The Münstertal (Münster valley) is a municipality in the southern Black Forest, which belongs to the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is 3 miles east from Staufen.

Münstertal
Saint Trudpert Monastery
Saint Trudpert Monastery
Coat of arms of Münstertal
Coat of arms
Location of Münstertal within Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district
FranceWaldshut (district)Lörrach (district)Freiburg im BreisgauEmmendingen (district)Schwarzwald-Baar-KreisRottweil (district)Au (Schwarzwald)AuggenBad KrozingenBadenweilerBallrechten-DottingenBötzingenBollschweilBreisachBreitnauBuchenbachBuggingenEbringenEhrenkirchenEichstetten am KaiserstuhlEisenbachEschbachFeldbergFriedenweilerGlottertalGottenheimGundelfingenHartheim am RheinHeitersheimHeitersheimHeuweilerHinterzartenHorbenIhringenKirchzartenLenzkirchLöffingenMarchMerdingenMerzhausenMüllheimMüllheimMünstertalNeuenburg am RheinNeuenburg am RheinOberriedPfaffenweilerSankt PeterSankt MärgenSchallstadtSchluchseeSöldenStaufen im BreisgauStegenSulzburgTitisee-NeustadtUmkirchVogtsburgWittnauMünstertal-Schwarzwald in FR.svg
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Münstertal is located in Germany
Münstertal
Münstertal
Münstertal is located in Baden-Württemberg
Münstertal
Münstertal
Coordinates: 47°51′17″N 7°47′3″E / 47.85472°N 7.78417°E / 47.85472; 7.78417Coordinates: 47°51′17″N 7°47′3″E / 47.85472°N 7.78417°E / 47.85472; 7.78417
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionFreiburg
DistrictBreisgau-Hochschwarzwald
Government
 • MayorRüdiger Ahlers
Area
 • Total67.73 km2 (26.15 sq mi)
Elevation
592 m (1,942 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total5,110
 • Density75/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
79242–79244
Dialling codes07636
Vehicle registrationFR
Websitewww.muenstertal.de


GeographyEdit

Location

The Münstertal stretches from Staufen im Breisgau up into the Black Forest. It divides into several side valleys and extends in the direction of Belchen(Schwarzwald), via the district of Stohren towards the Schauinsland and via the Münsterhalde towards Badenweiler. The altitude of the Münstertal ranges from 380 m above sea level up to 1414 m on the summit of the Belchen, which represents a difference of 1060 meters.


Constituent communities

The Münstertal consists of the formerly independent communities Obermünstertal (Upper Münstertal) and Untermünstertal (Lower Münstertal) with a total of 65 villages, hamlets, farms and houses.


The villages of Breitmatt, Diezelbach, Hasengrund, Laisacker, Landensberg, Langenbach, Lehengasse, Limberg, Rammelsbach, Sägerstrasse (Sägegasse), Sirnitz, Sirnitzgrund, Wildsbach, which were established between 1949 and 1950, are situated in Untermünstertal, and the villages of Fischmatte, Gufenbach , Hinterer Rotenbuck, Hof, Kaltwasser, Mulden, Münster (on the left), Münster (on the right), Neuhäuser (on the left), Neuhäuser (on the right), Prestenberg-Lehn , Süßenbrunn, Vorderer Rotenbuck, Upper Wasen , Lower Wasen and Ziegelplatz were established in 1960.

HistoryEdit

The village of Münster was first mentioned in 1258 and gave the valley its name. In 1346 it was destroyed by the Counts of Freiburg. [2]

On December 1, 1971, the independent communities of Obermünstertal and Untermünstertal merged to become the municipality of Münstertal.

Economy and InfrastructureEdit

Tourism

A tourist board was founded in 1935. There is a campsite in Diezelbach which is open all year round.

Transport

The Münstertal is connected by the Bad Krozingen–Münstertal railway to the national rail network. The railway is operated by the Südwestdeutschen Verkehrs-AG. The electrification of the line has been completed and the electric train started operating on 21st September 2013. [3]

Culture and AttractionsEdit

Museums

  • The museum in the Black Forest House 1902 (formerly: der Kaltwasserhof), where the ARD television series under the same name that received the Adolf-Grimme-Preis in 2003 has been produced, reports on everyday life on a mountain farm as well as on the creation of the famous TV production.
  • The bee museum is known across the borders of Baden and shows the cohabitation of men and bees from the Stone Age to the present. It is the biggest of its kind in Europe.
  • The exhibition mine Teufelsgrund displays the mining tradition of the Black Forest. The silver mining of the Middle Ages brought Münster, how Münstertal was called back then, great wealth. Until 1958 fluorspar and barite was mined here. Today, the mine disposes over an Asthma (asthma) therapie tunnel where respiratory- and skin diseases are being treated.
  • The museum for mining, forest- and settlement history gives an insight on the tradition and the history of the Münstertal.

Famous Buildings

The monastery St. Trudpert was founded in the 9th century. For a long time it was the village´s center and the starting point of the christianization of the southern part of the Black Forest. Today, it represents the mother house of the nuns of the holy Josef.

In the district Obermünstertal you can visit the ruin of the castle Scharfenstein.

Deer sculpture

On the main road L L 130 between Rotenbuck and Münsterhalden,unknown persons set up a life-size deer sculpture on a rock during the Nacht (Walburgis night) night of May 1, 2016. [4]

PersonalitiesEdit

  • Hans Karl Abel (1876–1951), German author, died in Mühlbach
  • Willibald Strohmeyer (1877–1945), catholic priest, was murdered in Münstertal at the end of the Second World War.
  • Franz Gutmann (* 1928 in Obermünstertal), sculptor
  • Karl-Josef Fuchs (* 1960 in Münstertal), cook
  • Karl Pfefferle
  • Maren Wiesler (* 1993), German ski racer

PlacesEdit

MuseumsEdit

  • Schwarzwaldhaus (Black Forest house), where the documentary film Schwarzwaldhaus 1902 was shot, is a museum about filming and the life of mountain farmers.
  • Bienenkundemuseum (Museum for the study of bees).
  • Teufelsgrund (Devil's Ground) was a silver mine and is today a museum about mining, but there is also an adit used for the treatment of asthma.

BuildingsEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • André Bechtold: Die Bergstadt Münster und die habsburgische Herrschaftsbildung am Oberrhein im 14. und 15. Jahrhundert. In: Das Markgräflerland, Band 2/2003, Schopfheim 2003, S. 81–91.
  • Korinna Thiem: Die Historische Landschaftsanalyse als Methode für die Fließgewässerbewertung am Beispiel des Münstertals im Schwarzwald. (= Culterra; 46). Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau 2006 (PDF-Datei; 15,8 MB)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Bernd Ottnad: Die politische Geschichte von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart in: Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald (Hrsg.): Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald. Land vom Rhein über den Schwarzwald zur Baar, Karl Schillinger, Freiburg im Breisgau 1980, ISBN 3-921340-44-6
  3. ^ "Staufen: Fotos: Eröffnung der elektrifizierten Münstertalbahn – Fotogalerien – badische-zeitung.de" (in German). Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  4. ^ Manfred Lange (2016-05-02). "Münstertal: Lebensgroße Tierfigur: Auch das Münstertal hat jetzt einen Hirschsprung" (in German). Badische Zeitung. Retrieved 2017-02-26.