Marshalltown, Iowa

Marshalltown is a city in, and the county seat of, Marshall County, Iowa, United States.[6] The population was 27,552 in the 2010 census, compared to 26,009 in 2000.[7][8]

Marshalltown, Iowa
Main Street Marshalltown (2011)
Main Street Marshalltown (2011)
Location within Marshall County and Iowa
Location within Marshall County and Iowa
Coordinates: 42°2′30″N 92°54′52″W / 42.04167°N 92.91444°W / 42.04167; -92.91444Coordinates: 42°2′30″N 92°54′52″W / 42.04167°N 92.91444°W / 42.04167; -92.91444
CountryUnited States
StateIowa
CountyMarshall
Founded1853
IncorporatedMarch 5, 1923[1]
Government
 • MayorJoel Greer[2]
 • City AdministratorJessica Kinser
Area
 • Total19.31 sq mi (50.01 km2)
 • Land19.28 sq mi (49.93 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
942 ft (287 m)
Population
 • Total27,552
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
27,068
 • Rank17th in Iowa
 • Density1,400/sq mi (550/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
50158
Area code641
FIPS code19-49755
GNIS ID0458824
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

Henry Anson was the first European settler in what is now called Marshalltown. In April 1851, Anson found what he described as “the prettiest place in Iowa.”[9] On a high point between the Iowa River and Linn Creek, Anson built a log cabin. A plaque at 112 West Main Street marks the site of the cabin.[10] In 1853 Anson named the town Marshall, after Marshall, Michigan, a former residence of his.[11]

The town became Marshalltown in 1862 because another Marshall already existed in Henry County, Iowa (In 1880, Marshall's name changed to Wayland). With the help of Potawatomi chief Johnny Green, Anson persuaded early settlers to stay in the area. In the mid-1850s, Anson donated land for a county courthouse. Residents donated money for the building's construction. In 1863 the title of county seat transferred from the village of Marietta to Marshalltown. The young town began growing. By 1900, Marshalltown had 10,000 residents. Many industries began developing in Marshalltown, like Fisher Controls, Lennox International and Marshalltown Company.

BaseballEdit

Adrian Constantine "Cap" Anson, son of Henry and Jennette Anson, was the first European child born in the new pioneer town and is today known as Marshalltown's “first son”. Adrian became a Major League Baseball player and was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1939. He was regarded as one of the greatest players of his era and one of the first superstars of the game.[12]

 
Adrian Cap Anson

Baseball steadily became popular as Marshalltown grew in the mid-1800s. Adrian's brother Sturgis also became a talented baseball player and both went to play on intra-school teams at the University of Notre Dame. Both later returned to Marshalltown to play baseball for the town team. Along with their father Henry, the town's founder, they put together a team and became the most prominent team in the state of Iowa.[13] The Marshalltown team, with Henry Anson at third base, Adrian's brother Sturgis in center field, and Adrian at second base, won the Iowa state championship in 1868. In 1870 Marshalltown played an exhibition game with the talented Rockford Forest Citys. Although Marshalltown lost the game, Rockford's management offered contracts to all three of the Ansons. Adrian accepted the contract, which began his professional career in baseball in 1871.

Baseball continued its popularity in Marshalltown. In the early 1880s Billy Sunday played for the town baseball team.[14] In 1882, with Sunday in left field, the Marshalltown team defeated the state champion Des Moines team 13-4.[15] Marshalltown later formed a minor league team naming it after the Anson family, the Marshalltown Ansons. From 1914-1928 the team played in the Central Association and Mississippi Valley League.

2018 tornadoEdit

On July 19, 2018 at 4:32 p.m. local time, an EF3 tornado with peak winds of 144 mph devastated the north side of Marshalltown. It destroyed the spire from the top of the courthouse, along with several homes, businesses, and historic downtown buildings. It left a path of destruction 1200 yards wide (.682 mi) and just over 8.9 miles long.[16] There were no deaths as a result of the storm or its aftermath.[16]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.31 square miles (50.01 km2), of which 19.28 square miles (49.93 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[3] Neighboring counties include Hardin and Grundy to the north, Tama County to the east, Jasper to the south, and Story County to the west.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1860981
18703,218228.0%
18806,24093.9%
18908,91442.9%
190011,54429.5%
191013,37415.9%
192015,73117.6%
193017,37310.4%
194019,24010.7%
195019,8213.0%
196022,52113.6%
197026,21916.4%
198026,9382.7%
199025,178−6.5%
200026,0093.3%
201027,5525.9%
Est. 201827,068[5]−1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

2010 censusEdit

At the 2010 census there were 27,552 people in 10,335 households, including 6,629 families, in the city. The population density was 1,429.0 inhabitants per square mile (551.7/km2). There were 11,171 housing units at an average density of 579.4 per square mile (223.7/km2). The racial makup of the city was 84.8% White, 2.2% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 7.9% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.1%.[4]

Of the 10,335 households 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.9% were non-families. 29.8% of households were one person and 12.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.18.

The median age was 37.3 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 censusEdit

At the 2000 census there were 26,009 people in 10,175 households, including 6,593 families, in the city. The population density was 1,442.7 people per square mile (557.0/km²). There were 10,857 housing units at an average density of 602.2 per square mile (232.5/km²). The racial makup of the city was 86.8% White, 1.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 8.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.6%.[18]

Of the 10,175 households 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.7% of households were one person and 13.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.02.

Age spread: 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median household income was $35,688 and the median family income was $45,315. Males had a median income of $32,800 versus $23,835 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,113. About 8.8% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

EconomyEdit

Local businessesEdit

  • Marshalltown Company, a manufacturer of American tools for many construction and archaeological applications, is based in Marshalltown.
  • The Big Treehouse, a large tourist attraction located outside of Marshalltown.

Top employersEdit

According to Marshalltown's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[19] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 JBS USA (formerly Swift & Company) 2,400
2 Emerson Electric - Fisher Flow Controls 1,135
3 Marshalltown Community School District 950
4 Lennox Industries, Inc. 915
5 Iowa Veterans Home 865
6 UnityPoint Health 400
7 Hy-Vee 340
8 Walmart 300
9 Marshalltown Community College 245
10 City of Marshalltown 199
11 McFarland Clinic PC 185
12 Marshall County 183

EducationEdit

Marshalltown Community School District serves Marshalltown.

The first schoolhouse in Marshalltown was a log cabin built in 1853. The building stood on Main Street between Third and Fourth Streets. Neary Hoxie served as the first teacher.[20]

In 1874 high school classes were held in an old building on North Center Street. The high school had 45 students and C.P. Rogers served as the school's superintendent.[20]

In 2020, there are multiple schools in Marshalltown, Iowa. There are 5 elementary schools, one intermediate school, a catholic (PREK-6) and Christian school (1-8), and a middle school (7-8). There is also Marshalltown High School, with over 1,000 students.

East Marshall Community School District serves small portions of the Marshalltown city limits.[21] The district was established on July 1, 1992 by the merger of the LDF and SEMCO school districts.[22] The BCLUW Community School District serves some rural areas nearby Marshalltown.[23]

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

  U.S. Highway 30 bypasses the town to the south, while   Iowa Highway 14 runs through the center of town. An expressway,   Iowa Highway 330 connects Marshalltown to Des Moines.

Marshalltown has bus (Marshalltown Municipal Transit or MMT) and taxicab services. It is also served by Trailways Coach Nationwide.

A municipal airport serves the county approximately four miles north of town. The closest commercial airport is Des Moines International Airport, 53 miles (85.3 km) miles to the southwest.

There currently is no passenger rail service.

Notable peopleEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "City-Data". Marshaltown. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
  2. ^ "MAYOR & City Council | Marshalltown, IA". www.marshalltown-ia.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  8. ^ "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  9. ^ "History". Marshalltown Iowa Community Link. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
  10. ^ "Henry Anson". Anson Elementary School. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
  11. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 99.
  12. ^ "Cap Anson". Society for American Baseball Research Baseball Biography Project. Archived from the original on 2012-01-07. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
  13. ^ "The First Son". Cap Chronicled. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  14. ^ Firstenberger, William Andrew (2005). In rare form: a pictorial history of baseball evangelist Billy Sunday. University of Iowa Press. p. 12. ISBN 0-87745-959-2. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
  15. ^ a b Dorsett, 15; Knickerbocker, 26-7.
  16. ^ a b "Tornadoes strike parts of Iowa, injuring several, leaving path of destruction". CBS News. July 19, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. ^ City of Marshalltown CAFR
  20. ^ a b Fosness, Irene Marshalltown: A Pictorial History, Quest Publishing, 1985.
  21. ^ "East Marshall" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved 2020-03-25.
  22. ^ "REORGANIZATION & DISSOLUTION ACTIONS SINCE 1965-66" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  23. ^ "Positions Available." BCLUW Community School District. Retrieved on August 3, 2015. "Serving the areas of [...] rural Marshalltown,[...]" and "BCLUW School District" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved 2020-03-22. - The map shows that none of the Marshalltown city limits is within the BCLUW district.
  24. ^ "The Baseball Biography Project". "Cap Anson" by David Fleitz. Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
  25. ^ Weber, Bruce (November 29, 2013). "Matthew Bucksbaum, Mall Developer, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
  26. ^ Reagan, Ronald (1989). Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Ronald Reagan, 1987. Best Books. p. 36.
  27. ^ "Who's Who In Government, p. 1977, vol. 3, p. 181". Marquis Who's Who. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  28. ^ "Arlington National Cemetery". Frank Jack Fletcher, Admiral. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
  29. ^ Joshua Wanhope, "Biographical Sketch of Ben Hanford," in Ben Hanford, Fight For Your Life! Recording Some Activities of a Labor Agitator. New York: Wilshire Book Co., 1909; pp. 3-4.
  30. ^ Cook, Joan (January 26, 1990). "Anna Hedgeman Is Dead at 90; Aide to Mayor Wagner in 1950's". The New York Times. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  31. ^ "Anna Hedgeman was a force civil rights". African American Rrgistry. Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  32. ^ "Wally Hilgenberg". National Football League. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  33. ^ Schmidt, D.A. (2002) Iowa Pride. Xulon Press. p 210.
  34. ^ Barnes, Brooks (December 3, 2010). "Cyberspace Gamble". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  35. ^ Our Staff, The Field Museum
  36. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients World War I". U.S. Army Center Of Military History. December 3, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  37. ^ Christina Lane, "Vera McCord" in Jane Gaines, Radha Vatsal, and Monica Dall’Asta, eds. Women Film Pioneers Project, Center for Digital Research and Scholarship, Columbia University Libraries, 2013.
  38. ^ 'Elizabeth R. Miller, 83,' The Marshalltown Times Republican, January 3, 1989, pg. 3
  39. ^ "SPORTS-REFERENCE". Olympic Sports/Allie Morrison. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
  40. ^ Mill, George Rogues and Heroes from Iowa's Amazing Past The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, 1972.
  41. ^ Rayburn, Jim. "Jim Jr, Founder of Young Life - Jim Rayburn Website".
  42. ^ "2007 World Ranking List, Men’s Jump, List generated on: November 1, 2005 to October 31, 2006,
  43. ^ "The Neighbor Lady - Radio 570 WNAX - Page 3115643".
  44. ^ Firstenberger, William Andrew (2005). In rare form: a pictorial history of baseball evangelist Billy Sunday. University of Iowa Press. p. 12. ISBN 0-87745-959-2. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  45. ^ Whittaker, Wayne (January 1952). The Story of Popular Mechanics. Popular Mechanics. pp. 127ff. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  46. ^ "Ames, Iowa". Open World Leadership Center. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011.

External linksEdit