Mühlacker (Swabian: Mihlacker) is a town in the eastern part of the Enz district in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. Mühlacker station has direct rail connections with Stuttgart, Karlsruhe, Heidelberg, Pforzheim and the Northern Black Forest.

Mühlacker
Herz-Jesu-Kirche Mühlacker.jpg
Coat of arms of Mühlacker
Coat of arms
Location of Mühlacker
Mühlacker is located in Germany
Mühlacker
Mühlacker
Mühlacker is located in Baden-Württemberg
Mühlacker
Mühlacker
Coordinates: 48°57′0″N 8°50′22″E / 48.95000°N 8.83944°E / 48.95000; 8.83944Coordinates: 48°57′0″N 8°50′22″E / 48.95000°N 8.83944°E / 48.95000; 8.83944
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictEnzkreis
Subdivisions6
Government
 • MayorFrank Schneider (FDP)
Area
 • Total54.32 km2 (20.97 sq mi)
Elevation
240 m (790 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total26,076
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
75401–75417
Dialling codes07041
Vehicle registrationPF
Websitewww.muehlacker.de

Since 1930, Mühlacker has been transmitter site, at which between 1934 and 1945 the tallest tower ever built of wood stood (height: 190 metres).

A further landmark is the water tower.

Water tower

Mühlhausen an der Enz where Spree killer Ernst August Wagner killed 13 people in 1913 has been a part of the city since 1972.

The community of Ötisheim joined onto the city so as to act as a single municipality for certain tasks.

Thirty Years' WarEdit

The Thirty Years' War brought hardship and misery. In 1648 only 50 inhabitants survived from originally 1242 inhabitants (1622). In the Nine Years' War (1688-1697) Dürrmenz was looted in 1692 by French troops. Eckenweiher was incorporated to Dürrmenz in 1832.

IndustrialisationEdit

With the opening of the Württemberg Western Railway Stuttgart - Bruchsal in 1853 the industrial age began in space Dürrmenz-Mühlacker. As the Karlsruhe-Mühlacker railway was built in 1863, Mühlacker was at the same railway junction and border station. As a curiosity, until 1930 it had two stations side by side, the larger Württemberg station and the Baden railway station. Favored by the dismantling of custom barriers 1819-1851 and the abolition of the compulsory guild (1862), industrial enterprises settled near the train station.

20th centuryEdit

After World War I, inflation, great depression and high unemployment interrupted the further development. In 1930, the large Mühlacker radio transmitter was put into operation.

 
Radio transmitter

With the dissolution of Oberamt Maulbronn, young city Mühlacker in 1938 was incorporated into district Vaihingen. During the Nazi period five of the eight Jewish citizens of Mühlacker were murdered in Auschwitz. The World War II ended in Mühlacker with destruction by air raids and artillery shelling. After 1945, 3000 refugees and displaced persons found settled in Mühlacker. As part of the district reform on January 1, 1973, the district Vaihingen was dissolved. The western region, with the town of Mühlacker became part of the newly formed Enzkreis. The eastern part of the district Vaihingen was incorporated into the district of Ludwigsburg.

International relationsEdit

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ "Homepage of the Town-twinning Committee of Mühlacker". Archived from the original on 2013-11-26. Retrieved 2013-07-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External linksEdit