Mad Shadows (novel)
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Mad Shadows (French: La Belle Bête) is a French-Canadian novel by Marie-Claire Blais, published in 1959. Writing the work at the age of twenty, the novel was Blais' first major literary work. It quickly established her as a rising talent within the Quebec literary scene.
First edition (French)
|Original title||La Belle Bête|
|Publisher||Institut littéraire du Québec|
Mad Shadows explores the psychology of a single family: Patrice, the beautiful and narcissistic son; his ugly and malicious sister, Isabelle-Marie; and Louise, their vain and uncomprehending mother. Repeatedly, the novel posits an amoral world where beauty stands hollow and love rings empty.
- Isabelle-Marie is considered the main character of the story as most of the storyline is revealed through her knowledge. Isabelle-Marie is the older sister of Patrice, and daughter to Louise.,.(p39)(p19) As the story progresses, the audience sees Isabelle-Marie’s continuing resentment for her mother’s neglect and jealousy of her brother's beauty fester and grow to become a component of her destructive nature.
- Patrice has great physical beauty, often likened to the Greek god Adonis, he is extremely simple-minded and an idiot, and cannot think for himself. He depends solely on the constant attention of his mother and feeds his narcissism from her dedication to protecting his appearance. "Lying on his back like a marble god, pale, with his mouth half open, Patrice stared at his mother. Louise suddenly felt lacerated and oppressed." (p31)
- Louise is the mother of both Patrice and Isabelle-Marie. Patrice’s beauty was to her but a reflection of her own." (p24)While she attempts to preserve her own beauty in the face of Patrice, she neglects Isabelle-Marie due to her belief that only the beautiful reflect status.
- Lanz is the suitor – and eventually husband – to Louise. He becomes Isabelle-Marie and Patrice’s step-father. From the moment Louise is originally attracted to him because he has beauty and wealth – the two highest assets within the morals of the novella’s characters.
- Originally blind from a cat injury at the age of 10, Michael becomes the lover of Isabelle-Marie, but soon abandons his new wife and daughter after his sight is restored and he realizes their true ugliness.
- Anne appears midway through the novella and is Michael and Isabelle-Marie's daughter. Because of her ugliness, Isabelle-Marie cannot bear to see her own child as it is a reminder of the happy past with Michael that turned sour. She is not a critical character in bringing the plot forward with her actions, but more a symbol of the possibility of innocence. As the story comes to a close, she is the only one that remains uncorrupt throughout the story.
La Belle Bête starts off as the three main characters return home on a train. Immediately, the characters’ relationships with one another, as well as their physical beauty as a status, are established. As they return home, their daily activities reveal even more of their living situation with one another, as Isabelle-Marie is the Cinderella of the family, working hard and being neglected, while Louise fawns over her beloved beautiful Patrice. Patrice is so incompetent from his constant dependence on his mother, that he can do nothing but accept her attention. Eventually, Louise announces that she needs to travel to pick up farm equipment for their vast land, and leaves Patrice and Isabelle-Marie. Isabelle-Marie continues her distaste for her brother, and as her mother is no longer there to support Patrice, she takes the opportunity to let him starve to release her anger and jealously towards him (pp28–29)As she grows to pity his incompetence and dependency on Louise, Isabelle-Marie begins to care for him ever so slightly.
When Louise returns, she brings with her Lanz, who becomes the new controlling figure over the family. Patrice rejoices and cleaves to his mother, but she can no longer respond with her attention as she is consumed by her own relationship with Lanz. As Lanz brings Louise further and further from her children, Patrice spirals into deterioration while Isabelle-Marie relishes her newfound freedom. As Isabelle-Marie becomes more upbeat, she learns to care for Patrice, as well as meets her lover Michael, who she convinces to love her by lying about her beauty.(pp40–43)
From here the story splits into two. On one side of life, Isabelle-Marie begins her life with the blind Michael, while Patrice is continued to be neglected as Lanz demands the attention of Louise. Both children's’ stories end in despair as Michael eventually regains his vision and comes to terms with the ugliness of Isabelle-Marie and consequently, their newborn child Anne. He abandons both of them and disappears from their lives. As the torn spirit of Isabelle-Marie returns to her unwanted home, she finds that Louise is being controlled by Lanz, and has chosen him over Patrice.
Her newfound anger towards outer beauty drives her to push Patrice's face into a pot of boiling water, thus bringing his now beast-like face to her lowly status. Patrice cries to his mother, and she makes the ultimate choice to live her life with Lanz, abandoning Patrice entirely (pg 52). Patrice is sent to an insane asylum by Louise, who becomes fed up with his incompetence, however he escapes shortly afterwards. As their lives quickly become disillusioned, Isabelle-Marie ends up setting fire to the farm. Louise, who has slowly been cracking under the loss of her beautiful child, and the control – and eventual death - of her husband is lost in the fire. In the end, Isabelle-Marie pushes her children- Anne away, and walks to the track with the intention of suicide. Patrice, however; drowns himself when he wants to find his beautiful face in the lake.
In 1977, the novel was adapted into a ballet by the National Ballet of Canada, starring dancers Karen Kain, Veronica Tennant, and choreographed by Anne Ditchburn, with music by Andre Gagnon. In 1987, commemorating the company's 35th anniversary, the show was rerun and featured Cynthia Lucas and Tomas Schramek.