Lohne (Oldenburg) is a town in the district of Vechta, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated approximately 8 km south-west of Vechta. The town lies on the A1 freeway between Bremen and Osnabrück.

Lohne (Oldenburg)
Churches of Saint Gertrud (left) and Saint Joseph (right)
Churches of Saint Gertrud (left) and Saint Joseph (right)
Coat of arms of Lohne (Oldenburg)
Coat of arms
Location of Lohne (Oldenburg) within Vechta district
VisbekNeuenkirchen-VördenDammeDümmerHoldorfSteinfeldDinklageLohneBakumGoldenstedtVechtaVechta (district)Lower SaxonyNorth Rhine-WestphaliaOsnabrück (district)Cloppenburg (district)Oldenburg (district)Diepholz (district)Lohne (Oldenburg) in VEC.svg
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Lohne (Oldenburg) is located in Germany
Lohne (Oldenburg)
Lohne (Oldenburg)
Lohne (Oldenburg) is located in Lower Saxony
Lohne (Oldenburg)
Lohne (Oldenburg)
Coordinates: 52°40′0″N 08°14′19″E / 52.66667°N 8.23861°E / 52.66667; 8.23861Coordinates: 52°40′0″N 08°14′19″E / 52.66667°N 8.23861°E / 52.66667; 8.23861
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictVechta
Subdivisions19 districts
Government
 • MayorTobias Gerdesmeyer (CDU)
Area
 • Total90.78 km2 (35.05 sq mi)
Elevation
44 m (144 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total26,762
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
49393
Dialling codes04442
Vehicle registrationVEC
Websitewww.lohne.de

GeographyEdit

Geographical positionEdit

Lohne lies in the Oldenburg Münsterland between Oldenburg to the north and Osnabrück to the south. Through the city goes the Weser-Ems-watershed from north to south. In the east is the catchment area of the Hunte and in the west the catchment area of the Hase, which lies on a Geest, part of the Dammer Berge.

To the east of Lohne lies the Großes Moor, a raised bog. To the west lies the "Dinklager Becken", a great lowland. Drainage occurs by the rivulets "Hopener Mühlenbach" and "Bokerner Bach" into the Hase and "Dadau" into the Hunte.

In the east, next to the "Großes Moor" lie two more raised bogs, the "Brägeler Moor" and the "Südlohner Moor". The "Südlohner Moor" is a protected landscape.[2][3] A small part of the "Steinfelder Moor" is protected too.[4] It lies in Kroge-Ehrendorf, south of the federal road B214.

DistrictsEdit

  • Bokern
  • Brägel
  • Brettberg
  • Brockdorf
  • Hamberg
  • Hopen
  • Krimpenfort
  • Kroge-Ehrendorf
  • Lerchental
  • Lohnerwiesen
  • Märschendorf
  • Meyerfelde
  • Moorkamp
  • Mühlenkamp
  • Nordlohne
  • Rießel
  • Schellohne
  • Südlohne
  • Voßberg
  • Vulhop
  • Wichel
  • Zentrum
  • Zerhusen

Neighbourship of LohneEdit

The neighbourship of Lohne, clockwise, start in the north:

Bakum (9 km) Vechta (8 km) Barnstorf (18 km)
Dinklage (8 km)   Drebber (13 km)
Holdorf (11 km) Steinfeld (9 km) Diepholz (12 km)

The distance is town center to town center.

Twin townsEdit

EconomyEdit

As a "city of special industries", Lohne has also made a name for itself nationwide. As early as 1900, Lohne had an injection moulding factory, a machine factory, two paintbrush and one brush factories, a mechanical weaving mill, a sausage factory, several brickworks including cement industry, a peat factory, a cardboard packaging factory and a large number of other production facilities. Lohne's industry was characterized less by size than by its specialization. Since the 1950s, the plastics industry has been the mainstay of the Lohner economy. Today, metalworking companies, machinery and equipment manufacturers, packaging and cartonboard companies, cork manufacturers, as well as the food industry, agriculture and the construction trades ensure that there is a wide variety of industries in Lohne.

The fact that Lohne, as a middle center, is in the same order as the middle center of Vechta, the capital of the district, is shown by the fact, that most of the professional schools in the district are located in Lohne.

Every Thursday and Saturday there is a weekly market on the "Alter Markt", occasionally also on the "Rixheimer Platz".

Plastic industriesEdit

Established plastic industries in Lohne are:

  • ATKA Kunststoffverarbeitung
  • delo Dettmer-Verpackungen
  • Franz Henke Kunststoffwerk & Werkzeugbau
  • Kronen-Hansa-Werk
  • Nowack
  • Polytec Rießelmann
  • Pöppelmann
  • RPC Bramlage

Other companiesEdit

Other companies in Lohne are:

  • Biochem
  • Eifrisch-Vermarktung
  • Envitec Biogas
  • Gr. Holthaus u. Fortmann Torfwerk
  • Krapp Eisen
  • LTL Lohner Transport Logistik
  • OME Rohstoff Recycling
  • PHW-Gruppe
  • Reagens Deutschland
  • regiotv
  • Schomaker Reisen
  • Nowak Unternehmensberatung
  • tolimit
  • Würth-Gruppe

TransportEdit

Lohne lies on the A1 freeway (European route E 37) between Bremen and Osnabrück. It can be reached via the exit Lohne / Dinklage.

The train station lies on the Delmenhorst–Hesepe railway, which is operated by the NordWestBahn. Trains run every hour as RB 58 to Osnabrück and Bremen. Until 1999, a Lohne-Dinklage narrow-gauge railway was in operation; passenger transport ended in 1954. Meanwhile, most of the tracks have been converted into a bike path. In November 2013, the call bus system "Moobilplus Vechta" was put into operation in the district of Vechta, in which Lohne is involved. Every hour a bus operates between Dinklage, Lohne and the Lohner municipality Märschendorf.

Other buses run, including "Weser-Ems-Buses", for example to Damme and Diepholz.

From the 1920s there were plans to build a channel called "Hansakanal". It would pass through the middle of Lohne, and would connect the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region with the seaports of Bremen and Hamburg. In 1950 the plan was finally abandoned.

The nearest international airports are Bremen Airport (80 km north) and Münster Osnabrück International Airport (80 km south).

Lohne has a fast charging station from Tesla, the Tesla Supercharger.

Population developmentEdit

Year 1933 1939 1950 1977 1980 1990 2005 2008 2013 2016 2017
Residents 7.611 8.254 11.993 18.211 19.194 20.219 26.053 26.499 27.127 28,157 28,513

Notable placesEdit

  • Lohne Museum of Industry (opened in March 2000)
  • St.-Gertrud-Church with impressive high altar
  • St.-Anna-Klus (pilgrimage church) with healing spring
  • "Patoratsmühle" (historical water mill at the city park)[5]
  • Windmill „Elbers Mühle“[6]
  • Outlook tower at the forest park[7]
  • Moated castle Hopen
  • Urban Villas (Villa Clodius, Villa Taphorn, Villa Trenkamp, Villa Trenkamp and Bohmann, Haus Uptmoor)

Notable peopleEdit

Honorary citizensEdit

Honorary citizenship is the highest honour Lohne has to offer. Only three citizens have received this award:

  • Helmut Göttke-Krogmann (* 31. März 1919, † 31. Juli 2008), former voluntary mayor (1972 to 1991)
  • Hans Diekmann (* 1938), former voluntary mayor (1991 to 2001)
  • Hans-Georg Niesel (* 1944), former city director (1979 to 2001) and full-time mayor (2001 to 2011)

People from LohneEdit

  • Hermann Kalvelage (* 26. Januar 1884, † 26. April 1966 in Halen), politician (CDU), member of the Lower-Saxon Parliament
  • Josef Hempelmann (* 26. September 1893, † 27. April 1967 in Lohne), politician (CDU), member of the Lower-Saxon Parliament (1946) and mayor of Lohne (1946 to 1950)
  • Luzie Uptmoor (* 15. November 1899, † 30. Oktober 1984 in Lohne), painter, member of the initiative "Das junge Rheinland"
  • Franz Varelmann (* 3. November 1904, † 17. Oktober 1978 in Lohne), politician (CDU), member of the Lower House of German Parliament 1953 to 1972
  • Gordian Landwehr OP (* 30. Dezember 1912, † 11. Juni 1998 in Leipzig), catholic priest in Leipzig
  • Clemens Pölking (* 27. Februar 1915, † 17. Januar 1967 in Lingen), politician (CDU), member of the Lower-Saxon Parliament
  • Gertrud Pöppelmann (* 4. September 1924, † 18. April 2009 in Lohne), businesswoman
  • Franz-Josef Nordlohne (* 18. März 1939, † 29. Januar 1981 in Lohne), politician (CDU), member of the Lower House of German Parliament 1972 to 1979, member of the European Parliament 1979 to 1981
  • Werner Schockemöhle (* 2. November 1939, † 1. Februar 2000 in Lohne), horse breeder and businessman
  • Josef Schlarmann (* 30. Oktober 1939), lawyer, politician (CDU)
  • Claus Peter Poppe (* 1. März 1948), politician (SPD), member of the Lower House of German Parliament 2003 to 2014, since 2014 mayor of the Samtgemeinde Artland
  • Johannes Schmoelling (* 9. November 1950), musician, Tangerine Dream
  • Benno Möhlmann(* 1. August 1954), footballer (Preußen Münster, Werder Bremen, HSV) and football coach (HSV, Eintracht Braunschweig, Greuther Fuerth); current trainer at the FSV Frankfurt
  • Werner Kolhoff (* 1956), journalist, speaker of the Senate of Berlin (1989)
  • Michael Börgerding (* 1960), author and university lecturer
  • Willi Rolfes (* 1964), social worker and photographer
  • Ulrich Kirchhoff (* 9. August 1967), show jumper, olympic champion at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta
  • Reinhard Thole (* 1968), chairman of the "Lesben und Schwulen in der Union (LSU)" 2007 to 2010
  • Anja Middelbeck-Varwick (* 25. April 1974), catholic theologian
  • Mareike Bokern (* 1979), moderator at the WDR and Phoenix
  • Kristina Bröring-Sprehe (* 28. Oktober 1986), dressage rider, member of the German olympic team 2012 and 2016
  • Erik Pfeifer (* 22. Januar 1987), boxer, German champion, member of the German olympic team 2012
  • Thorsten Tönnies (* 13. März 1991), kicker
  • Madita Kohorst (* 14. Oktober 1996), handball player

PoliticsEdit

City councilEdit

CDU 22 seats
SPD 6 seats
AFD 1 seat
Ratsgruppe LOHNER 2 seat
Buendnis90/Die Gruenen 2 seat
Die Linke 1 seat
Independent 1 seat

(as of 11 November 2016)

By German law, cities between 25,001 and 30,000 citizens must have 36 town councils (German Stadträte). Lohne has only 35. The party AFD won 2 seats for the city council, but only one candidate on their ticket. The 2nd seat was withdrawn. The legislative period will take 5 years.

MayorEdit

 
Mayor Tobias Gerdesmeyer

In 2011, Tobias Gerdesmeyer was elected as mayor (CDU). He was common representative for the mayor (2008-2011) before he succeeded Hans Georg Niesel (mayor 2001-2011) as mayor.

Coat of armsEdit

On 3 January 1912, the Grand duke of Oldenburg granted the Coat of arms. The shield is divided into four quarters (party per quarterly). The upper left quarter shows gold and red fesses, the lower right quarter shows a golden cross on blue ground. They are the same as in the Coat of arms of the Grand duke. The upper right quarter shows a church on white ground. It displays the modest character of Lohne in union with the Catholic Church. The lower left square shows a wing on a crown. The crown is symbolic of wage and price of the bourgeois activity (Lohn und Preis der bürgerlichen Regsamkeit). The wing is symbolic of the significant feather industry in Lohne in the early 19th century.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit