A mathematical object is an abstract concept arising in mathematics. In usual language of mathematics, an object is anything that has been (or could be) formally defined, and with which one may do deductive reasoning and mathematical proofs. Typically, a mathematical object can be the value of a variable, and therefore can be involved in formulas. Commonly encountered mathematical objects include: numbers, integers, integer partition, or expressions. Each branch of mathematics has its own objects. Some examples are:
- Abstract algebra
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- Azzouni, J., 1994. Metaphysical Myths, Mathematical Practice. Cambridge University Press.
- Burgess, John, and Rosen, Gideon, 1997. A Subject with No Object. Oxford Univ. Press.
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- Stewart Shapiro, 2000. Thinking about mathematics: The philosophy of mathematics. Oxford University Press.