Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse

Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzog Ludwig III von Hessen und bei Rhein; 9 June 1806, Darmstadt – 13 June 1877, Seeheim) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1848 until his death in 1877.

Louis III
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Reign5 March 1848 – 13 June 1877
PredecessorLouis II
SuccessorLouis IV
Born(1806-06-09)9 June 1806
Darmstadt, Hesse
Died13 June 1877(1877-06-13) (aged 71)
Seeheim, Hesse
SpousePrincess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria
Baroness Magdalen of Hochstadten (morganatic)
FatherLouis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
MotherWilhelmine of Baden


1859 thaler of Hesse, depicting Louis III.

He was the son of Grand Duke Louis II of Hesse and his consort Wilhelmine of Baden. He succeeded as Grand Duke in 1848 upon the abdication of his father during the March Revolution in the German states.

During the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Louis sent word more than once to Queen Victoria, mother-in-law of his nephew and successor Louis, appealing to her to reason on his behalf with the King of Prussia, "in the same sense I had already written before, but it would be utterly useless."[1]

He was succeeded by his nephew, Louis IV, on 13 June 1877, as his brother Charles (Louis' father) had already died three months previously, in March.


In Munich, on 26 December 1833, he married Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria. The marriage produced no children. Princess Mathilde Caroline died in 1862, and in 1868 the Grand Duke remarried, morganatically, to Magdalene Appel who was created Baroness of Hochstädten.



  1. ^ "Queen Victoria's Journals". Princess Beatrice's copies. RA VIC/MAIN/QVJ(W). 15 May 1866.

External linksEdit

Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse
Born: 9 June 1806 Died: 13 June 1877
German royalty
Preceded by
Louis II
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Succeeded by
Louis IV