Marduk-aḫḫē-erība, inscribed in cuneiform contemporarily as mdAMAR.UTU-ŠEŠ-MEŠ-SU, meaning: “Marduk has replaced the brothers for me,” a designation given to younger sons whose older siblings have typically predeceased them, ca. 1046 BC, ruled as 9th king of the 2nd Dynasty of Isin and the 4th Dynasty of Babylon, but only for around 6 months using the date formula: MU 1 ITI 6, which first appears in Kassite times and is open to interpretation.[nb 1] According to the Synchronistic Kinglist[i 2] he was a contemporary of the Assyrian king Aššur-bêl-kala where only the beginning of his name appears below that of his immediate predecessor Adad-apla-iddina.
|King of Babylon|
Hilprecht’s line art for the Marduk-aḫḫē-erība kudurru[i 1]
|Reign||ca. 1046 BC|
|House||2nd Dynasty of Isin|
The only contemporary source is a kudurru[i 1] (line art pictured), or gray limestone boundary marker, in a private collection in Istanbul, which records a land grant to a certain Kudurrâ, a “Ḫabiru” and servant of the king, in a region of northern Babylonia called Bīt-Piri’-Amurru. The term Ḫabiru may represent a socio-economic rather than ethnic designation as the name Kudurrâ is possibly not linguistically of semitic derivation. The field was surveyed[nb 2] by a diviner, a scribe named Nabû-ēriš the son of (i.e. descendant of) Arad-Ea, an administrator and a mayor.
It has been suggested that he is the 5th king represented in the Prophecy A[i 3] by the single line, “A prince will arise, and his days will be short. He will not rule in the land.” This is a late Assyrian tablet found at Assur and first published in 1923, which narrates a sequence of 12 Babylonian kings.
- Kudurru BE I 2 149.
- Synchronistic Kings List A.117, excavation reference Assur 14616c, ii 22.
- Prophecy A, tablet VAT 10179 (KAR 421) obverse ii 19.
- The Kinglist A, tablet BM 33332, iii 2 which gives the beginning of his name as: mdŠÚ-ŠEŠ-
- Termed rēš eqli našû, to lift the head of the field.
- J. A. Brinkman (1968). A political history of post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158-722 B.C. Analecta Orientalia. p. 144.
- J. A. Brinkman (1999). "Isin". In Dietz Otto Edzard (ed.). Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Ia - Kizzuwatna. Walter De Gruyter. p. 184.
- A. Poebel (1955). The Second Dynasty of Isin According to a New King-List Tablet. University of Chicago Press. p. 11.
- H. V. Hilprecht (1896). Old Babylonian Inscriptions Chiefly from Nippur, volume I part II. Philadelphia: Amer. Philos. Society. pp. 65–67. text 149.
- J. A. Brinkman (1999). Dietz Otto Edzard (ed.). Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Libanukasabas – Medizin. Walter De Gruyter. p. 374.
- Eleanor Robson (2008). Mathematics in Ancient Iraq: A Social History. Princeton University Press. pp. 169, 174.
- Tremper Longman (July 1, 1990). Fictional Akkadian autobiography: a generic and comparative study. Eisenbrauns. p. 161.