Martine Carol

Martine Carol (16 May 1920 – 6 February 1967) was a French film actress.

Martine Carol
Action of the Tiger.jpg
from the trailer for Action of the Tiger (1958)
Born
Marie-Louise Jeanne Nicolle Mourer

(1920-05-16)16 May 1920
Died6 February 1967(1967-02-06) (aged 46)
Monte Carlo, Monaco
Other namesMarise Arley, Martine Carole, Marie-Louise Maurer
Years active1941–1967
Spouse(s)
(m. 1948; div. 1953)

(m. 1954; div. 1959)

André Rouveix
(m. 1959; div. 1962)

Mike Eland
(m. 1966)

BiographyEdit

Born Maryse Mourer[1][2] (or Marie-Louise Jeanne Nicolle Mourer) in Saint-Mandé, Val-de-Marne, (France), she studied acting under René Simon (1898–1966), making her stage début in 1940 and her first motion picture in 1943. She frequently was cast as an elegant blonde seductress. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, she was the leading sex symbol and a top box-office draw of French cinema, and she was considered a French version of America's Marilyn Monroe. One of her more famous roles was as the title character in Lola Montès (1955), directed by Max Ophüls, in a role that required dark hair. However, by the late 1950s, roles for Carol had become fewer, partly because of the introduction of Brigitte Bardot.

Despite her fame and fortune, Martine Carol's personal life was filled with turmoil that included a suicide attempt, drug abuse, and four marriages. She also was kidnapped by gangster Pierre Loutrel (also known as Pierrot le Fou or Crazy Pete), albeit briefly and received roses the next day as an apology.

She died unexpectedly of a heart attack in a hotel room in Monte Carlo at the age of 46 while shooting the film Hell Is Empty (1967).

Marriages and intermentEdit

Martine Carol was married four times, including:

  • Stephen Crane,[3] American actor and restaurant manager, previously Lana Turner's husband, married in 1948, divorced in 1953.
  • Christian-Jaque,[3] film director, married July 15, 1954, divorced in 1959.
  • Dr. André Rouveix,[3] a young doctor she met in Martinique, Fort-de-France, married August 3, 1959, divorced in 1962.
  • Mike Eland, English businessman, married in 1966 until her death.

She initially was buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, but her grave was violated (some media reported that she had been interred with her jewels). Martine Carol then was buried in the Grand Jas Cemetery of Cannes (square n°3).

FilmographyEdit

Year Title Role Director Notes
1941 Le dernier des six Une femme Georges Lacombe Uncredited
1942 The Strangers in the House Une spectatrice aux Assises Henri Decoin Uncredited
1943 La ferme aux loups Micky Richard Pottier
1945 Bifur 3 Germaine Maurice Cam
L'extravagante mission Stella Star Henri Calef
1946 Trente et quarante Madeleine Bitterlin Gilles Grangier
1947 Miroir Lulu Raymond Lamy
Voyage surprise Isabelle Grosbois Pierre Prévert
En êtes-vous bien sûr? Caroline Jacques Houssin
Carré de valets Catherine Bonpain André Berthomieu
La fleur de l'âge Marcel Carné
1948 Les souvenirs ne sont pas à vendre Sonia Robert Hennion
1949 The Lovers of Verona Bettina Verdi André Cayatte
I Like Only You Irène Pierre Montazel
1950 We Will All Go to Paris Martine Carol Jean Boyer
Une nuit de noces Sidonie de Valpurgis René Jayet
Beware of Blondes Olga Schneider André Hunebelle
1951 Darling Caroline Caroline de Bièvre Richard Pottier
1952 Le désir et l'amour Martine - la star Henri Decoin
Adorable Creatures Minouche Christian-Jaque
Beauties of the Night Edmee René Clair
1953 Caroline Cherie Caroline de Bièvre Jean Devaivre
Lucrèce Borgia Lucrèce Borgia Christian-Jacque
Boum sur Paris Herself Maurice de Canonge
1954 Destinées Lysistrata Christian-Jacque (segment "Lysistrata")
Royal Affairs in Versailles La duchesse de Bouillon Sacha Guitry (scenes deleted)
The Beach Anna Maria Mentorsi Alberto Lattuada
The Bed Agnès de Rungis Ralph Habib
Henri Decoin
Gianni Franciolini
Jean Delannoy
(segment "Lit de la Pompadour, Le")
Madame du Barry Madame du Barry Christian-Jacque
1955 Nana Nana Christian-Jacque
Les Carnets du Major Thompson Martine Thompson Preston Sturges
Lola Montès Lola Montès Max Ophüls
1956 Difendo il mio amore Elisa Leonardi Giulio Macchi
Around the World in 80 Days Girl in Paris Railroad Station Michael Anderson Cameo
1957 Action of the Tiger Tracy Malvoisie Terence Young
The Foxiest Girl in Paris Nathalie Princesse Christian-Jaque
1958 The Stowaway Colette Lee Robinson and Ralph Habib
1959 Venetian Honeymoon Isabelle dos Santos Alberto Cavalcanti
Ten Seconds to Hell Margot Hofer Robert Aldrich
Nathalie, agent secret Nathalie Princesse Henri Decoin
1960 Austerlitz Joséphine de Beauharnais Abel Gance
Love and the Frenchwoman Eliane Girard Michel Boisrond
Christian-Jaque
René Clair
Henri Decoin
Jean Delannoy
Jean-Paul Le Chanois
Henri Verneuil
(segment "Femme seule, La")
1961 Un soir sur la plage Georgina Michel Boisrond
The Counterfeiters of Paris Solange Mideau Gilles Grangier
Vanina Vanini Contessa Vitelleschi Roberto Rossellini
1962 Operation Gold Ingot Kathy Georges Lautner
I Don Giovanni della Costa Azzurra Nadine Leblanc Vittorio Sala
1966 Lasciapassare per l'inferno George Fuller
1967 Hell Is Empty Martine Grant Bernard Knowles (final film role)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The New Yorker, Volume 32, Issues 15-27, p 306
  2. ^ James Monaco (1991). The Encyclopedia of Film. James Monaco, James Pallot (editors). Perigee Books. p. 98. ISBN 9780399516047.
  3. ^ a b c Mann, Roderick (June 5, 1966). "Martine: 'I've Always Had Trouble with Men'". The Miami Herald. Florida, Miami. The London Express. p. 3 H. Retrieved January 19, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
 
Martine Carol's grave at the cimetière du Grand Jas in Cannes
  • Chapuy, Arnaud (2001). Martine Carol filmée par Christian-Jaque : un phénomène du cinéma populaire. Paris: L'Harmattan.

BibliographyEdit

  • Debot, Georges (1979). Martine Carol ou la vie de Martine chérie. Préface de Mary Marquet. Paris: France-Empire.
  • Cohen, André-Charles (1986). Martine chérie. Collection photographique de Jean-Charles Sabria. Préface de Cécil Saint-Laurent. Paris: Ramsay.

External linksEdit