetten-Michelfeld sand was found in an old arm of Danube. Christian Kiesinger (1876-1969) father of Kurt Georg Kiesinger[19] had a factory. Ooidal iron ore (Bohnerz aus Eisenroggenstein) was found.[20] After the Franco-Prussian War the mining was stopped.[21]

MountainEdit

The mountain range is protected as Upper Danube Nature Park, and is a popular tourist destination, especially for hiking,[22] camping, mountaineering, horse back riding, mountain biking, skiing and snowboarding. The Schwäbischer Albverein and the Naturschutzbund Deutschland Alb Guides made many tours.[23][24] The Schwäbische-Alb-Nordrand-Weg is a long distance way. The most famous is the Hossinger Leiter.[25] It is an old way to the Tübingen–Sigmaringen railway from Hossingen and Oberdigisheim. [26] Smuggler used caves in Meßstetten and Hossingen.[27] Bibles of Martin Luther, coffee, corn and steel was smuggled.[28][29] In 1831 smuggler Haux shoot dead on the path. In the book Via Bologna a murder is on the secret path to the smuggler cave(48°11′19″N 8°57′46″E / 48.188521°N 8.962843°E / 48.188521; 8.962843 (Schmugglerhöhle)), today a hiking way.[30]

NatureEdit

Fruit TreesEdit

To help people to help themselves Württemberg plant a alley of trees. (Dienstbarkeit on private ground). Hossingen Parkplatz Oberbuch (48°11′31″N 8°56′34″E / 48.191868°N 8.942837°E / 48.191868; 8.942837 (Obstbaumalle hossingen)) Meßstetten Unterdigisheim (48°10′18″N 8°56′52″E / 48.171666°N 8.947783°E / 48.171666; 8.947783 (Obstbaumalle Meßstetten)) Alte Landstraße Obedigisheim (48°10′15″N 8°54′00″E / 48.170788°N 8.900050°E / 48.170788; 8.900050 (Obstbäume))

The tree farms of Wilhelm and the Brüdergemeinde delivered for free.[31]

ButterfliesEdit

On 7 July 2017 permission was specially granted by the Regierungspräsidium Karlsruhe for everybody to catch butterflies in Hossingen Rastplatz Oberbuch. It was called Schmetterlingsnacht (Butterflynight).

Herbert Fuchs (Naturschutzbüro Zollernalb) was the leader of the training course.

German Latin Specimens
Nesselzünsler Patania ruralis 1
Weißdorn-Gespinstzünsler Acrobasis advenella 1
Goldhaar-Rindeneule Acronicta auricoma 2
Schwefelgelber Flockenblumen-Wurzelfresser Agapeta zoegana 2
Unscheinbarer Graszünsler Agriphila straminella 1
Gestreifter Graszünsler Agriphila tristella 1
Stengeleule (Artenkomplex) Amphipoea fucosa / lucens / oculea 1
Große Grasbüscheleule Apamea monoglypha 5
Bergheiden-Johanniskraut-Spanner Aplocera praeformata 2
Brauner Bär Arctia caja 1
Ockergelber Blattspanner Camptogramma bilineata 28
Eichen-Faulholzmotte Carcina quercana 1
Löwenzahn-Wurzelwickler Celypha striana 2
Klee-Gitterspanner Chiasmia clathrata 7
Weißer Sichelflügler Cilix glaucata 1
Trapezeule Cosmia trapezina 1
Weißer Graszünsler Crambus perlella 1
Dunkelgrüne Flechteneule Cryphia algae 1
Moosgrüner Rindenspanner Deileptenia ribeata 1
Depressaria chaerophylli 1
Fichtenzapfenzünsler Dioryctria abietella 2
Gelbleib-Flechtenbärchen Eilema complana 6
Nadelwald-Flechtenbärchen Eilema depressa 4
Heidespanner Ematurga atomaria 2
Eschen-Zackenrandspanner Ennomos fuscantaria 1
Gemeiner Bindenspanner Epirrhoe alternata 1
Fleckleib-Labkrautspanner Epirrhoe tristata 1
Mondfleckiger Blütenspanner Eupithecia centaureata 1
Schafgarben-Blütenspanner Eupithecia icterata 10
Dreipunkt-Blütenspanner Eupithecia tripunctaria 5
Grauer Knospenwickler Hedya nubiferana 1
Hellbraune Staubeule Hoplodrina ambigua 32
Heidelbeer-Palpenspanner Hydriomena furcata 1
Nessel-Schnabeleule Hypena proboscidalis 1
Breitgesäumter Zwergspanner Idaea biselata 1
Vierpunkt-Flechtenbärchen Lithosia quadra 1
Kohleule Mamestra brassicae 1
Großes Ochsenauge Maniola jurtina 1
Getreide-Halmeule (Artenkomplex) Mesapamea secalis / secalella / remmi 18
Weißfleck-Graseule Mythimna conigera 20
Kapuzen-Graseule Mythimna ferrago 4
Breitflügelige Bandeule Noctua comes 2
Bunte Bandeule Noctua fimbriata 1
Janthe-Bandeule Noctua janthe 1
Janthina-Bandeule Noctua janthina 1
Hausmutter Noctua pronuba 2
Weißkopf-Wickler Pandemis cinnamomeana 1
Paraswammerdamia albicapitella 1
Kleiner Berberitzenspanner Pareulype berberata 1
Hohlzahn-Kapselspanner Perizoma alchemillata 1
Weißlicher Augentrost-Kapselspanner Perizoma blandiata 1
Zimtbär Phragmatobia fuliginosa 6
Huflattich-Federmotte Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Olivenbrauner Zünsler Pyrausta despicata 1
Purpurroter Zünsler Pyrausta purpuralis 3
Braunbinden-Wellenstriemenspanner Scotopteryx chenopodiata 2
Lärchen-Knospenwickler Spilonota laricana 1
Gelbflügel-Raseneule Thalpophila matura 8
Buschwald-Fettzünsler Udea olivalis 4
Pflaumen-Fettzünsler Udea prunalis 1
Buchen-Sichelflügler Watsonalla cultraria 3
Dunkler Rostfarben-Blattspanner Xanthorhoe ferrugata 5
Vierbinden-Blattspanner Xanthorhoe quadrifasiata 2
Heller Rostfarben-Blattspanner Xanthorhoe spadicearia 2
Rhombus-Bodeneule Xestia stigmatica 3
additions:
Kleiner Totengräber Nicrophorus investigator 1
Gehörnter Mistkäfer Odonteus armiger

Notable peopleEdit

The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Meßstetten.

WebEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Walter Koch: „Marlene“ kommt nach Hause. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, Meßstetten, 1. September 2013.
  3. ^ Walter Koch: „Blacksmith“ Interstuhl. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, Meßstetten, 8.Novemberber 2016.
  4. ^ Karina Eyrich: „Marlene“ kommt nach Hause. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, Meßstetten, 14 September 2017.
  5. ^ Karl Dietrich (1844), Württembergischer Volksschriftenverein (ed.), Bauernkrieg im Jahr 1525: Ernst Nüblings Offizin (in German) (2nd ed.), p. 128
  6. ^ : stake. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 23 February 2017.
  7. ^ : USA. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 27. Februar 2017.
  8. ^ : Burladingen. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 27 January 2018.
  9. ^ : Scheich. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 8. February 2018.
  10. ^ : Polizei. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 8 December 2017.
  11. ^ Hermann Krauß (1989), Orgelfonds-Pfarrer Peter Gall (ed.), Orts und Kirchengeschichte von Meßstetten: 75 jähriges Bestehen der Kirche (in German), Meßstetten
  12. ^ Hagenlocher Lehrer (16 November 1900), Fragebogen volkskundliche Überlieferung (in German), Laufen: Landesamt für Württemberg
  13. ^ : Fasnet1. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 20. Februar 2017.
  14. ^ : Fasnet2. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 20 February 2017.
  15. ^ Birgit Tuchen, Landesdenkmalamt (ed.), Pingen (in German), Stuttgart: Landesdenkmalamt 2004, p. 123
  16. ^ Hermann Bitzer, Hermann Bitzer Studienrat Rosenfeld †1964 (ed.), Tailfinger Heimatbuch 1954 (in German), p. 35
  17. ^ Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg Abt.Wirtschaftsarchiv Stuttgart Hohenheim (ed.), Archiv SHW: B 40 Bü 1232 (in German), Harras, Ludwigsthal
  18. ^ Fruchtkasten: Abteilung Ludwigsthal. In: Pressemiteilungen. 21 November 2016.
  19. ^ Klek: Hossinger In: Heimatkundliche Blätter Balingen, 2002, No l0, p. 1325f., here p. 1327.
  20. ^ Friedrich von Alberti, Die Gebirge des Königreichs Würtemberg, in besonderer Beziehung auf Halurgie (in German), Stuttgart und Tübingen: J. G. Cotta’sche Buchhandlung 1826, p. 124
  21. ^ Von Klaus Stopper (28 September 2016). "Eisenindustrie als Sozialprogramm". Schwarzwälder Bote (in German).
  22. ^ Tanja Gerstenecker: Premiumwanderweg verspricht neue Besucher. zum Wanderwegkonzept. In: Schwarzwälder Bote. 4 February 2013.
  23. ^ Lutz, Saager, Widenmann, Schwäbischer Albverein Stuttgart (ed.), Albvereinsblätter 7tägige Wanderung (in German), pp. 362–363CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "NABU-Guides - NABU Baden-Württemberg".
  25. ^ "Gruselige Geschichten". Schwarzwälder Bote (in German). 2017-10-09. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  26. ^ F.Link, Schwäbischer Albverein Stuttgart (ed.), Albvereinsblätter 1894 Hossinger Leiter (in German), p. 141
  27. ^ : Verräterin. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 8. September 2017.
  28. ^ Walter Stettner (1986), Jan Thorbecke Sigmaringen (ed.), Ebingen – Die Geschichte einer württembergischen Stadt (in German), p. 95
  29. ^ Martin Kugele (2018), Bibel-Schmuggler versorgten einst die Protestanten in Österreich-Hoffen+Handeln (in German), www.hoffenundhandeln.de 79585Steinen, p. 9
  30. ^ Via Bologna
  31. ^ Martina Meuth; Bernd Neuner-Duttenhofer. "Eine Württemberger Apfelgeschichte" (PDF). Duttenhofer‘sches Apfelgut Neunthausen (in German).
  32. ^ Bestand Ho177 T2 Nr.5 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  33. ^ Bestand Ho177 T2 Nr.9 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  34. ^ Bestand A 44 U 5686 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  35. ^ Bestand A 44 U 5686 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  36. ^ Bestand A71 Bü1185 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  37. ^ Hegeler, Hartmut. "Namen der Opfer der Hexenprozesse/ Hexenverfolgung in Rottweil" (PDF). Retrieved Sep 19, 2017.
  38. ^ "Rottweils Hexen und Zauberer werden rehabilitiert". NRWZ.de (in German). 15 April 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-05-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  39. ^ "History" (in German). Meßstetten: Nürtinger STATT zeitung. 2008-11-18.
  40. ^ Bestand El 76 Bü 3995 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  41. ^ Klek: Hossinger..: . In: Heimatkundliche Blätter Balingen, , . 2002, Nr. l0, S. 1325f., hier S. 1327.
  42. ^ Manuel Werner. "Oskar Riegraf". Nürtinger NS Opfer (in German). Meßstetten.
  43. ^ : Alblandschaft. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 14. November 2011.
  44. ^ : Schmiedledick. In: Badische Zeitung, 16 October 2010