Material nonimplication

Material nonimplication or abjunction (Latin ab = "from", junctio =–"joining") is the negation of material implication. That is to say that for any two propositions and , the material nonimplication from to is true if and only if the negation of the material implication from to is true. This is more naturally stated as that the material nonimplication from to is true only if is true and is false.

Venn diagram of

It may be written using logical notation as , , or "Lpq" (in Bocheński notation), and is logically equivalent to , and .

DefinitionEdit

Truth tableEdit

     
T T F
T F T
F T F
F F F

Logical EquivalencesEdit

Material nonimplication may be defined as the negation of material implication.

         
           

In classical logic, it is also equivalent to the negation of the disjunction of   and  , and also the conjunction of   and  

                           
                            

PropertiesEdit

falsehood-preserving: The interpretation under which all variables are assigned a truth value of "false" produces a truth value of "false" as a result of material nonimplication.

SymbolEdit

The symbol for material nonimplication is simply a crossed-out material implication symbol. Its Unicode symbol is 219B16 (8603 decimal).

Natural languageEdit

GrammaticalEdit

"p minus q."

"p without q."

RhetoricalEdit

"p but not q."

Computer scienceEdit

Bitwise operation: A&(~B)

Logical operation: A&&(!B)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit