Lubusz Voivodeship

Lubusz Voivodeship, or Lubusz Province[3] (Polish: województwo lubuskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ luˈbuskʲɛ], German: Woiwodschaft Lebus), is a voivodeship (province) in western Poland.

Lubusz Voivodeship

Województwo lubuskie
Flag of Lubusz Voivodeship
Flag
Coat of arms of Lubusz Voivodeship
Coat of arms
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Division into counties
Division into counties
Country Poland
Seats
Counties
Government
 • VoivodeWładysław Dajczak (PiS)
 • MarshalElżbieta Polak (PO)
Area
 • Total13,987.93 km2 (5,400.77 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total1,013,031
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Urban
657,844
 • Rural
355,187
ISO 3166 codePL-08
Vehicle registrationF
HDI (2017)0.829[2]
very high · 15th
Websitelubuskie.pl
  • further divided into 83 gminas

It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Gorzów Wielkopolski and Zielona Góra Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province's name recalls the historic Lubusz Land[4] (Lebus or Lubus), although parts of the voivodeship belong to the historic regions of Silesia, Greater Poland and Lusatia. Until 1945, it mainly formed the Neumark within the Prussian Province of Brandenburg.

The functions of regional capital are shared between two cities: Gorzów Wielkopolski and Zielona Góra. Gorzów serves as the seat of the centrally appointed voivode or governor, while Zielona Góra is the seat of the elected regional assembly (sejmik) and the executive elected by that assembly, headed by a marshal (marszałek).

The region is mainly flat, with many lakes and woodlands. In the south, around Zielona Góra, grapes are cultivated.

Lubusz Voivodeship borders West Pomeranian Voivodeship to the north, Greater Poland Voivodeship to the east, Lower Silesian Voivodeship to the south, and Germany (Brandenburg and Saxony) to the west.

HistoryEdit

 
A2 autostrada with view towards west in the Voivodeship

By conquest the first leaders of the Polans, Mieszko I and especially Boleslaw I added a number of surrounding territories to the newly established core Polish state, and Lebus Land or Lubusz in Lusatia came under Polish rule. Part of the historic province was located on the western bank of the Oder River, where the main settlement Lubusz, later known as the German town of Lebus, was located.

In 1226 Lebus Land came under direct jurisdiction of the Holy Roman Empire, and around 1250 it was acquired by the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. The Lebus Land stayed with Brandenburg throughout (as Electorate within the Holy Roman Empire until 1806, as Prussian Province of Brandenburg since 1815, with Prussia as part of the new Empire of Germany since 1871 and thereafter as a part of the newly created Weimar Republic.

In 1945, the conquest of eastern Germany by the Soviet Red Army was followed by the redrawing of Poland's borders. The east part of the Lubusz (Lebus) region was transferred to Poland, where in communist propaganda it was referred to as part of the "Regained" or "Recovered Territories". That part of the population which had not fled west of the Oder or been killed was rapidly expelled, and replaced by Poles from central and former eastern Poland.

In the administrative reforms of 1998, the original proposals made no provision for a separate Lubusz voivodeship – Gorzów would have been part of West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Zielona Góra would have been in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, and other parts of the region were assigned to Greater Poland Voivodeship. However, as a result of popular protests, these proposals were eventually amended to increase the number of voivodeships to 16, leading to the creation of Lubusz Voivodeship.

GeographyEdit

The Lubusz Voivodeship is a land of forests and lakes; forests cover 48% of the area. The river Oder, flowing through the voivodeship, is one of the few big european river retaining broadleaved and riparian forests. Areas with the highest natural values are protected as wildlife reserves, national parks (the Drawieński National Park and the Warta Estuary National Park) and landscape parks. The 19th century Mużakowski Park, located on both sides of the Polish-German border, has entered into the UNESCO World Heritage List. The voivodeship abounds in lakes, especially in its central and northern parts; around those lakes numerous bathing resorts, holiday centres and farms offering tourist services have been established.[5]

Cities and townsEdit

 
Zielona Góra is the seat of the provincial assembly
 
Gorzów Wielkopolski is the seat of the voivodeship governor
 
Nowa Sól is part of historic Lower Silesia

The voivodeship contains 43 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (as of 2019):[1]

  1. Zielona Góra (140,874)
  2. Gorzów Wielkopolski (123,691)
  3. Nowa Sól (38,763)
  4. Żary (37,502)
  5. Żagań (25,731)
  6. Świebodzin (21,736)
  7. Międzyrzecz (17,994)
  8. Kostrzyn nad Odrą (17,778)
  9. Sulechów (16,831)
  10. Słubice (16,705)
  11. Gubin (16,619)
  12. Lubsko (13,921)
  13. Wschowa (13,875)
  14. Szprotawa (11,820)
  15. Krosno Odrzańskie (11,319)
  16. Drezdenko (10,122)
  17. Sulęcin (10,117)
  18. Strzelce Krajeńskie (9,950)
  19. Skwierzyna (9,671)
  20. Kożuchów (9,432)
  21. Witnica (6,747)
  22. Rzepin (6,529)
  23. Nowogród Bobrzański (5,165)
  24. Zbąszynek (5,020)
  25. Sława (4,321)
  26. Jasień (4,309)
  27. Bytom Odrzański (4,307)
  28. Czerwieńsk (4,041)
  29. Ośno Lubuskie (3,951)
  30. Babimost (3,926)
  31. Iłowa (3,892)
  32. Kargowa (3,769)
  33. Małomice (3,467)
  34. Dobiegniew (3,061)
  35. Gozdnica (3,036)
  36. Nowe Miasteczko (2,756)
  37. Cybinka (2,749)
  38. Torzym (2,526)
  39. Łęknica (2,478)
  40. Trzciel (2,391)
  41. Lubniewice (2,059)
  42. Otyń (1,615)
  43. Szlichtyngowa (1,278)

Administrative divisionEdit

Lubusz Voivodeship is divided into 14 counties (powiats): 2 city counties and 12 land counties. These are further divided into 83 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2019)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Zielona Góra 58 140,871 1
Gorzów Wielkopolski 86 123,691 1
Land counties
Żary County
powiat żarski
1,393 96,496 Żary Lubsko, Jasień, Łęknica 10
Nowa Sól County
powiat nowosolski
771 86,284 Nowa Sól Kożuchów, Bytom Odrzański, Nowe Miasteczko 8
Żagań County
powiat żagański
1,131 79,297 Żagań Szprotawa, Iłowa, Małomice, Gozdnica 9
Zielona Góra County
powiat zielonogórski
1,571 75,626 Zielona Góra* Sulechów, Nowogród Bobrzański, Babimost, Czerwieńsk, Kargowa 10
Gorzów County
powiat gorzowski
1,213 71,669 Gorzów Wielkopolski* Kostrzyn nad Odrą, Witnica 7
Międzyrzecz County
powiat międzyrzecki
1,388 57,851 Międzyrzecz Skwierzyna, Trzciel 6
Świebodzin County
powiat świebodziński
937 55,753 Świebodzin Zbąszynek 6
Krosno Odrzańskie County
powiat krośnieński
1,390 55,018 Krosno Odrzańskie Gubin 7
Strzelce-Drezdenko County
powiat strzelecko-drezdenecki
1,248 49,156 Strzelce Krajeńskie Drezdenko, Dobiegniew 5
Słubice County
powiat słubicki
1,000 47,018 Słubice Rzepin, Ośno Lubuskie, Cybinka 5
Wschowa County
powiat wschowski
625 38,960 Wschowa Sława, Szlichtyngowa 3
Sulęcin County
powiat sulęciński
1,177 35,238 Sulęcin Torzym, Lubniewice 5
* seat not part of the county

EconomyEdit

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 10.8 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 2.2% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 17,600 euros or 58% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 67% of the EU average.[6]

Protected areasEdit

Protected areas in Lubusz Voivodeship include two National Parks and eight Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial divison in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-03-25.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Arkadiusz Belczyk,Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  4. ^ It is likely that it was a response to the names of some German military units; they have been named after lands that since at least 1945 belong to Poland and the very city of Lubusz is located just outside the Polish border in Germany.
  5. ^ Związek Województw Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Union of the Voivodeships of the Republic of Poland) (2010). Polska — Rozwój Regionów.
  6. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 52°11′43″N 15°20′51″E / 52.19528°N 15.34750°E / 52.19528; 15.34750