Lyulka AL-21

The Lyulka AL-21 is an axial flow turbojet engine created by the Soviet Design Bureau named for its chief designer Arkhip Lyulka.

Airforce Museum Berlin-Gatow 313.JPG
Lyulka AL-21F3 engine, Airforce Museum of the Bundeswehr; Berlin-Gatow
Type Turbojet
National origin Russia
Manufacturer Lyulka
Major applications Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-24

Design and developmentEdit

The AL-21 is closely similar in technology to the General Electric J79 first flown in 1955, which was the first engine for supersonic flight, using a variable stator.[1]

It is generally described as being in the "third generation" of Soviet gas turbine engines which are characterized by high thrust-to-weight ratios and the use of turbine air cooling.[2]

The AL-21 entered service in the early 1960s. Later designed the AL-21F3, it was used in the Sukhoi Su-17, Sukhoi Su-24, Ground-attack variant Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, and Sukhoi T-10 (Sukhoi Su-27 prototype).

Specifications (AL-21F3)Edit

General characteristics

  • Type: Afterburning turbojet
  • Length: 5,300 mm (209 in)
  • Diameter: 1,000 mm (39 in)
  • Dry weight: 1,700 kg (3,740 lb)


  • Compressor: Two-spool 14-stage axial compressor with variable stator vanes
  • Turbine: Two-stage high pressure, single-stage low pressure


See alsoEdit

Related lists


  1. ^ Aircraft Propulsion and Gas Turbine Engines By Ahmed F. El-Sayed p. 16
  2. ^ Sosounov, V.A. (1990). The Development of Aircraft Power Plant Construction in the USSR and the 60th Anniversary of CIAM. AlAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE 26th Joint Propulsion Conference, July 16–18, 1990. Orlando, Florida. AIAA-90-2761.

External linksEdit