Los Angeles City Council District 3
Los Angeles City Council District 3 is one of the 15 districts of the Los Angeles City Council. It covers some of the westernmost areas of Los Angeles, in the southwestern San Fernando Valley. Its current representative is Councilmember Bob Blumenfield, who took office on 1 July 2013. The preceding representative was Dennis Zine.
Present day districtEdit
The Third District extends to the western boundary of both Los Angeles City and Los Angeles County, bordering Ventura County. To the east, it ends at White Oak and Lindley Avenue. It includes the neighborhoods of Woodland Hills, Tarzana, Reseda, Winnetka and Canoga Park.
For all the neighborhoods represented in the district, see the official City of Los Angeles map of District 3.
A new city charter effective in 1925 replaced the former "at large" voting system for a nine-member council with a district system with a 15-member council. Each district was to be approximately equal in population, based upon the voting in the previous gubernatorial election; thus redistricting was done every four years. (At present, redistricting is done every ten years, based upon the preceding U.S. census results.) The numbering system established in 1925 for City Council districts began with No. 1 in the north of the city, the San Fernando Valley, and ended with No. 15 in the south, the Harbor area.
The rough boundaries or descriptions of the Third District have been as follows:
1925: Mostly south of the Santa Monica Mountains east of Sawtelle, with its eastern boundary at Western Avenue, and its southern boundary running along Washington Boulevard to embrace the Palms area. It included the Los Angeles Country Club and the Sawtelle district, and all the Santa Monica Mountains west of Sawtelle to the Ventura County line, including Pacific Palisades and Topanga Canyon.
1926: The "West Washington area."
1928: "The north boundary . . . is the crest of the Santa Monica Mountains and the west boundary the city limits. The Pacific Ocean is the westerly portion of the south boundary of the district, then the line runs southeast along the city limits of Santa Monica to Cambridge Street, south to Pico Boulevard, southeast on Manning avenue and easterly in an irregular line to Eighth Street and Western Avenue. The line runs north on Western avenue to Melrose avenue. . . ."
1932-33: "Due to its size, much territory was taken from this district. Its new boundaries are south by Pico Boulevard, east by Highland Avenue, north by Hollywood Hills, extending west to the ocean and Santa Monica Canyon."
1951: "West Hollywood, UCLA and contiguous territory and then ventures over the Santa Monica Mountains to take in a portion of the San Fernando Valley, including Tarzana, Woodland Hills and other communities."
1981. "Although the district is largely white and middle class, it is complicated and anything but homogenous. A study in contrasts, it has expensive ranch homes in Woodland Hills that are minutes away from shack-like dwellings in Canoga Park, a largely Hispanic barrio dating from the early 1900s."
Council District 3 has a population of 261,577 people. There are 90,765 households with an average size of 2.86 persons per household, according to a 2012 City of Los Angeles report on economic policy. 
The median household income in 2012 was $57,257. Per capita income for the district was $28,341. 10.8% of households earn an income below the poverty level.
38.2% of the population are Latino. The racial makeup of the district is: 60.3% White, 17.4% other race, 11.9% Asian, 5.2% two or more races, and 4.5% Black. 
Eleven men and two woman have represented this district. They have been:
- Isaac F. Hughes, 1925–27
- Ernest L. Webster, 1927–31
- James Stuart McKnight, 1931–33
- Stephen W. Cunningham, 1933–41
- J. Win Austin, 1941–53
- Robert M. Wilkinson, 1953–57
- Patrick D. McGee, 1957–61
- Thomas D. Shepard, 1961–69
- Don Lorenzen, 1969–77
- Joy Picus, 1977–1993
- Laura Chick, 1993–2001
- Dennis P. Zine, 2001–13
- Bob Blumenfield, 2013-
- Tina Daunt and Seema Mehta, "Council Districts Drawn to Benefit Valley, Latinos," Los Angeles Times, June 12, 2002
- "First Map Showing City Council's Districts," Los Angeles Times, January 16, 1925, page 1 The map shows all 15 council districts. The official boundaries of all 15 as limned by the city clerk are at "Councilmanic Districts Are Traced by Clerk Dominguez," Los Angeles Times, February 12, 1925, page A-2
- "Here Are the Hundred and Twelve Aspirants for the City's Fifteen Councilmanic Seats," Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1925, page 7
- "To the Citizens of Los Angeles," Los Angeles Times, February 14, 1926, page B-5
- "Council Areas' Lines Changed," Los Angeles Times, December 29, 1928, page A-1
- "District Lines Get Approval," Los Angeles Times, December 24, 1932, page 2
- "City Reapportionment Measure Gets Approval," Los Angeles Times, January 19, 1933 With map of all districts.
- "New Council Zones Defined," Los Angeles Times, January 7, 1937, page A-18
- "Proposed New Alignment for City Voting Precincts" (with map), Los Angeles Times, November 30, 1940, page A-3
- "Outlook in City's Council Contests," Los Angeles Times, April 1, 1951, page 2
- "Council OKs Changes in Its Districts," Los Angeles Times, November 1, 1960, page B-1
- Jack McCurdy, "New Council Districting Voted 14-0," Los Angeles Times, July 16, 1964, page A-1
- "Incumben Councilman One of Three in 3rd District Race," Los Angeles Times, March 28, 1965, page SF-C-4
- Penelope McMillan, "Picus Goes From Novice to Adviser," Los Angeles Times, March 22, 1981, page C-1 With map of district.
- Allan Jalon, "Only Politician Among 12 Honored," Los Angeles Times, December 28, 1985
- Note: Access to most Los Angeles Times reference links requires the use of an LAPL library card.