Mansur I

Abu Salih Mansur (died 12 June 976)[2] was amir of the Samanids (961–976). He was the son of Nuh I. His reign was characterized by weak rule and perpetual financial troubles.

Mansur I
Emir of the Samanids
Artwork of the coronation of Mansur I
Reign24 November 961–12 June 976[1]
PredecessorAbd al-Malik I
SuccessorNuh II
Died12 June 976
IssueNuh II
FatherNuh I
ReligionSunni Islam

Rise to powerEdit

The death of Mansur's brother 'Abd al-Malik I at the end of 961 caused a succession crisis. The Turkic military establishment, which was effectively in control of the government, split over who should succeed 'Abd al-Malik. Alptigin, the leader of the Samanid Turks and the governor of Khurasan, supported 'Abd al-Malik's son, while Fa'iq, who had known Mansur since his childhood, pressed for the latter's coronation. Mansur and Fa'iq were eventually victorious; Alptigin fled to Ghazna, which became a separate domain where the Ghaznavid dynasty was eventually formed.


In order to trace and kill the rebellious Alptigin, Mansur I appointed Abu Mansur Muhammad as the governor of Khorasan, whom he sent against Alptigin. However, Abu Mansur did not manage to kill Alptigin, who fled to Balkh. Abu Mansur, who feared the wrath of his master, shortly changed his allegiance to the Buyid ruler Rukn al-Dawla. Mansur quickly appointed Abu'l-Hasan Muhammad Simjuri as the new governor of Khorasan, and sent him to deal with the rebellious Abu Mansur, which he managed to accomplish.[3]

Fals (Copper Coin) minted with minted with names of Mansur I ibn Nuh and Al-Muti. (22mm, 2.12 g, 4h). Citing ‘Abbasid caliph Al-Muti as overlord. Minted in Bukhara, Dated AH 353 (AD 964/5) in Bukhara, AH 353 (AD 964). Diameter 22 mm (0.87 in), weight 2.1 g (0.074 oz).

After having brought stability in Khurasan, Abu'l-Hasan Muhammad Simjuri soon went to war with the Buyids, who had in that year expelled the Samanids' Ziyarid vassals from Tabaristan and Gurgan on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea. The death of Vushmgir, the Ziyarid prince, a few years later caused an end to hostilities, and the Buyid 'Adud al-Dawla paid tribute to the Samanids.[4] This tribute did not last for long, however, and Mansur continued to have difficulties in raising money. The Buyids would continue to move against the Samanid position; 'Adud al-Dawla wrested Kirman from the Banu Ilyas, nominal Samanid vassals, and effectively uprooted Abus, a son Vushmgir and the Samanid candidate to succeed him, from Tabaristan and Gurgan.

In 969 the Saffarid Abu Ahmad Khalaf arrived at the Samanid court, requesting for assistance against his brother Abu'l-Husayn Tahir. Military aid was given, although Tahir's death in 970 proved much more effective than the Samanid assistance. Tahir's son Husayn eventually continued the struggle, and gained the support of the Samanids; the tribute sent by Khalaf subsequently ceased. In 975, Mansur appointed Abu Abdallah Ahmad Jayhani, a grandson of Abu Abdallah Jayhani, as vizier, but he proved unable to stem the Samanid decline.[5] Mansur died in the following year, and was succeeded by his son Nuh II.


  1. ^ Tabaqat-i Nasiri by Minhaj-i-Siraj, pg. 106, Lahore Sangmil Publications 2004
  2. ^ Tabaqat-i Nasiri by Minhaj-i-Siraj, pg. 106, Lahore Sangmil Publications 2004
  3. ^ Khalegi-Motlagh 1983, p. 335.
  4. ^ Frye 1975, pp. 152.
  5. ^ Frye 1975, pp. 155.


  • Frye, R.N. (1975). "The Sāmānids". In Frye, R.N. (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 136–161. ISBN 0-521-20093-8.
  • Khalegi-Motlagh, Dj. (1983). "ABŪ MANṢŪR ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. I, Fasc. 3. p. 335.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Preceded by
Abd al-Malik I
Amir of the Samanids
Succeeded by
Nuh II