Lomonosov (Martian crater)

Lomonosov is a crater on Mars, with a diameter close to 150 km. It is located in the Martian northern plains. Since it is large and found close (64.9° north) to the boundary between the Mare Acidalium quadrangle and the Mare Boreum quadrangle, it is found on both maps. The topography is smooth and young in this area, hence Lomonosov is easy to spot on large maps of Mars.

Martian crater Lomonosov
Coordinates64°54′N 9°12′W / 64.9°N 9.2°W / 64.9; -9.2Coordinates: 64°54′N 9°12′W / 64.9°N 9.2°W / 64.9; -9.2
QuadrangleMare Acidalium quadrangle
Diameter150 km
EponymMikhail V. Lomonosov

The crater was named in 1973 in honour of Mikhail V. Lomonosov.

The impact that created the crater has been identified as a possible source of tsunami waves which washed the shores of an ancient ocean formerly present in the basin Vastitas Borealis.[1][2][3] In July 2019, further support was reported for an ancient ocean on Mars that may have been formed by a possible mega-tsunami source resulting from a meteorite impact creating Lomonosov crater.[4][5]


Interactive Mars mapEdit

Acheron FossaeAcidalia PlanitiaAlba MonsAmazonis PlanitiaAonia PlanitiaArabia TerraArcadia PlanitiaArgentea PlanumArgyre PlanitiaChryse PlanitiaClaritas FossaeCydonia MensaeDaedalia PlanumElysium MonsElysium PlanitiaGale craterHadriaca PateraHellas MontesHellas PlanitiaHesperia PlanumHolden craterIcaria PlanumIsidis PlanitiaJezero craterLomonosov craterLucus PlanumLycus SulciLyot craterLunae PlanumMalea PlanumMaraldi craterMareotis FossaeMareotis TempeMargaritifer TerraMie craterMilankovič craterNepenthes MensaeNereidum MontesNilosyrtis MensaeNoachis TerraOlympica FossaeOlympus MonsPlanum AustralePromethei TerraProtonilus MensaeSirenumSisyphi PlanumSolis PlanumSyria PlanumTantalus FossaeTempe TerraTerra CimmeriaTerra SabaeaTerra SirenumTharsis MontesTractus CatenaTyrrhen TerraUlysses PateraUranius PateraUtopia PlanitiaValles MarinerisVastitas BorealisXanthe Terra 
 Interactive image map of the global topography of Mars. Hover over the image to see the names of over 60 prominent geographic features, and click to link to them. Coloring of the base map indicates relative elevations, based on data from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor. Whites and browns indicate the highest elevations (+12 to +8 km); followed by pinks and reds (+8 to +3 km); yellow is 0 km; greens and blues are lower elevations (down to −8 km). Axes are latitude and longitude; Polar regions are noted.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Rincon, P. (2017-03-26). "Impact crater linked to Martian tsunamis". BBC. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
  2. ^ Costard, F.; Séjourné, A.; Kelfoun, K.; Clifford, S.; Lavigne, F.; Di Pietro, I.; Bouley, S. (2017). "Modelling Investigation of Tsunamis on Mars" (PDF). Lunar and Planetary Science XLVIII. The Woodlands, Texas: Lunar and Planetary Institute. p. 1171. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
  3. ^ Costard, F., et al. 2018. Formation of the Northern Plains Lomonosov Crater During a Tsunami Generating Marine Impact Event. 49th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 2018 (LPI Contrib. No. 2083). 1928.pdf
  4. ^ Andrews, Robin George (30 July 2019). "When a Mega-Tsunami Drowned Mars, This Spot May Have Been Ground Zero - The 75-mile-wide crater could be something like a Chicxulub crater for the red planet". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  5. ^ Costard, F.; et al. (26 June 2019). "The Lomonosov Crater Impact Event: A Possible Mega‐Tsunami Source on Mars". Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. 124 (7): 1840–1851. doi:10.1029/2019JE006008. hdl:20.500.11937/76439.

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