Los Altos (/lɔːs ˈælts/ (About this soundlisten)) is a city in Santa Clara County, California, in northern Silicon Valley, in the San Francisco Bay Area. The population was 28,976 according to the 2010 census.

Los Altos, California
A City of Los Altos entrance marker, located in Lincoln Park just off of Main Street
A City of Los Altos entrance marker, located in Lincoln Park just off of Main Street
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Los Altos, California is located in the United States
Los Altos, California
Los Altos, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°22′5″N 122°5′51″W / 37.36806°N 122.09750°W / 37.36806; -122.09750Coordinates: 37°22′5″N 122°5′51″W / 37.36806°N 122.09750°W / 37.36806; -122.09750
Country United States
State California
CountySanta Clara
IncorporatedDecember 1, 1952[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil/Manager[2]
 • MayorLynette Lee Eng[3]
 • Vice mayorJan Pepper[4]
Area
 • Total6.47 sq mi (16.77 km2)
 • Land6.47 sq mi (16.77 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation157 ft (48 m)
Population
 • Total28,976
 • Estimate 
(2016)[8]
30,561
 • Density4,720.57/sq mi (1,822.54/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
94022–94025 6 66
Area code650
FIPS code06-43280
GNIS feature IDs1659745, 2410876
InterstatesI-280 (CA).svg
State RoutesCalifornia 82.svg California 85.svg
Websitewww.losaltosca.gov

Most of the city's growth occurred between 1950 and 1980. Originally an agricultural town with many summer cottages and apricot orchards, Los Altos is now an affluent town in Silicon Valley. Los Altos has commercial zones, strictly limited to the downtown area, as well as small shopping and office parks lining Foothill Expressway and El Camino Real.

The median household income of Los Altos for 2013-2017 was $208,309.[9] The average home listing price in 2014 was $1.96 million.[10] In 2017, Forbes ranked Los Altos (94022 and 94024) as the 3rd and 48th most expensive ZIP codes in the United States with median home prices of $7,755,000 and $3,431,615, respectively.[11] In 2018, data from the American Community Survey revealed that Los Altos was the fifth wealthiest city in the United States.[12]

Los Altos means "the heights" in Spanish.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The area was originally called Banks and Braes.[13]Paul Shoup, an executive of the Southern Pacific Railroad, and his colleagues formed the Altos Land Company in 1906 and started the development of Los Altos. The company acquired 140 acres of land from Sarah Winchester. Shoup wanted to link Palo Alto and Los Gatos by making Los Altos a commuter town. It continued a train-a-day operation to and from San Francisco.

In 1908, Southern Pacific Railroad began running steam train service through Los Altos (April 19, 1908) with five trains per day. Two freight cars served as train depot. Also, the first commercial building, Eschenbruecher’s Hardware, was built in downtown.[13]

In 1913, the craftsman-style Los Altos train station was built at 288 First Street.

By 1949, many residents were dissatisfied with the zoning policy of Santa Clara county. Also, there was a constant threat of being annexed by neighboring Palo Alto and Mountain View,[14] so they decided to incorporate. Los Altos became the eleventh city in Santa Clara county on December 1, 1952.

Train service stopped its operation in January, 1964, and the train track became Foothill Expressway.[14]

In 1976, Apple co-founders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak built the first 50 Apple I computers in Jobs' garage in Los Altos.[15]

In 2004, landlord Judy Fusco rented her Los Altos home, later known as 'Casa Facebook', to Mark Zuckerberg where he and a few other associates scaled Facebook from 200,000 members to 2.5 million.[16]

GeographyEdit

Los Altos is located at 37°22′54″N 122°6′49″W / 37.38167°N 122.11361°W / 37.38167; -122.11361 (37.381541, -122.113696). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.487 square miles (16.80 km2). All of it is land.

Los Altos is bordered by Los Altos Hills to the west, Palo Alto to the north and west, Mountain View to the north and east, Sunnyvale to the east, and Cupertino to the southeast.

TopographyEdit

Los Altos is crossed by three creeks that flow north to San Francisco Bay, Adobe Creek on its western boundary, Stevens Creek on its eastern boundary and Permanente Creek in the middle. Hale Creek is tributary to Permanente Creek, and Permanente Creek is now largely diverted to Stevens Creek by a diversion channel. All three creeks originate on the flanks of Black Mountain.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
196019,696
197025,06227.2%
198025,7692.8%
199026,3032.1%
200027,6935.3%
201028,9764.6%
Est. 201630,561[8]5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

2010Edit

The 2010 United States Census[18] reported that Los Altos had a population of 28,976. The population density was 4466.8 people per square mile (1724.6/km2). The racial makeup of Los Altos was 20,459 (70.6%) White, 148 (0.5%) African American, 48 (0.2%) Native American, 6,815 (23.5%) Asian, 59 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 195 (0.7%) from other races, and 1,252 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,132 persons (3.9%).

The Census reported that 28,749 people (99.2% of the population) lived in households, 34 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 193 (0.7%) were institutionalized.

There were 10,745 households, out of which 4,067 (37.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,476 (69.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 599 (5.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 228 (2.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 199 (1.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 55 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,086 households (19.4%) were made up of individuals and 1,228 (11.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 8,303 families (77.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.08.

The population was spread out with 7,560 people (26.1%) under the age of 18, 1,006 people (3.5%) aged 18 to 24, 5,273 people (18.2%) aged 25 to 44, 9,353 people (32.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,784 people (20.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

There were 11,204 housing units at an average density of 1727.1 per square mile (666.9/km2), of which 9,002 (83.8%) were owner-occupied, and 1,743 (16.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.0%. 24,669 people (85.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,080 people (14.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000Edit

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 27,693 people, 10,462 households, and 8,024 families residing in the city. The population density was 4269 people per square mile (1648.3/km2). There were 10,727 housing units at an average density of 1653.6 per square mile (638.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.35% White, 15.42% Asian, 0.47% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race constituted 3.76% of the population.

Of 10,462 households, 33.6% had minor children living with them, 69.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female head with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 18.7% were singles including 9.8% 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age was 44 years, much higher than the 35.3 national figure. 23.7% were under 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

1930Edit

Approximately 2,900 people would have considered themselves a resident of Los Altos.[14]

EconomyEdit

In 2015, Forbes placed Los Altos (ZIP codes 94022 and 94024) as the 11th and 57th most expensive ZIP codes in the United States, behind such cities as Atherton, California and Sagaponack, New York. For the 94022 ZIP code, which includes parts of Los Altos Hills, California the median home price is $4.9 million with an average of 120 days on the market. For the 94024 ZIP code, the median home price is $2.8 million with an average of 36 days on the market.[20]

Top employersEdit

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are:

Top employers in Los Altos
# Employer # of Employees
1 Los Altos School District 568
2 Los Altos High School 217
3 Whole Foods Market 198
4 Coldwell Banker 190
5 Covenant Care 163
6 Alain Pinel Realtors 150
7 City of Los Altos 130
8 Adobe Animal Hospital 125
9 The Terraces at Los Altos 120
10 David and Lucile Packard Foundation 100
11 Guardsman, Inc. 100
12 United States Postal Service 100
13 Palo Alto Medical Foundation 85

GovernmentEdit

EducationEdit

Public educationEdit

Primary and middle school students attend schools in the Los Altos School District, the Cupertino Union School District, or Bullis Charter School (K–8). The Los Altos School District has one of the highest average API scores in California and includes seven elementary schools in the Los Altos–Mountain View area.

Local residents generally attend high school in one of two public school districts: Mountain View-Los Altos Union High School District, or Fremont Union High School District.

All of the public schools are highly regarded,[24] and many graduates of Los Altos area high schools continue their education at well-known universities.

Private educationEdit

Los Altos is also served by highly regarded private and religious schools. St. Nicholas School, St. Simon School, Miramonte Elementary School, (JrK–8th)[25] Canterbury Christian School (K–6th),[26] the Lower and Middle Campuses (K–6th) of Pinewood School, The School for Independent Learners,[27] and the lower school campus of the Waldorf School of the Peninsula [28] are located within city limits. Others nearby include St. Francis High School (Mountain View), Mountain View Academy,[29] and The King's Academy (Sunnyvale).[30] Other schools farther away with students from Los Altos include Mitty High School, Menlo School, Woodside Priory School, Castilleja School, The Harker School, and Bellarmine College Preparatory.

Public librariesEdit

Santa Clara County Library operates the Los Altos Library and the Woodland Branch Library in Los Altos.[31]

Parks and conservationEdit

 
Dead and diseased trees in the Redwood Grove were cut down in 2017, and will be milled on-site in 2018.
 
Mallard in May,[when?] in Adobe Creek; the creek now runs dry by summer.

Adobe Creek flows through Redwood Grove, a 5.9-acre (2.4 ha) nature preserve off University Avenue in Los Altos purchased by the city in 1974. In October 2009 Los Altos contracted with Acterra to remove non-native plants and revitalize the redwood, oak woodland, riparian and grassland ecosystems by installing native plants, improving soil conditions, and creating habitat for wildlife such as bird houses and native bee boxes.[32] The Coast Redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) were transplanted by the Halsey family from a location on Summit Road in the Santa Cruz Mountains and replaced the native willows. The historic Halsey House, built in the late 1920s by Theodore and Emma Halsey, is a good example of Spanish Revival architecture. The city designated Halsey House a local landmark in 1981 and until recently it housed the Florence Fava collection of Coastanoan or Ohlone Indian artifacts from a nearby archeological excavation in Los Altos Hills (now moved to the Los Altos History House).[33] On June 16, 2010 the Los Altos City Council finalized the purchase of 10,000 square feet (930 m2) of creekside property from Delbert and Marlene Beumer, who wanted to provide a safe pathway connecting Shoup Park and Redwood Grove.[34]

Steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) occurred historically in Adobe Creek. However, tidal gates at the mouth of Adobe Creek as well as culverts at the El Camino Real and Interstate 280 overpasses probably preclude the passage of migrating salmonids, even though the reaches upstream from Hidden Villa have been judged excellent trout habitat.[35]

SportsEdit

Los Altos has a variety of youth-oriented sports organizations, programs, and after-school activities. Some examples:

  • The Mountain View Los Altos Soccer Club (MVLASC) has provided competitive soccer for the MVLA community since 1972. It is a member of the California Youth Soccer Association – North (Cal North Soccer) and plays in the Foothill Youth Soccer League. The club has won 14 State Championships and two National Championships.[36]
  • Los Altos–Mountain View Pony Baseball is for boys and girls aged 5 to 19. It is the largest youth baseball program in the San Francisco Bay Area, and a chartered league of PONY Baseball, Inc.[37]
  • West Valley Pop Warner offers cheerleading and football programs to local youth.[38]
  • The El Camino YMCA Youth Basketball League teaches basic basketball skills and the YMCA's core values.[39]

MediaEdit

The Los Altos Town Crier, a weekly, is the primary newspaper for the town, "serving the Hometown of Silicon Valley since 1947."[40] The San Jose Mercury News is the primary daily newspaper serving the town, delivering a Peninsula Section to Los Altans and locations north in lieu of the Local section delivered to those in San Jose and other communities closer to San Jose.

Design and planningEdit

 
An intersection in downtown Los Altos, with features like tree-lined sidewalks, diagonal parking, small shops, and banners advertising community events.

Los Altos strives to maintain a semi-rural atmosphere. Los Altos has few sidewalks except in commercial zones and along arterial roads. Minimum lot size for most residential housing is one-quarter of an acre. Most roads have broad dirt shoulders and little or no street lighting. The civic center sits in the middle of an orchard, a remnant of those that once covered the area. The downtown is a triangle with arterials and collector streets on all sides that enable most through traffic to bypass Main Street. Many Los Altos homes fetch $2 million and higher, putting the city (along with neighboring Los Altos Hills, with which it shares ZIP codes) at numbers 24 and 28 on Forbes' "Most Expensive ZIP Codes in America" list in 2007.[41]

Since the mid-1990s, downtown Los Altos has experienced mild economic difficulties due to competition from nearby shopping centers and chain stores, as well as its lack of a hotel or movie theater. Revitalizing downtown is a major issue in city politics.[42]

Los Altos may have a legitimate claim to having the first scientifically designed sound baffle in the year 1970. Santa Clara County undertook a seminal study to calculate the effects of alternate soundwall designs along Foothill Expressway.[43] The resulting wall brought about the predicted reduction of seven to ten decibels in noise pollution levels experienced by adjacent homes.

Los Altos History MuseumEdit

Located in one of Santa Clara Valley's few remaining apricot orchards, the Los Altos History Museum explores the rich history of local people and how the use of the land over time has transformed the agricultural paradise once known as the "Valley of Heart's Delight" into the technology hub that is today's Silicon Valley.

Opened in spring of 2001 adjacent to the Los Altos Library, the Los Altos History Museum occupies an 8,200-square-foot (760 m2) building – built entirely with private donations; ownership went to the town in 2002. The Museum features a changing exhibits gallery as well as the permanent exhibit, "Crown of the Peninsula".

With the mission to "collect, preserve and interpret the history of the Los Altos area," the Museum includes interactive exhibits and hands-on activities to encourage children and adults to learn about the community. Other programs include third and fourth grade tours and curricula for local school children, oral history collections, a traveling Ohlone kit, and much more.

There's more history just across the lushly landscaped courtyard in the landmark J. Gilbert Smith House. Built in 1905 and refurbished, the home nestles under majestic heritage oaks and replicates a 1930s farmhouse. Visitors are welcome to enjoy the gardens and picnic tables even when the House and Museum are closed.

Natural disastersEdit

 
A store in disarray following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake.

EarthquakesEdit

Los Altos is near the San Andreas Fault and subject to earthquakes.

  • 1989 – On October 17, Los Altos experienced the Loma Prieta earthquake, but was spared major damage. Los Altos and its churches combined efforts to clean up hard-hit areas such as Watsonville and Santa Cruz.

Parades/activitiesEdit

Notable residents and former residentsEdit

°Shirley Temple, famous actress and child actress

Sister citiesEdit

Los Altos had four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

The program was run by the non-profit Los Altos Sister Cities, Inc., founded in 1988. That organization later decided to cease its participation and is now dissolved.[when?] Los Altos no longer participates in the sister cities program.[50]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "Welcome to the Office of the City Manager". City of Los Altos. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  3. ^ "Council Members". City of Los Altos. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "City Manager". City of Los Altos.
  5. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  6. ^ "Los Altos". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  7. ^ "Los Altos (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/chart/losaltoscitycalifornia/INC110217#INC110217
  10. ^ Picchi, Aimee (November 12, 2014). "Full List:Here's the average home price in America's priciest town". CBS News Moneywatch. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  11. ^ Sharf, Samantha. "Full List: America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2017". Forbes. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  12. ^ "The 10 wealthiest cities in the United States". Tribune Media.
  13. ^ a b "Los Altos Historic Walking Tour Brochure" (PDF). City of Los Altos. 2005. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  14. ^ a b c McDonald, Don (2010). Early Los Altos and Los Altos Hills. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-7385-8010-4.
  15. ^ https://www.mercurynews.com/2013/09/20/steve-jobs-los-altos-childhood-home-eyed-for-historic-preservation/
  16. ^ {{cite web|last1=Chung|first1=L.A.|title='Casa Facebook' Recalls Scrappy, Freewheeling Visionaries|url=https://www.aol.com/2012/05/22/casa-facebook-recalls-scrappy-freewheeling-visionaries/
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Los Altos city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. ^ Schiffman, Betsy (November 10, 2015). "Full List: America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2015". Forbes. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
  21. ^ "City of Los Altos Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2010" (PDF). Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  22. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
  23. ^ "California's 18th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  24. ^ Blitzer, Carol (March 6, 1995). "Building on Success". San Jose Business Journal. sec. S, p. 3.
  25. ^ "Miramonte Elementary School". Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  26. ^ "Canterbury Christian School". Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  27. ^ "The School for Independent Learners". Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  28. ^ Waldorf School of the Peninsula
  29. ^ "Mountain View Academy". Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  30. ^ "The King's Academy". Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  31. ^ "Welcome to the Los Altos Library". Santa Clara County Library. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  32. ^ Seshadri, Jana (October 8, 2009). "City council signs agreement to restore Redwood Grove". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  33. ^ Ridgway, Eliza (June 3, 2009). "Science learning, restoration in works for Redwood Grove". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
  34. ^ Luther, Nicholas (June 22, 2010). "City purchases land to connect Shoup Park, Redwood Grove". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
  35. ^ Leidy, R.A.; Becker, G.S.; Harvey, B.N. (2005). "Historical distribution and current status of steelhead/rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in streams of the San Francisco Estuary, California" (PDF). Center for Ecosystem Management and Restoration, Oakland, CA. Retrieved October 18, 2009.
  36. ^ "Organization: About our club". MVLASC. April 22, 2008. Archived from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  37. ^ "About LA-MV PONY". LA-MV Pony Baseball. June 17, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  38. ^ "About WVPW". West Valley Pop Warner. June 19, 2008. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  39. ^ "Youth Basketball League is a slam dunk for area kids". Los Altos Town Crier. March 16, 1998. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  40. ^ "Los Altos Town Crier". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  41. ^ "Most Expensive ZIP Codes". Forbes. September 13, 2007. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  42. ^ McPherson, Sarah (April 6, 2005). "Small Town, Hard Sell: Village leader trying to pump up downtown". San Jose Mercury News. sec. B, p. 1.
  43. ^ Hogan, C. Michael; Seidman, Harry (October 1970). "Design of Noise Abatement Structures along Foothill Expressway, Los Altos, California". County of Santa Clara Public Works Department.
  44. ^ "Los Altos Shake map for SF Earthquake (Choose Los Altos and then San Andreas (1906 Quake) to see map)". Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  45. ^ "Downtown Los Altos Farmers' Market". Urban Village Farmers Market Association. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
  46. ^ "Los Altos Hills Historical Society". www.losaltoshillshistory.org.
  47. ^ Bluesman John Lee Hooker dies. Billboard.com
  48. ^ Pareles, Jon (June 22, 2001). "John Lee Hooker, Bluesman, Is Dead at 83". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  49. ^ https://www.losaltosonline.com/news/sections/news/200-police-fire/59708-former-peru-president-a-los-altos-resident-arrested-after-drunk-spectacle. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  50. ^ "Secretary of State". businessfilings.sos.ca.gov. Retrieved March 21, 2017.

External linksEdit