Marienheide is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Marienheide
Marienheide
Marienheide
Coat of arms of Marienheide
Coat of arms
Location of Marienheide within Oberbergischer Kreis district
Rhein-Sieg-KreisOberbergischer KreisRheinisch-Bergischer KreisNorth Rhine-WestphaliaRemscheidWuppertalEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisMärkischer KreisOlpe (district)Siegen-WittgensteinRhineland-PalatinateWaldbrölMorsbachNümbrechtWiehlReichshofGummersbachMarienheideBergneustadtEngelskirchenLindlarHückeswagenWipperfürthRadevormwaldMarienheide in GM.svg
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Marienheide is located in Germany
Marienheide
Marienheide
Marienheide is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Marienheide
Marienheide
Coordinates: 51°5′N 7°32′E / 51.083°N 7.533°E / 51.083; 7.533Coordinates: 51°5′N 7°32′E / 51.083°N 7.533°E / 51.083; 7.533
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionKöln
DistrictOberbergischer Kreis
Government
 • MayorUwe Töpfer (SPD)
Area
 • Total54.99 km2 (21.23 sq mi)
Elevation
256 - 506 m (−1,400 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total13,552
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
51709, 51704–51706
Dialling codes0 22 64
Vehicle registrationGM

GeographyEdit

Marienheide is located about 50 km east of Cologne.

Neighbouring placesEdit

The neighbouring towns are Gummersbach and Wipperfürth as well as in Märkischer Kreis - Meinerzhagen and Kierspe, and the neighbouring municipalities are Engelskirchen and Lindlar.

Division of the municipalityEdit

B Berghof - Boinghausen - Börlinghausen
D Dahl - Däinghausen - Dannenberg - Dommermühle - Dürhölzen
E Eberg - Eiringhausen - Erlinghagen
G Gevershagen - Gimborn - Gogarten - Grunewald
H Himmerkusen - Höfel - Holzwipper - Hütte
J Jedinghagen
K Kalsbach - Kattwinkel - Kempershöhe - Königsheide - Kotthausen - Kotthauser Höhe - Krommenohl - Kümmel
L Lambach - Lehmkuhl - Leiberg - Lienkamp - Linge
M Mittelweg - Müllenbach
N Niederwette
O Oberboinghausen - Obernhagen - Obersiemeringhausen
R Rodt
S Scharde - Schemmen - Schmitzwipper - Schöneborn - Schulzenkamp - Siemerkusen - Siepen - Späinghausen - Straße - Stülinghausen
U Untererlinghagen - Unterpentinghausen
W Weierhof - Wernscheid - Wilbringhausen - Wilhelmsthal - Winkel

HistoryEdit

The first documentary mention of the place was in 1417 " in a sales document is called Heydenreich of our dear Mrs. Knecht on the Mergenheyde " (Documentary first namings of oberbergischer places v. Klaus Pampus).

The manner of writing of the first naming was: Mergenheyde.

On the altar lights of the old pilgrimage church a signed coat of arms of 1601 which carries the name "Mergenheyd" is to be seen. An old brochure of the Catholic vicarage Marienheide states: " The origin of the mercy place Marienheide dates back to 1420 and to one particular man. " This person, a simple man called Heinrich, lived as a hermit in a hit rock hiding place in the " Bockelsburger Wood ", near the present-day railroad line. The hermit apparently lived from agriculture. Another chronicle, not described further, is stated as a source, and thus one says further that " the mother of God appeared to this keen Heinrich in the form of a small picture and ordered to him to proceed to Cologne to purchase a similar little picture for thirty pieces of silver. " With this the foundation for the place of pilgrimage was laid. Hermit Heinrich has been found with Count Gerhard of the Mark, the sovereign at that time, support, so that Pope Martin V as well as the preacher's order interested. Thus was built "in the wilderness" the first little church and, a little way away, the Dominican order's cloister.

TransportationEdit

The transport connections to the national road system is good. A 15-km connecting highway to Meinerzhagen from the Autobahn A45 (the Sauerland line, Dortmund - Gießen) takes about 15 minutes. The connection via Wiehl/Gummersbach from the A4 (Cologne - Olpe) is about 17 km long and takes about 20 minutes. The town is crossed by the B 256.

There consist the following bus lines:

Marienheide is traversed by the Hagen–Dieringhausen railway. The RB 25 Regionalbahn service Oberbergische Bahn runs every hour via Gummersbach, Engelskirchen, Overath to Cologne. Work has been carried out for reactivation of the connection to Brügge, but the opening is still pending.

Places of interestEdit

  • Brucher dam
  • Lingese dam
  • In the local village Müllenbach stands one of the so-called "colored churches", a church with medieval cover paintings.
  • Historical house Dahl (farmhouse Dahl), branch station of the museum of the Oberbergischer Kreis.
  • In the local village Börlinghausen lies the spring of the Wipper.
  • In the local middle the pilgrimage church Saint Mariä Heimsuchung lies, worth seeing for tourists and destination of pilgrimage in each case at the beginning of July.
  • Close of the local middle there lies the former health resort park with the "Heil pond"
  • Castle Gimborn
  • House of the history in the local village Müllenbach

Church municipalitiesEdit

 
Pilgrimage church Saint Mariä Annunciation
  • Protestant church municipality Müllenbach.
  • Catholic parish Gimborn Saint Johannes Baptist.
  • Catholic parish Marienheide Saint Mariä Heimsuchung.

Wilbringhausen belongs to the parish Saint Josef in Kierspe and, as a result, to diocese Essen.

Sons and daughters of the municipalityEdit

Born in MarienheideEdit

  • Paul Lücke Federal Minister of housing; Federal Minister of the interior

Twin townEdit

The Polish town Biala has been the twin town of Marienheide since 1993. Biala is primarily rural and has in possibly also many inhabitants like Marienheide.

Further sources of informationEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Hermann de Buhr / Martin Wittenberg / Volkmar Wittmütz: Chronik Marienheide, Gummersbach 1986
  • Werner Knabe / Friedhelm König / Werner Kühr: Marienheide - ein Blick in die Vergangenheit, Gummersbach 1984

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.

External linksEdit