Maad a Sinig

Maad a Sinig (variations : Mad a Sinig, 'Maad Sine, Maat Sine, Bour Sine, Bur Sine, etc.) means king of Sine. The ancient Kingdom of Sine, now part of Senegal, was a pre-colonial Serer kingdom . Their kings were titled Maad or Maad (also spelled Mad or Maat). The royal title Maad is sometimes used interchangeably with their ancient kings and landowners - the Lamanes.[1][2][3][4][5] Between 1350 and 1969 (the Guelowar period - the last maternal dynasty in Serer country), more than fifty Serer kings have been crowned Maad a Sinig.

Serer royal and religious titles
Royal titles
Lamane (also religious)
Maad a Sinig
Maad Saloum
Line of succession
Religious titles

Kings of Sine titled Maad a SinigEdit


  1. ^ Oliver, Roland, Fage, John Donnelly & Sanderson, G. N. The Cambridge History of Africa, Cambridge University Press, 1985, p. 214 ISBN 0521228034
  2. ^ Faal, Dawda, Peoples and empires of Senegambia: Senegambia in history, AD 1000-1900, Saul's Modern Printshop, 1991, p. 17
  3. ^ Ajayi, F. Ade & Crowder, Michael. History of West Africa, Volume 1. Longman, 1985, p. 468 ISBN 0582646839
  4. ^ Galvan, Dennis C., The State Must be Our Master of Fire, University of California Press, 2004, p. 270 ISBN 9780520235915
  5. ^ Diouf, Marcel Mahawa, Lances mâles : Léopold Sédar Senghor et les traditions Sérères, Centre d'études linguistiques et historiques par tradition orale, Niamey, 1996, p. 54
  6. ^ a b c d Fata Ndiaye, « La saga du peuple sérère et l'Histoire du Sine », in Éthiopiques (revue), numéro 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 [1]
  7. ^ a b Diouf, Chronique du royaume du Sine, loc. cit., p. 712-733
  8. ^ a b Klein, Martin A., Islam and Imperialism in Senegal. Sine-Saloum, 1847-1914, Edinburgh University Press, 1968, p. XV
  9. ^ Sheridan, Michael J. et Nyamweru, Celia, African sacred groves: ecological dynamics & social change, James Currey, 2008, p. 141 ISBN 0821417894