Liverpool Riverside railway station

Liverpool Riverside was a railway station owned by the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board and located at Liverpool's Pier Head ocean liner terminal.

Liverpool Riverside
Liverpool Riverside August 30 2010 1.jpg
Site of Liverpool Riverside Station in August 2010
Location
PlaceLiverpool
AreaLiverpool
Coordinates53°24′27″N 2°59′56″W / 53.4075°N 2.9988°W / 53.4075; -2.9988Coordinates: 53°24′27″N 2°59′56″W / 53.4075°N 2.9988°W / 53.4075; -2.9988
Grid referenceSJ336906
Operations
Original companyMersey Docks and Harbour Board
Pre-groupingMersey Docks and Harbour Board
Post-groupingMersey Docks and Harbour Board
Platforms3[1]
History
12 June 1895 (1895-06-12)Opened[1]
25 February 1971Closed[1]
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z

HistoryEdit

The station was specifically used for ship liner traffic, opening on 12 June 1895.[2] It was accessed via the Victoria and Waterloo tunnels.

It had two main platforms of 795 feet (242 m) and 698 feet (213 m), with a centre release track between them, and a 560 feet (170 m) bay platform, all covered by a roof. Beyond the buffers were waiting rooms and an inspector's office. It was rebuilt in 1945 after bomb damage. On the opposite side of Princes Parade from the station were the Customs examination rooms and the floating Princes Landing Stage, where the ships berthed.[3]

Due to weight restrictions on the line, it was worked by a pair of LNWR Webb Coal Tank locomotives which took trains from Edge Hill railway station until strengthening of the infrastructure around the docks area in 1950 allowed large mainline locomotives to travel through.[1] To open the line for a train the signalman had to walk about 0.75 miles (1.21 km) fitting six Annett's keys into locks at the swing bridge and points. A pilot with a red flag walked a similar distance in front of each train that arrived and departed.[4]

The station was closed when the Belfast Steamship Company's Ulster Queen hit the swing bridge at the entrance to Prince's Dock on 21 October 1949, reopening on 27 March 1950.[5]

The station was heavily used during both World Wars, receiving troop trains from all over the United Kingdom and troops entering the country, however a decline in Atlantic liner traffic in the 1960s due to the growing popularity of air travel saw its use decline.

 
1972 view of branch-line with MV Ulster Queen and the Liver Building in the background.

On 20 September 1960, English Electric type 4 locomotives D211 and D212 were respectively named Mauretania and Aureol at the station.[1]

The last train to use the station was a troop train carrying soldiers bound for Belfast on 25 February 1971.[1] It was demolished in the 1990s.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Disused Stations: Liverpool Riverside Station". Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  2. ^ Quick, Michael (2009) [2001]. Railway passenger stations in Great Britain: a chronology (4th ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. p. 249. ISBN 978-0-901461-57-5. OCLC 612226077.
  3. ^ Railway Magazine June 1950 p. 372
  4. ^ Railway Magazine June 1950 p. 373
  5. ^ Friday 21 October 1949, Hull Daily Mail

Further readingEdit

  • Hughes, John C. (March 1999). "Waterloo and Riverside". Back Track. Vol. 13 no. 3. Pendragon Publishing. ISSN 0955-5382.
  • Reed, C. Gateway to the West: A history of Riverside Station Liverpool, MD&HB – LNWR. LNWR Society, 1992.

External linksEdit