Markkleeberg is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is on the river Pleiße, approximately 7 km south of Leipzig.

Markkleeberg
Gautzsch-Markkleeberg.jpg
Coat of arms of Markkleeberg
Coat of arms
Location of Markkleeberg within Leipzig district
Bad LausickBelgershainBennewitzBöhlenBornaBorsdorfBrandisColditzDeutzenElstertrebnitzEspenhainFalkenhainFrohburgGeithainGrimmaGroitzschGroßbothenGroßpösnaHohburgKitzenKitzscherKohren-SahlisMachernMarkkleebergMarkranstädtMutzschenGeithainNaunhofNerchauOtterwischParthensteinNeukieritzschPegauRegis-BreitingenRöthaThallwitzThümmlitzwaldeTrebsenWurzenZschadraßZwenkauSaxonyLeipzigSaxony-AnhaltThuringiaNordsachsenNordsachsenMittelsachsenMarkkleeberg in L.svg
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Markkleeberg is located in Germany
Markkleeberg
Markkleeberg
Markkleeberg is located in Saxony
Markkleeberg
Markkleeberg
Coordinates: 51°16′40″N 12°23′00″E / 51.27778°N 12.38333°E / 51.27778; 12.38333Coordinates: 51°16′40″N 12°23′00″E / 51.27778°N 12.38333°E / 51.27778; 12.38333
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictLeipzig
Subdivisions9
Government
 • MayorKarsten Schütze (SPD)
Area
 • Total31.36 km2 (12.11 sq mi)
Elevation
132 m (433 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total24,679
 • Density790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
04416
Dialling codes0341, 034297, 034299
Vehicle registrationL
Websitewww.markkleeberg.de

HistoryEdit

The town now called Markkleeberg has its origins in several towns that have been merged over the years. The center of modern-day Markkleeberg used to be called Oetzsch. It was merged with the smaller outlying district Markkleeberg in 1911 and renamed Oetzsch-Markkleeberg. Oetzsch-Markkleeberg was in turn merged with Gautzsch and the whole town was called "Markkleeberg", although Markkleeberg was the smallest, because it sounded most Germanic at a time of Nazi-led Germanisation.

The etymology of Markkleeberg may be 'clover hill market town '.

The name of Oetzsch has most likely a Wendish origin. In 1316 it was mentioned in a document as "Euschiz". The village originally had the form of a Rundling.

In 1813 much of the Battle of Leipzig took place where today's Markkleeberg is situated.

During 1944-1945, a forced labor camp for women was established in the town, initially a subcamp of the Ravensbrück concentration camp and later of Buchenwald. [2] Among the inmates were a thousand Jewish women from Hungary and 250 French resistance fighters.[3] In early April 1945 the surviving inmates were transferred to the Mauthausen-Gusen camp in Austria.

Today, Markkleeberg is a growing town, thanks to its proximity to Leipzig.[4]

Historical populationEdit

(Source since 1998: Statistical bureau of Saxony)

Year Population
1946 20,517
1950 20,130
1960 20,545
1981 20,622
1984 19,811
1995 20,415
1997 20,264
Year Population
1998 22,728
1999 23,157
2000 23,157
2001 23,087
2002 23,139
2003 23,306
2004 23,639
Year Population
2005 23,806
2006 23,913
2007 24,021
2008 24,020
2009 24,254
2010 24,338
Year Population
2011 24,402
2012 23.869
2013 23.940
2015 24.240

CultureEdit

Markkleeberg is a well known tourist destination. Cospudener See and Markkleeberger See as well as a lot of parks and Kanupark Markkleeberg are close to the city.

Twinned TownsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Stessel, Zahava. "Memorial tablet for victims of the Women's Camp of Buchenwald" (in German). Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Homage to Frau Dr. Zahava Stessel, nee Katalin Szasz, survivor of the camp". www.markkleeberg.de/de/startseite/ Mark*Klee*Berg in Sachsen (in German). Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Life and Living in Markkleeberg". www.eigentumswohnung-kaufen-leipzig.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-11-23.