Martin B. McKneally

Martin B. McKneally (born Martin Boswell McKneally;December 31, 1914 – June 14, 1992) was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New York. He also served as the National Commander of The American Legion from 1959 to 1960.

Martin B. McKneally
Martin McKneally.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 27th district
In office
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1971
Preceded byJohn G. Dow
Succeeded byJohn G. Dow
National Commander of
The American Legion
In office
1959 – 1960
Preceded byPreston J. Moore
Succeeded byWilliam R. Burke
Personal details
Martin Boswell McKneally

(1914-12-31)December 31, 1914
Newburgh, New York
DiedJune 14, 1992(1992-06-14) (aged 77)
Newburgh, New York
Resting placeCedar Hill Cemetery
Newburgh, New York
41°34′18.8″N 73°59′11.0″W / 41.571889°N 73.986389°W / 41.571889; -73.986389
Political partyRepublican
Alma mater
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1941-1946
RankArmy-USA-OF-03.svg Major
UnitHeadquarters, Central Pacific Area
Battles/warsWorld War II

Early lifeEdit

McKneally was born in Newburgh, New York, the son of George F. and Ellen (Lahey) McKneally.[1] He attended Newburgh's public schools, and graduated from Newburgh Free Academy.[2] McKneally graduated from the College of the Holy Cross in 1936 and Fordham University School of Law in 1940.[1] McKneally was admitted to the bar and practiced law in Newburgh and New York City.[1]

Military serviceEdit

McKneally was drafted in 1941.[2] He completed Officer Candidate School, and received his commission as a second lieutenant in the Army Judge Advocate General's Corps.[2] He taught military law at Grinnell College, then deployed to the Pacific theater.[2] In the Pacific, he served on the staff Lieutenant General Robert C. Richardson, commander of the Central Pacific Area.[2] He was released from service in 1946 with the rank of major.[2]

Continued careerEdit

He was New York's state American Legion commander from 1957 to 1958, and national American Legion commander from 1959 until 1960.[2] His administration of the American Legion was notable in that he disaffiliated the 40 and 8 Society from the Legion due to their racially discriminatory membership requirements.[3]

McKneally was active in local government, and served as president of Newburgh's school board.[1] He was a special counsel to Lieutenant Governor Malcolm Wilson from 1960 to 1968, and counsel to the 1964 World's Fair from 1961 to 1965.[1] In 1968, he was elected to Congress, defeating Democratic incumbent John G. Dow.[2] He served from January 3, 1969 until January 3, 1971.[2]

Tax evasion chargesEdit

McKneally was a candidate for re-election in 1970, but it was revealed during the last month of the 1970 campaign that he had not paid Federal income taxes for many years. He claimed that the IRS had over withheld him, but the voters did not believe him and he was defeated by Dow, 52% to 48%. McKneally was later found guilty of tax evasion and sentenced to one year of probation and fined.[4]

Death and burialEdit

McKneally never married and had no children.[1] His siblings included his brother George, who served as mayor of Newburgh.[2] He died at the Veterans Administration facility in Castle Point, New York on June 14, 1992. He was buried at Cedar Hill Cemetery and Mausoleum in Newburgh.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Obituary, Martin B. McKneally". The Journal News. White Plains, NY. June 17, 1992. p. B2 – via
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Indicted Congressman". The New York Times. New York, NY. December 17, 1980. p. 54.
  3. ^,9171,894326,00.html
  4. ^ Grossman, Mark (2003). An Encyclopedia of Scandals, Power, and Greed. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC CLIO. p. 412. ISBN 978-1-5760-7060-4.

External linksEdit