Malchow (German pronunciation: [ˈmalço]) is a municipality in the Mecklenburgische Seenplatte district, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.

Malchow
Windmill in Malchow
Windmill in Malchow
Coat of arms of Malchow
Coat of arms
Location of Malchow within Mecklenburgische Seenplatte district
Malchow in MSE.svg
Malchow is located in Germany
Malchow
Malchow
Malchow is located in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Malchow
Malchow
Coordinates: 53°28′N 12°25′E / 53.467°N 12.417°E / 53.467; 12.417Coordinates: 53°28′N 12°25′E / 53.467°N 12.417°E / 53.467; 12.417
CountryGermany
StateMecklenburg-Vorpommern
DistrictMecklenburgische Seenplatte
Municipal assoc.Malchow
Subdivisions4
Government
 • MayorJoachim Stein (Green Party)
Area
 • Total44.60 km2 (17.22 sq mi)
Elevation
75 m (246 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total6,627
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
17213
Dialling codes039932
Vehicle registrationMÜR
Websitehttp://www.amt-malchow.de/
Town hall

GeographyEdit

It is situated on the river Elde, 25,5 km west of Waren, and 35 km north of Wittstock.

HistoryEdit

The site of Malchow was a center for Slavic paganism during the Middle Ages. It was sacked by Saxons during the 1147 Wendish Crusade against the Polabian Slavs.

The German town of Malchow, founded on an island between the Plauer See (Lake) and Fleesensee, was first mentioned in writing in 1147 and received a town charter under Schwerin Law in 1235.

 
Malchow Abbey

In 1298, Malchow Abbey, a Cistercian nunnery, moved to the south shore of the Malchower See, opposite the island. Over several following centuries, the town expanded to the mainland in the northwest, to which the original settlement was linked by a succession of bridges, and gradually this mainland settlement came to predominate.

A munitions factory of the Alfred Nobel Co. was established in Malchow in 1938, during the Nazi period, and during World War II hundreds of prisoners of war and also women and children were used as forced labor there. In 1943, the Ravensbrück concentration camp extended to Malchow, and during the next two years many inmates, including numerous Hungarian Jewish women, lost their lives there under appalling conditions.

After the war, Soviet Occupation authorities accused some 30 teen-aged Malchow residents of anti-Soviet activities, and 12 of these eventually lost their lives in Soviet captivity or were executed.

After the reunification of Germany in 1990, the historic town center of Malchow was extensively restored. Today the former Cistercian abbey houses the Mecklenburg Organ Museum.

Natural environmentEdit

The town is surrounded by the lakes of the Mecklenburgische Seenplatte and the woods of the Müritz National Park.

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistisches Amt M-V – Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden 2018". Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (in German). July 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Malchow at Wikimedia Commons