Mahlberg

Mahlberg is a town in the Ortenaukreis, in western Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 8 km southwest of Lahr, near the Europa-Park Rust. It is about 30 kilometres (20 mi) north of Freiburg im Breisgau and 30 km (20 mi) south of Strasbourg. It is in the Upper rhine Metropolitan Region, a region combining Alsace, Switzerland and Southwest-Germany.

Mahlberg
Coat of arms of Mahlberg
Coat of arms
Location of Mahlberg within Ortenaukreis district
Mahlberg in OG.svg
Mahlberg is located in Germany
Mahlberg
Mahlberg
Mahlberg is located in Baden-Württemberg
Mahlberg
Mahlberg
Coordinates: 48°17′13″N 07°48′41″E / 48.28694°N 7.81139°E / 48.28694; 7.81139Coordinates: 48°17′13″N 07°48′41″E / 48.28694°N 7.81139°E / 48.28694; 7.81139
Mahlberg-ortenau-blick-sueden-auf-80889.jpg
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionFreiburg
DistrictOrtenaukreis
Government
 • MayorDietmar Benz
Area
 • Total16.59 km2 (6.41 sq mi)
Elevation
180 m (590 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total5,061
 • Density310/km2 (790/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
77972
Dialling codes07825
Vehicle registrationOG
Websitewww.mahlberg.de

HistoryEdit

Until the 19th century Mahlberg was first mentioned in 1215. As early as 1223, the town was granted city rights by Emperor Friedrich II. At that time Mahlberg was an imperial castle and the seat of an imperial school. At that time the place belonged to the domain of the Lords of Geroldseck. After their extinction in the middle of the 15th century, the city came to the Margraviate of Baden-Baden, whereby a common rule was agreed with the counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken. After the joint ownership of Baden and Nassau was dissolved in 1629, the city then became a center of Baden-Baden rule.

After the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss, Mahlberg became the seat of the eponymous Oberamt, which belonged to the Landvogtei Hochberg. In 1806 it was subordinated directly to the province of Middle Rhine as a sovereign office. When it was reorganized in 1809, it was subordinated to the Kinzigkreis with headquarters in Offenburg as Mahlberg. Finally, the Mahlberg office was merged with the Ettenheim office in 1813. The new office was based in Ettenheim. From this point on, Mahlberg was no longer a city in the administrative history of Baden. In 1900, 962 mostly Catholic residents lived in Mahlberg. Since 1924 the city belonged to the district office of Lahr, which in 1939 became the district of Lahr.

20th centuryEdit

In 1935, Mahlberg lost its city rights in the course of the National Socialist central administrative “cleanup”, but was given it back in 1950 after the then Prime Minister of Baden, Leo Wohleb (before Baden-Wuerttemberg was founded). With the dissolution of the district of Lahr, Mahlberg fell to the new Ortenaukreis.

GeographyEdit

IncorporationsEdit

The previously independent municipality of Orschweier was incorporated into the city of Mahlberg on October 1, 1973 as part of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg. This was preceded by - ultimately unsuccessful - negotiations with the neighboring communities of Ettenheim and Kippenheim.

Neighboring CommunitiesEdit

Immediate neighboring municipalities are Kippenheim in the north (followed by Lahr), Kappel-Grafenhausen in the west beyond the federal highway 5 and Ettenheim in the southeast (with Altdorf).

City ArrangementEdit

Mahlberg includes the formerly independent municipality of Orschweier, in which about a third of the total population lives. The town of Mahlberg and the Allmendhöfe homestead belong to the town of Mahlberg in the boundaries of September 30, 1973. The former municipality of Orschweier includes the village of Orschweier south of Mahlberg and the Orschweier train station. In the district of Mahlberg was the village of Altenmahlberg, which emerged in Mahlberg.

A few years ago, an inter-communal industrial area called "DYNA5" was also identified and developed with the neighboring community of Ettenheim.

ClimateEdit

Mahlberg is in a zone with warm and humid oceanic climate. The climate in this region shows slight differences between highs and lows, and there is sufficient rainfall throughout the year. However, it quickly becomes a "humid subtropical climate" since the average temperatures in July and August are just under 22°C. Most precipitation falls in May, while late summer months almost have a Mediterranean climate with light rainfall. Mahlberg currently falls in one of the warmest regions in Germany with an average annual temperature of 11.9 ° C.

Climate data for Mahlberg (CFB Lahr) 2015-2020 Extremes; High, Low, Mean Temperatures with precipitation + Sunny days
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
20.5
(68.9)
24.4
(75.9)
29.8
(85.6)
32.8
(91.0)
37.0
(98.6)
38.4
(101.1)
39.5
(103.1)
32.2
(90.0)
27.7
(81.9)
23.0
(73.4)
16.9
(62.4)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
7.8
(46.0)
12.5
(54.5)
17.0
(62.6)
20.7
(69.3)
25.2
(77.4)
28.0
(82.4)
27.2
(81.0)
22.5
(72.5)
16.3
(61.3)
10.5
(50.9)
7.6
(45.7)
16.8
(62.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
3.7
(38.7)
7.3
(45.1)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.5
(67.1)
21.7
(71.1)
20.5
(68.9)
16.0
(60.8)
11.1
(52.0)
6.8
(44.2)
4.5
(40.1)
11.65
(52.97)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
2
(36)
4.7
(40.5)
9.3
(48.7)
13.5
(56.3)
15.0
(59.0)
14.1
(57.4)
10.0
(50.0)
6.3
(43.3)
2.8
(37.0)
1.1
(34.0)
6.5
(43.7)
Record low °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−12.6
(9.3)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.8
(27.0)
1.1
(34.0)
6.1
(43.0)
6.4
(43.5)
6.5
(43.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
−7.2
(19.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
−12.6
(9.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60
(2.4)
40
(1.6)
42
(1.7)
66
(2.6)
108
(4.3)
69
(2.7)
58
(2.3)
49
(1.9)
45
(1.8)
44
(1.7)
49
(1.9)
46
(1.8)
676
(26.6)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18 13 13 14 15 13 12 11 10 11 14 16 160
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 7
Average relative humidity (%) 87 84 77 72 73 73 73 76 80 86 85 87 79
Mean monthly sunshine hours 53 95 152 193 216 244 274 244 196 109 63 56 1,895
Source: Wetterdienst[2]

PersonalitiesEdit

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

  • Friedrich Karl of Landolin Blittersdorf (1792–1861), Baden official
  • Fidel Binz (1850–1920), sculptor Baden
  • Karl Kromer (1865–1939), composer and musician
  • Josef Loreye (1767–1844), Roman Catholic priest, director of Lyceum in Rastatt

Other famous residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ "Lahr". Principal Station Data. Wetterdienst. Retrieved 2 February 2020.[permanent dead link]